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Showing 151 to 165 of 823 results Save | Export
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Sandoval, William A.; Redman, Elizabeth H. – Science & Education, 2015
Practicing scientists' views of science recently have become a topic of interest to nature of science researchers. Using an interview protocol developed by Carey and Smith that assumes respondents' views cohere into a single belief system, we asked 15 research chemists to discuss their views of theories and experimentation. Respondents expressed a…
Descriptors: Scientists, Scientific Attitudes, Science Process Skills, Scientific Methodology
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Fouad, Khadija E.; Masters, Heidi; Akerson, Valarie L. – Science & Education, 2015
Science lessons using inquiry only or history of science with inquiry were used for explicit reflective nature of science (NOS) instruction for second-, third-, and fourth-grade students randomly assigned to receive one of the treatments. Students in both groups improved in their understanding of creative NOS, tentative NOS, empirical NOS, and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Elementary School Students, Science Instruction, Inquiry
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Bagdonas, Alexandre; Silva, Cibelle Celestino – Science & Education, 2015
Educators advocate that science education can help the development of more responsible worldviews when students learn not only scientific concepts, but also about science, or "nature of science". Cosmology can help the formation of worldviews because this topic is embedded in socio-cultural and religious issues. Indeed, during the Cold…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Scientific Principles, Religion, Science Education
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Richmond, Marsha L. – Science & Education, 2015
After the rediscovery of Mendel's laws of heredity in 1900, the biologists who began studying heredity, variation, and evolution using the new Mendelian methodology--performing controlled hybrid crosses and statistically analyzing progeny to note the factorial basis of characters--made great progress. By 1910, the validity of Mendelism was…
Descriptors: Females, Heredity, Genetics, Biology
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Stamhuis, Ida H. – Science & Education, 2015
Eleven years before the "rediscovery" in 1900 of Mendel's work, Hugo De Vries published his theory of heredity. He expected his theory to become a big success, but it was not well-received. To find supporting evidence for this theory De Vries started an extensive research program. Because of the parallels of his ideas with the…
Descriptors: Genetics, Scientific Concepts, Scientific Literacy, Scientific Principles
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El-Hani, Charbel N. – Science & Education, 2015
School science descriptions about Mendel and his story are problematic because several statements that are controversial among historians of science are repeated over and over again as if they were established facts. Another problem is the neglect of other scientists working on inheritance in the second half of the nineteenth century, including…
Descriptors: Genetics, Science Education History, Intellectual History, Publications
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Allen, Garland E. – Science & Education, 2015
Science textbooks and classes mostly emphasize what are considered by today's standards the "right" or "correct" interpretations of particular phenomena or processes. When "incorrect" ideas of the past are mentioned at all, it is simply to point out their errors, with little attention as to why the ideas were put…
Descriptors: Genetics, Evolution, Scientists, Scientific Methodology
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Gillham, Nicholas W. – Science & Education, 2015
Francis Galton, Charles Darwin's cousin, had wide and varied interests. They ranged from exploration and travel writing to fingerprinting and the weather. After reading Darwin's "On the Origin of Species," Galton reached the conclusion that it should be possible to improve the human stock through selective breeding, as was the…
Descriptors: Heredity, Genetics, Recognition (Achievement), Scientists
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Numbers, Ronald L. – Science & Education, 2015
In histories of twentieth-century Darwinism few developments loom larger than the turn-of-the-century rediscovery of Gregor Mendel's genetic research and the later application of Mendelian principles in constructing so-called Neo-Darwinism. Virtually unknown is the equally enthusiastic embrace of Mendel by antievolutionists, who as early as…
Descriptors: Creationism, Genetics, Scientific Methodology, Scientific Research
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Smith, Mike U.; Gericke, Niklas M. – Science & Education, 2015
Mendel is an icon in the history of genetics and part of our common culture and modern biology instruction. The aim of this paper is to summarize the place of Mendel in the modern biology classroom. In the present article we will identify key issues that make Mendel relevant in the classroom today. First, we recount some of the historical…
Descriptors: Genetics, Biology, Controversial Issues (Course Content), Science Instruction
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Orel, Vítezslav; Peaslee, Margaret H. – Science & Education, 2015
This historical narrative describes the foundation of education as established by J. A. Comenius (1592-1670). It explores the transfer of Comenius' tenets, utilized and modified through the years, up to their impact upon the ground-breaking experiments of G. Mendel (1822-1884), "the father of genetics". It explores the questions of…
Descriptors: Genetics, Scientific Concepts, Scientific Literacy, Scientific Methodology
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Campanile, Megan F.; Lederman, Norman G.; Kampourakis, Kostas – Science & Education, 2015
The purpose of this study was to analyze seven widely used high school biology textbooks in order to assess the nature of science knowledge (NOS) and scientific inquiry (SI) aspects they, explicitly or implicitly, conveyed in the Mendelian genetics sections. Textbook excerpts that directly and/or fully matched our statements about NOS and SI were…
Descriptors: Genetics, Science Education, Science Education History, High Schools
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Kragh, Helge – Science & Education, 2015
For more than a century the notion of a pre-established harmony between the mathematical and physical sciences has played an important role not only in the rhetoric of mathematicians and theoretical physicists, but also as a doctrine guiding much of their research. Strongly mathematized branches of physics, such as the vortex theory of atoms…
Descriptors: Mathematics, Physics, Physical Sciences, Interdisciplinary Approach
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Redish, Edward F.; Kuo, Eric – Science & Education, 2015
Mathematics is a critical part of much scientific research. Physics in particular weaves math extensively into its instruction beginning in high school. Despite much research on the learning of both physics and math, the problem of how to effectively include math in physics in a way that reaches most students remains unsolved. In this paper, we…
Descriptors: Physics, Epistemology, Science Education, Educational Research
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Brush, Stephen G. – Science & Education, 2015
In a famous 1960 paper, Wigner discussed "The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences." I suggest that the effectiveness of mathematics in producing successful new theories and surprising discoveries is even more unreasonable than Wigner claimed. In this paper, I present several historical case studies to…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Case Studies, Natural Sciences, Scientific Concepts
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