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Klopfer, Leopold E.; Champagne, Audrey B. – Science Education, 1990
Discussed is the history of school science curriculum reform from the Sputnik era to 1990. The relationship between the crisis in the 1950s and 1990 is addressed. A list of curriculum development programs for all levels and special needs students is included. (KR)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Disabilities, Elementary Education, Elementary Secondary Education
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Anderson, O. Roger; Botticelli, Steven – Science Education, 1990
Investigated is a reader's ability to comprehend written text that is highly novel with few semantic cues. The theoretical perspective, assessment theory, materials and methods, and the results of this study are discussed. (KR)
Descriptors: Coding, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Structures
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Eijkelhof, H. M. C.; And Others – Science Education, 1990
Described are lay-ideas which may exist about ionizing radiation, the importance of these ideas for risk management, and the relationships between various lay-ideas. Lay-ideas were used to gain a better insight into the problems of learning about ionizing radiation and to construct appropriate teaching materials and strategies. (KR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary Secondary Education, Misconceptions, Radiation
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Roberts, Douglas A.; Chastko, Audrey M. – Science Education, 1990
Examined is teacher thinking which develops during curriculum and methodology courses for intending teachers of secondary school science. A science teacher thinking framework which includes subject matter, teaching strategy, objectives, and student response was developed. The importance of reflective thinking is discussed. (KR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Communication Skills, Elementary Secondary Education, Preservice Teacher Education
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Lederman, Norman G.; O'Malley, Molly – Science Education, 1990
Investigated were students' beliefs about the tentativeness of scientific knowledge, various sources of students' beliefs as well as those factors that have altered students' beliefs about science, and the implications of students' beliefs for daily personal and societal decisions. The research methodology and instructional implications are…
Descriptors: Cognitive Measurement, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, Curriculum Development
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Stensvold, Mark S.; Wilson, John T. – Science Education, 1990
The relationship between concept mapping and comprehension was investigated in conjunction with science instructional laboratories. Measured were student skills and aptitudes applying aptitude treatment interaction procedures to investigate interactions between a concept mapping treatment and student aptitudes. (KR)
Descriptors: Academic Aptitude, Aptitude Treatment Interaction, Chemistry, Cognitive Structures
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Cornett, Jeffrey W.; And Others – Science Education, 1990
Presented are the findings of a naturalistic case study of science teacher thinking. The role of personal practical theories and curricular and instructional decisions is discussed. Suggested implications of understanding personal theorizing of science teachers and science teacher educators are included. (KR)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Cognitive Processes, College Science, Curriculum Design
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Martin, Brian; And Others – Science Education, 1990
Presented is an asymptotic approach to "authentic" science. Discussed are the following aspects of science: personal science, private science, public science, historical science, societal science, technological science, and the aims of science. (KR)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Epistemology, Experiential Learning, Science and Society
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Simpson, Ronald D.; Oliver, J. Steve – Science Education, 1990
Major findings and prediction models resulting from longitudinal research are presented. Discussed are the study design; variables, trends, and profiles; a follow-up study; and implications and policy recommendations. A summary model designed to explain this phenomenon is given. (CW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education, Longitudinal Studies
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Glenn, William H. – Science Education, 1990
Examined is the extent to which trends found in high school biology textbooks are also found in earth science texts. Procedures, book lists, and summaries are presented. It is recommended that more emphasis be placed on the theory of evolution in future editions of earth science textbooks. (CW)
Descriptors: Controversial Issues (Course Content), Earth Science, Educational Trends, Evolution
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Jones, M. Gail; Wheatley, Jack – Science Education, 1989
The underrepresentation of women in science and engineering might be caused by certain differences in science training processes. This study investigated sex differences in classroom atmosphere and classroom behaviors of science teachers and students. Males were dominant in working on classroom displays and classroom activities. (YP)
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Classroom Environment, Classroom Research, Secondary Education
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Diamond, Judy; And Others – Science Education, 1987
Describes a program in which teenage students serve as the explainers of the displays in a museum. Reports on a study designed to determine whether such programs can significantly affect students' social development, their attitudes toward science, and their interest in science, teaching, and museums. (TW)
Descriptors: Informal Education, Museums, Peer Teaching, Science and Society
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Stedman, Carlton H. – Science Education, 1987
Discusses the history of American science and science education, with particular emphasis on the development of scientific inquiry and experimentation. Focuses primarily on the activities of individuals in the 1800's, and the introduction of science into secondary schools and higher education institutions in the early 1900's. (TW)
Descriptors: College Science, Higher Education, Inquiry, Science Education
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Bybee, Rodger W. – Science Education, 1987
Aims to clarify the relationship between science education and the science-technology-society (STS) theme and to develop a justification for the inclusion of the STS theme. Examines the current debate over definitions in science education, and provides an historical perspective of science education's purpose as a social institution. (TW)
Descriptors: Controversial Issues (Course Content), Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education, Models
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Koballa, Thomas R., Jr. – Science Education, 1988
Defines attitude and distinguishes it from related concepts. Indicates some weaknesses inherent in attitude research and offers suggestions as to research that is needed. Reviews attitude research and identifies three measures for studying attitudes. States that attitudes are enduring, learned and related to behavior. (CW)
Descriptors: Affective Measures, Attitudes, Behavior, Elementary School Science
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