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Lehrer, Richard; Schauble, Leona – Science Education, 2017
This study describes how students' intuitions about sampling are informed by extended experiences in investigating local ecosystems. Elementary students in a rural/suburban district in the upper midwest spent a year conducting first-hand comparative field studies of nearby ponds, prairies, and forests. At the close of the term, we conducted…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Sampling, Ecology, Intuition
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Wallace, Carolyn S.; Brooks, Lori – Science Education, 2015
Lack of time for teaching science in traditional classroom placements in the United States has led some science teacher educators to provide practice teaching time for elementary education students in informal science settings. The purposes of this study were to describe the culture of one science methods course taught in conjunction with a K-7…
Descriptors: Science Education, Teacher Educators, Elementary School Science, Methods Courses
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Haglund, Jesper; Jeppsson, Fredrik; Andersson, Johanna – Science Education, 2012
This exploratory study in a classroom setting investigates first graders' (age 7-8 years, N = 25) ability to perform analogical reasoning and create their own analogies for two irreversible natural phenomena: mixing and heat transfer. We found that the children who contributed actively to a full-class discussion were consistently successful at…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Childrens Art, Discussion, Heat
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Varelas, Maria; Kane, Justine M.; Wylie, Caitlin Donahue – Science Education, 2011
We focused on young, low-income, African American children in first- to third-grade classrooms where they experienced varied forms of interactive, participatory, and dialogic pedagogy in the context of yearlong, integrated science-literacy instruction. Using conversations that started around children's own science journals, which were an important…
Descriptors: African American Students, African American Children, Classrooms, Literacy
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Richmond, Gail; Manokore, Viola – Science Education, 2011
In this paper, we examined data collected as part of a 5-year project designed to foster reform-based urban science teaching through teachers' communities of inquiry. Drawing upon a distributed leadership framework, we analyzed teacher "talk" during professional learning community (PLC) meetings. This analysis yielded five elements:…
Descriptors: Urban Education, Elementary School Science, Grade 1, Grade 4
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Harlow, Danielle B.; Swanson, Lauren H.; Nylund-Gibson, Karen; Truxler, Adam – Science Education, 2011
Understanding what children know is paramount to planning effective science instruction; however, in any classroom, the students hold a variety of ideas. Representing these differences in ways that also acknowledge the common trends among students might facilitate the process of differentiation. To exemplify one such possible process of…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Science Instruction, Student Reaction, Age Differences
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Russ, Rosemary S.; Scherr, Rachel E.; Hammer, David; Mikeska, Jamie – Science Education, 2008
Science education reform has long focused on assessing student inquiry, and there has been progress in developing tools specifically with respect to experimentation and argumentation. We suggest the need for attention to another aspect of inquiry, namely "mechanistic reasoning." Scientific inquiry focuses largely on understanding causal…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Educational Change, Science Education, Inquiry
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Varelas, Maria; Pappas, Christine C.; Kane, Justine M.; Arsenault, Amy; Hankes, Jennifer; Cowan, Begona Marnotes – Science Education, 2008
We focus on the concept of matter and explore how young children in urban schools bridge their spontaneous concepts and everyday experiences with scientific concepts introduced to them by children's literature information books and their teacher. The study shows how material artifacts used in a sorting activity became ideational tools--semiotic…
Descriptors: Childrens Literature, Urban Schools, Interpersonal Communication, Inquiry
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Norris, Stephen P.; Phillips, Linda M.; Smith, Martha L.; Guilbert, Sandra M.; Stange, Donita M.; Baker, Jeff J.; Weber, Andrea C. – Science Education, 2008
This paper describes a comprehensive set of studies designed to assess the potential for commercial reading programs to teach reading in science. Specific questions focus on the proportion of selections in the programs that contain science and the amount of science that is in those selections, on the genres in which the science is portrayed, on…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Reading Programs, Program Effectiveness, Literary Genres
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Danish, Joshua A.; Enyedy, Noel – Science Education, 2007
In this paper, we synthesize two bodies of work related to students' representational activities: the notions of meta-representational competence and representation as a form of practice. We report on video analyses of kindergarten and first-grade students as they create representations of pollination in a science classroom, as well as summarize…
Descriptors: Case Method (Teaching Technique), Local Norms, Videotape Recordings, Elementary School Science