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Showing 1 to 15 of 17 results Save | Export
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Erduran, Sibel – Cultural Studies of Science Education, 2018
Kim and Roth (this issue) purport to draw on the social-psychological theory of L. S. Vygotsky in order to investigate social relations in children's argumentation in science topics. The authors argue that the argumentation framework offered by Stephen Toulmin is limited in addressing social relations. The authors thus criticize Toulmin's Argument…
Descriptors: Science Education, Persuasive Discourse, Guidelines, Interpersonal Relationship
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Kirch, Susan A.; Ma, Jasmine Y. – Cultural Studies of Science Education, 2016
The interaction analysis presented by Kim and Roth examines nine students, their teachers, the learning task and materials in a mixed second and third grade science classroom during the school day. In the research narrative readers are introduced to two resourceful and creative groups of students as they work on a task assigned by their…
Descriptors: Individual Power, Interpersonal Relationship, Interaction, Grade 2
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Goldenberg, E. Paul; Carter, Cynthia J. – Education Sciences, 2018
How people see the world, even how they research it, is influenced by beliefs. Some beliefs are conscious and the result of research, or at least amenable to research. Others are largely invisible. They may feel like "common knowledge" (though myth, not knowledge), unrecognized premises that are part of the surrounding culture. As we…
Descriptors: Misconceptions, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Learning Processes
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Tank, Kristina Maruyama; Coffino, Kara – Cultural Studies of Science Education, 2014
Elementary students in grade two make sense of science ideas and knowledge through their contextual experiences. Mattis Lundin and Britt Jakobson find in their research that early grade students have sophisticated understandings of human anatomy and physiology. In order to understand what students' know about human body and various systems,…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Elementary School Science, Elementary School Students, Context Effect
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Russ, Rosemary S.; Coffey, Janet E.; Hammer, David; Hutchison, Paul – Science Education, 2009
When teachers or students assess the quality of ideas in science classes, they do so mostly based on "textbook correctness"; ideas are good to the extent they align with or lead to the content as presented in the textbook or curriculum. Such appeals to authority are at odds with the values and practices within the disciplines of science. There has…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Epistemology, Science Education, Science Curriculum
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Metz, Kathleen E. – Science Education, 2009
This article examines teachers' perspectives on the challenges of using a science reform curriculum, as well as their learning in interaction with the curriculum and parallel professional development program. As case studies, I selected 4 veteran teachers of 2nd or 3rd grade, with varying science backgrounds (including 2 with essentially none).…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Grade 3, Elementary School Teachers, Science Curriculum
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Norris, Stephen P.; Phillips, Linda M.; Smith, Martha L.; Guilbert, Sandra M.; Stange, Donita M.; Baker, Jeff J.; Weber, Andrea C. – Science Education, 2008
This paper describes a comprehensive set of studies designed to assess the potential for commercial reading programs to teach reading in science. Specific questions focus on the proportion of selections in the programs that contain science and the amount of science that is in those selections, on the genres in which the science is portrayed, on…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Reading Programs, Program Effectiveness, Literary Genres
Girod, Mark; Twyman, Todd – Journal of Elementary Science Education, 2009
In response to pressures to integrate literacy and science learning, an observational, comparative analysis was conducted exploring the added value of blended science and literacy curricula over inquiry-oriented science curricula in two 2nd-grade classrooms (ages seven to eight). Data were collected over ten weeks by the research team, and…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Classrooms, Comparative Analysis, Science Curriculum
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Shanahan, Therese; Shea, Lauren M. – Journal of Science Teacher Education, 2012
English learners are faced with the dual challenge of acquiring English while learning academic content through the medium of the new language (Lee et al. in "J Res Sci Teach" 45(6):726-747, 2008; Stoddart et al. in "J Res Sci Teach" 39(8):664-687, 2002) and therefore need specific accommodations to achieve in both English and the content areas.…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Learning Strategies, Second Language Learning, Professional Development
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Kikas, Eve – Research in Science Education, 2006
Difficulties in students' understanding of the spherical model of the Earth have been shown in previous studies. One of the reasons for these difficulties lies in beliefs and preliminary knowledge that hinder the interpretation of the scientific knowledge, the other reason may lie in the low level of verbal and visuo-spatial abilities. The study…
Descriptors: Verbal Ability, Spatial Ability, Science Education, Sample Size
Barrow, Lloyd H.; Robinson, Richard D. – Journal of Elementary Science Education, 2007
A series of magnet trade books were analyzed against a validated list of magnet concepts (Barrow, 1990a) and their Flesch (1974) Readability was determined. These trade books were used to supplement a second grade unit on magnetism locally constructed from AIM's "Mostly Magnets" (1991). All trade books accurately described how like and unlike…
Descriptors: Childrens Literature, Readability, Grade 2, Scientific Concepts
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Cullen, Theresa A.; Akerson, Valarie L.; Hanson, Deborah L. – Journal of Science Teacher Education, 2010
Teachers are required to work with data on a daily basis to assess the effectiveness of their teaching strategies, but may not approach it as research. This paper presents a reflective discussion of how and when a professional development team used an action research project to help 12 K-6 teachers explore the effectiveness of reform based Nature…
Descriptors: Action Research, Faculty Development, Teaching Methods, Inquiry
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Biddlecomb, Barry; Carr, Martha – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether patterns of strategy use in second, third and fourth grade children's arithmetic supported Steffe's model of numerical development. In addition to student-generated strategies, we looked at commonly taught algorithms not considered in Steffe's model to determine whether these algorithms reflected…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Grade 3, Grade 2, Arithmetic
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Kim, Mijung; Roth, Wolff-Michael; Thom, Jennifer – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2011
There is mounting research evidence that contests the metaphysical perspective of knowing as mental process detached from the physical world. Yet education, especially in its teaching and learning practices, continues to treat knowledge as something that is necessarily and solely expressed in ideal verbal form. This study is part of a funded…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Mathematics Instruction, Educational Research, Cognitive Processes
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Paik, Seoung-Hey; Kim, Hyo-Nam; Cho, Boo-Kyoung; Park, Jae-Won – International Journal of Science Education, 2004
This study investigates the various conceptions held by K-8th Korean grade students regarding the 'changes of state' and the 'conditions for changes of state'. The study used a sample of five kindergarteners, five secondgrade students, five fourth-grade students, five sixth-grade students, and five eighth-grade students. The 25 students attend…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Textbooks, Rural Areas, Science Education
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