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Showing 211 to 225 of 840 results Save | Export
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Croft, Michael; de Berg, Kevin – Science & Education, 2014
This paper selects six key alternative conceptions identified in the literature on student understandings of chemical bonding and illustrates how a historical analysis and a textbook analysis can inform these conceptions and lead to recommendations for improving the teaching and learning of chemical bonding at the secondary school level. The…
Descriptors: Secondary School Science, Secondary School Students, Scientific Concepts, Comprehension
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Jiang, Feng; McComas, William F. – Science & Education, 2014
This study examined the inclusion of nature of science (NOS) in popular science writing to determine whether it could serve supplementary resource for teaching NOS and to evaluate the accuracy of text mining and classification as a viable research tool in science education research. Four groups of documents published from 2001 to 2010 were…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Scientific Principles, Periodicals, Information Retrieval
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Asikainen, Mervi A.; Hirvonen, Pekka E. – Science & Education, 2014
This study describes the use of the double-slit thought experiment as a diagnostic tool for probing physics teachers' understanding. A total of 9 pre-service teachers and 18 in-service teachers with a variety of different experience in modern physics teaching at the upper secondary level responded in a paper-and-pencil test and three of these…
Descriptors: Science Experiments, Physics, Science Teachers, Knowledge Base for Teaching
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Allen, G. Donald – Science & Education, 2014
In human history, the origin of the numbers came from definite practical needs. Indeed, there is strong evidence that numbers were created before writing. The number "1", dating back at least 20,000 years, was found as a counting symbol on a bone. The famous statement by the German mathematician Leopold Kronecker (1823-1891), "God…
Descriptors: Numbers, Mathematics, History, Philosophy
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Garik, Peter; Benétreau-Dupin, Yann – Science & Education, 2014
This is an editorial report on the outcomes of an international conference sponsored by a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) (REESE-1205273) to the School of Education at Boston University and the Center for Philosophy and History of Science at Boston University for a conference titled: "How Can the History and Philosophy of…
Descriptors: Conferences (Gatherings), International Programs, Science History, Philosophy
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Rudge, David Wÿss; Cassidy, David Paul; Fulford, Janice Marie; Howe, Eric Michael – Science & Education, 2014
Numerous empirical studies have provided evidence of the effectiveness of an explicit and reflective approach to the learning of issues associated with the nature of science (NOS) (c.f. Abd-El-Khalick and Lederman in "J Res Sci Teach" 37(10):1057-1095, 2000). This essay reports the results of a mixed-methods association study involving…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Preservice Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Science Education
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Allchin, Douglas – Science & Education, 2014
The prospective virtues of using history and philosophy of science in science teaching have been pronounced for decades. Recently, a role for nature of science in supporting scientific literacy has become widely institutionalized in curriculum standards internationally. This short review addresses these current needs, highlighting the concrete…
Descriptors: Scientific Literacy, Classroom Environment, Scientific Principles, Ideology
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Hofmann, James R. – Science & Education, 2014
Although some creationist objections to evolutionary biology are simplistic and thus are easily refuted, when more technical arguments become widespread it is important for science educators to explain the relevant science in a straightforward manner. An interesting case study is provided by misguided allegations about how cytochrome c data…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Misconceptions, Molecular Structure, Evolution
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Kipnis, Nahum – Science & Education, 2014
This paper is the first part of a three-part project "How the principle of energy conservation evolved between 1842 and 1870: the view of a participant". This paper aims at showing how the new ideas of Mayer and Joule were received, what constituted the new theory in the period under study, and how it was supported experimentally. A…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Energy Conservation, Thermodynamics, Theories
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Woodcock, Brian A. – Science & Education, 2014
"The Scientific Method" as it has been portrayed in popular and introductory contexts has been declared a myth. The variation that one finds in introductory presentations of "The Scientific Method" is explained by the fact that there is no canonical account among historians and philosophers of science. What, in particular, is…
Descriptors: Scientific Methodology, Science Education, Misconceptions, Teaching Methods
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Ricketts, Amy – Science & Education, 2014
With the goal of producing scientifically literate citizens who are able to make informed decisions and reason critically when science intersects with their everyday lives, the National Research Council (NRC) has produced two recent documents that call for a new approach to K-12 science education that is based on scientific practices, crosscutting…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Science Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Science
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Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis; Schulz, Roland – Science & Education, 2014
The unique contributions of romanticism and romantic science have been generally ignored or undervalued in history and philosophy of science studies and science education. Although more recent research in history of science has come to delineate the value of both topics for the development of modern science, their merit for the educational field…
Descriptors: Romanticism, Science Instruction, Science History, World History
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de Berg, Kevin – Science & Education, 2014
Both Lavoisier and Priestley were committed to the role of experiment and observation in their chemistry practice. According to Lavoisier the physical sciences embody three important ingredients; facts, ideas, and language, and Priestley would not have disagreed with this. Ideas had to be consistent with the facts generated from experiment and…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, Science Experiments, Physical Sciences
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Juuti, Kalle – Science & Education, 2014
The goal of this paper is to study the question of whether a phenomenological view of the Earth could be empirically endorsed. The phenomenological way of thinking considers the Earth as a material entity, but not as an object as viewed in science. In the learning science tradition, tracking the process of the conceptual change of the shape of the…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Earth Science, Phenomenology, Astronomy
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Karam, Ricardo; Coimbra, Debora; Pietrocola, Maurício – Science & Education, 2014
Due to its fundamental role for the consolidation of Maxwell's equations, the displacement current is one of the most important topics of any introductory course on electromagnetism. Moreover, this episode is widely used by historians and philosophers of science as a case study to investigate several issues (e.g. the theory-experiment…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Equations (Mathematics), Scientific Concepts, Comparative Analysis
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