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Wu, Hsin-Kai; Wu, Pai-Hsing; Zhang, Wen-Xin; Hsu, Ying-Shao – Science Education, 2013
Drawing upon the literature in computational modeling, multivariable reasoning, and causal attribution, this study aims at characterizing multivariable reasoning practices in computational modeling and revealing the nature of understanding about multivariable causality. We recruited two freshmen, two sophomores, two juniors, two seniors, four…
Descriptors: College Students, Thinking Skills, Logical Thinking, Semi Structured Interviews
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Chang, Chun-Yen; Hsiao, Chien-Hua; Barufaldi, James P. – Science Education, 2006
This study examines the possibilities of differential impacts on students' earth science learning outcomes between different preferred-actual learning environment spaces by using a newly developed ESCLEI (Earth Science Classroom Learning Environment Instrument). The instrument emphasizes three simultaneously important classroom components:…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Instruction, Educational Environment, Earth Science