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Klopfer, Leopold E.; Champagne, Audrey B. – Science Education, 1990
Discussed is the history of school science curriculum reform from the Sputnik era to 1990. The relationship between the crisis in the 1950s and 1990 is addressed. A list of curriculum development programs for all levels and special needs students is included. (KR)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Disabilities, Elementary Education, Elementary Secondary Education
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Anderson, O. Roger; Botticelli, Steven – Science Education, 1990
Investigated is a reader's ability to comprehend written text that is highly novel with few semantic cues. The theoretical perspective, assessment theory, materials and methods, and the results of this study are discussed. (KR)
Descriptors: Coding, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Structures
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Eijkelhof, H. M. C.; And Others – Science Education, 1990
Described are lay-ideas which may exist about ionizing radiation, the importance of these ideas for risk management, and the relationships between various lay-ideas. Lay-ideas were used to gain a better insight into the problems of learning about ionizing radiation and to construct appropriate teaching materials and strategies. (KR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary Secondary Education, Misconceptions, Radiation
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Roberts, Douglas A.; Chastko, Audrey M. – Science Education, 1990
Examined is teacher thinking which develops during curriculum and methodology courses for intending teachers of secondary school science. A science teacher thinking framework which includes subject matter, teaching strategy, objectives, and student response was developed. The importance of reflective thinking is discussed. (KR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Communication Skills, Elementary Secondary Education, Preservice Teacher Education
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Lederman, Norman G.; O'Malley, Molly – Science Education, 1990
Investigated were students' beliefs about the tentativeness of scientific knowledge, various sources of students' beliefs as well as those factors that have altered students' beliefs about science, and the implications of students' beliefs for daily personal and societal decisions. The research methodology and instructional implications are…
Descriptors: Cognitive Measurement, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, Curriculum Development
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Stensvold, Mark S.; Wilson, John T. – Science Education, 1990
The relationship between concept mapping and comprehension was investigated in conjunction with science instructional laboratories. Measured were student skills and aptitudes applying aptitude treatment interaction procedures to investigate interactions between a concept mapping treatment and student aptitudes. (KR)
Descriptors: Academic Aptitude, Aptitude Treatment Interaction, Chemistry, Cognitive Structures
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Ross, John A. – Science Education, 1990
Described is the key teacher strategy for inservice compared to an all teacher strategy, in which inservice is given directly to all the target teachers. Student achievement in both situations is considered. (KR)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary Education, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education
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Simpson, Ronald D.; Oliver, J. Steve – Science Education, 1990
Major findings and prediction models resulting from longitudinal research are presented. Discussed are the study design; variables, trends, and profiles; a follow-up study; and implications and policy recommendations. A summary model designed to explain this phenomenon is given. (CW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education, Longitudinal Studies
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Bybee, Rodger W. – Science Education, 1987
Aims to clarify the relationship between science education and the science-technology-society (STS) theme and to develop a justification for the inclusion of the STS theme. Examines the current debate over definitions in science education, and provides an historical perspective of science education's purpose as a social institution. (TW)
Descriptors: Controversial Issues (Course Content), Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education, Models
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Koballa, Thomas R., Jr. – Science Education, 1988
Defines attitude and distinguishes it from related concepts. Indicates some weaknesses inherent in attitude research and offers suggestions as to research that is needed. Reviews attitude research and identifies three measures for studying attitudes. States that attitudes are enduring, learned and related to behavior. (CW)
Descriptors: Affective Measures, Attitudes, Behavior, Elementary School Science
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Falk, John H.; And Others – Science Education, 1986
Discusses the learning potentials of science museums. Examines studies that relate to visitor use and learning. Contrasts learning in museums with most school-based learning, particularly with regard to the museum's emphasis on the use of objects as the focus on learning. (TW)
Descriptors: Display Aids, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education, Exhibits
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Olstad, Roger G.; Haury, David L. – Science Education, 1984
Reviews and analyzes science education research completed in 1982. Areas considered include: student and teacher characteristics and behavior; instructional strategies and environment; instructional materials and technology; curricula and programs; teacher education; research and evaluation practices; and science education policy and practice. (JN)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Research Methodology, Science Curriculum
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Rakow, Steven J.; And Others – Science Education, 1984
Students' understanding of basic science concepts (with particular emphasis on the interaction of science and society) was measured during a 1981-82 national assessment. These results are compared to those obtained from the Third Science Assessment (1977) to determine how students' knowledge has changed during the past five years. (JN)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Assessment, Educational Trends, Elementary School Science
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Holliday, William G.; And Others – Science Education, 1985
Presents a summary of science education research for 1983. The 422 reports reviewed were placed into one of seven clusters for analysis/discussion: learning and instruction; curriculum development and evaluation; cognitive development studies; test development; teacher education; science education research completed in foreign countries; and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
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Welch, Wayne W. – Science Education, 1985
Reviews science education research over the past decades, examining trends in research and noting emphases and gaps in the coverage of science teaching and learning issues addressed by the research. Areas addressed include the content (antecedent conditions), transaction (interactions), and outcomes (results of instruction) for the domain of…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
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