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Showing 136 to 150 of 178 results Save | Export
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Baird, William E.; Koballa, Thomas R., Jr. – Science Education, 1988
Examined the feasibility of using two microcomputer simulations to improve preservice elementary teachers performance in the formation and testing of hypotheses. Considers the effects of mode of computer instruction and cooperation on the acquisition of skills. (CW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Structures, College Science, Higher Education
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MacDonald, M. Allyson; Rogan, John M. – Science Education, 1988
Analyzed and compared the teaching behavior of teachers who had been trained to use Science Education Project (SEP) materials with the teaching behavior of teachers using traditional approaches. Reviewed some relevant research on observations of science teaching and presented the results of the comparative study. (CW)
Descriptors: College Science, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Inservice Teacher Education
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Stewart, Jim – Science Education, 1988
Examines various types of problems that researchers have used to demonstrate problem solving. Focuses on genetics problems. Discusses classes of learning outcomes, conceptual knowledge gains, content-independent heuristics, content-specific procedures, understanding the nature of science and a typology of genetics problems. (CW)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Cognitive Ability, College Science, Genetics
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Horwood, R. H. – Science Education, 1988
Examines ways in which description and explanation are used in science teaching, including word usage and the role of activities. Considers the desirable characteristics of explanation for teaching purposes. Raises major questions about explanation in science education. Shows the need to make a clear distinction between description and…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Curriculum Design, Educational Strategies, Elementary School Science
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Heikkinen, Michael W. – Science Education, 1988
Summarizes the academic preparation of secondary school science teachers in Idaho by science subject. Reveals that the extent of some problems appears to be greater than reported in the literature. Reports that only 57% of Idaho science teachers were endorsed to teach the subject they taught. (CW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Biology, Chemistry
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Rogan, John M. – Science Education, 1988
Considers variables which affect the acquisition of the kinetic theory of heat by children who hold alternative viewpoints. Suggests that the articulation of different viewpoints in no way hinders the acquisition of the desired conceptual framework. Emphasizes the benefit to low-reasoning students in particular. (CW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Concept Formation, Heat, Kinetic Molecular Theory
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Schoeneberger, Mary; Russell, Thomas – Science Education, 1986
Reports on the results of case studies of science teaching at the elementary level. Two teachers from two elementary schools were studied. Addresses issues in elementary science teaching ranging from the importance at the elementary level to gender differences in science instruction. (TW)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Elementary Education, Elementary School Science, Science Curriculum
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Tobin, Kenneth – Science Education, 1986
Reports on a study to extend the concurrent and predictive validity of the Teacher Performance Assessment Instrument by including a sample of middle school science teachers. The validity criteria for the study involved observing student engagement and integrated process skill achievement. (TW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Classroom Observation Techniques, Elementary Education, Elementary School Science
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Andersson, Bjorn – Science Education, 1986
Describes five ways that high school students explain a chemical change. Discusses the differences in conceptual understanding of the students based upon their responses to questions about simple reactions. Presents additional classifications of conceptions of chemical reactions done by other researchers. (TW)
Descriptors: Chemical Reactions, Chemistry, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures
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Gorodetsky, Malka; And Others – Science Education, 1986
Describes a hierarchical system of problem-solving strategies employed for the solution of a specific kind of problem about speed. Presents the results of 563 high school students tested with problems relating to distance, speed, and time. Provides a rationale for the methods used. (TW)
Descriptors: Algebra, Cognitive Processes, Learning Strategies, Mathematics Education
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Pines, A. Leon; West, Leo H. T. – Science Education, 1986
Proposes a framework for interpreting current research in science education. Presents four prototypes for describing research which are derived from comparisons and combinations of "spontaneous" and "formal" knowledge. Discusses possible applications of the use of the framework in science education. (TW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures, Concept Formation, Concept Teaching
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Baird, William E.; Borich, Gary D. – Science Education, 1987
Explains the convergent and discriminant validity of two tests of science process skills with two tests of formal reasoning ability. Reports test results from elementary education majors and discusses the tests' intercorrelations. Implications related to instruction are analyzed. (ML)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary School Teachers, Formal Operations, Multitrait Multimethod Techniques
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Oliver, J. Steve; Anderson, Norman D. – Science Education, 1986
Determined how 430 eighth-grade students perceived science teaching as a career. One area investigated was the relationship between student ratings of science teaching as a career and such variables as sex, race, age, educational aspirations, and mother's/father's education and job type. (JN)
Descriptors: Career Choice, Grade 8, Junior High Schools, Science Education
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Gunstone, Richard F.; White, Richard T. – Science Education, 1986
Argues that Venn Diagrams are powerful probes of students' understanding of the meanings of terms and the relations between concepts. Examples of the various classroom contexts in which the diagrams can be used are provided. (JN)
Descriptors: Comprehension, Concept Formation, Concept Teaching, Diagrams
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Hewson, Mariana G. A'B. – Science Education, 1986
Investigated (1) conceptions 40 African students used in solving floating/sinking problems; (2) nature of these conceptions; (3) kinds of arguments of epistemological commitment they displayed in their responses; and (4) if their conceptions differed from scientific conceptions. (JN)
Descriptors: Comprehension, Concept Formation, Density (Matter), High Schools
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