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Bruguière, Catherine; Perru, Olivier; Charles, Frédéric – Science & Education, 2018

The article examines a number of links between the metaphorical uses of the concept of metamorphosis in literature and the various changes of the meaning of the concept that took place at the beginning of the modern scientific age between the 17th and 19th centuries, a period during which the notion of metamorphosis resurfaced in conflict with…

Descriptors: Figurative Language, Scientific Concepts, Teaching Methods, Science Instruction

Lessl, Thomas – Science & Education, 2018

Scientific inquiry is both theoretical and empirical. It succeeds by bringing thought into productive harmony with the observable universe, and thus, students can attain a robust understanding of the nature of science (NOS) only by developing a balanced appreciation of both these dimensions. In this article, I examine naïve empiricism, a teaching…

Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Religion, Conflict, Scientific Research

King, Heather; Achiam, Marianne – Science & Education, 2017

Fundamental knowledge of natural history is lacking in many western societies, as demonstrated by its absence in school science curricula. And yet, to meet local and global challenges such as environmental degradation, biodiversity loss and climate change, we need to better understand the living and non-living parts of the natural world. Many have…

Descriptors: History, Epistemology, Logical Thinking, Science Education

Machado, Juliana; Braga, Marco Antônio Barbosa – Science & Education, 2016

A characterization of the modelling process in science is proposed for science education, based on Mario Bunge's ideas about the construction of models in science. Galileo's "Dialogues" are analysed as a potentially fruitful starting point to implement strategies aimed at modelling in the classroom in the light of that proposal. It is…

Descriptors: History, Science Instruction, Epistemology, Science Education

Zudini, Verena; Zuccheri, Luciana – Science & Education, 2016

A study of the interactions between mathematics and cognitive science, carried out within a historical perspective, is important for a better understanding of mathematics education in the present. This is evident when analysing the contribution made by the epistemological theories of Ernst Mach. On the basis of such theories, a didactic method was…

Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Education, Cognitive Science, Theories

Kragh, Helge – Science & Education, 2015

For more than a century the notion of a pre-established harmony between the mathematical and physical sciences has played an important role not only in the rhetoric of mathematicians and theoretical physicists, but also as a doctrine guiding much of their research. Strongly mathematized branches of physics, such as the vortex theory of atoms…

Descriptors: Mathematics, Physics, Physical Sciences, Interdisciplinary Approach

Archila, Pablo Antonio – Science & Education, 2015

This article describes the effect of a teaching-learning sequence (TLS) based on the discovery of oxygen in promoting students' argumentation. It examines the written and oral arguments produced by 63 high school students (24 females and 39 males, 16-17 years old) in France during a complete TLS supervised by the same teacher. The data used in…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Persuasive Discourse, High School Students, Written Language

Croft, Michael; de Berg, Kevin – Science & Education, 2014

This paper selects six key alternative conceptions identified in the literature on student understandings of chemical bonding and illustrates how a historical analysis and a textbook analysis can inform these conceptions and lead to recommendations for improving the teaching and learning of chemical bonding at the secondary school level. The…

Descriptors: Secondary School Science, Secondary School Students, Scientific Concepts, Comprehension

Allen, G. Donald – Science & Education, 2014

In human history, the origin of the numbers came from definite practical needs. Indeed, there is strong evidence that numbers were created before writing. The number "1", dating back at least 20,000 years, was found as a counting symbol on a bone. The famous statement by the German mathematician Leopold Kronecker (1823-1891), "God…

Descriptors: Numbers, Mathematics, History, Philosophy

Paul, Diane B. – Science & Education, 2014

Although it is often taken for granted that eugenics is odious, exactly what makes it so is far from obvious. The existence of considerable interpretative flexibility is evident in the disparate policy lessons for contemporary reproductive genetics (or "reprogenetics") that have been derived from essentially the same set of historical…

Descriptors: Genetics, Selection, Moral Values, Moral Issues

Mosvold, Reidar; Jakobsen, Arne; Jankvist, Uffe Thomas – Science & Education, 2014

In this theoretical article, we aim at theorizing the old statement that mathematics teachers might profit from studying the history of mathematics. We do this by drawing upon the theoretical framework of mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT). A selection of international studies on the history and pedagogy of mathematics is used as starting…

Descriptors: Mathematics Teachers, History, Theories, Knowledge Base for Teaching

Barnett, Janet Heine; Lodder, Jerry; Pengelley, David – Science & Education, 2014

We analyze our method of teaching with primary historical sources within the context of theoretical frameworks for the role of history in teaching mathematics developed by Barbin, Fried, Jahnke, Jankvist, and Kjeldsen and Blomhøj, and more generally from the perspective of Sfard's theory of learning as communication. We present case studies…

Descriptors: Primary Sources, Mathematics, History, Mathematics Instruction

Taani, Osama – Science & Education, 2014

In this paper, I discuss one of the most distinguishing features of Jamshid al-Kashi's pedagogy from his "Key to Arithmetic", a well-known Arabic mathematics textbook from the fifteenth century. This feature is the multiple paths that he includes to find a desired result. In the first section light is shed on al-Kashi's life…

Descriptors: Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Textbooks, Astronomy

Papadopoulos, Ioannis – Science & Education, 2014

This paper describes a classroom experiment where students use techniques found in the history of mathematics to learn about an important mathematical idea. More precisely, sixth graders in a primary school follow Archimedes's method of exhaustion in order to compute the number p. Working in a computer environment, students inscribe and…

Descriptors: History, Grade 6, Elementary School Science, Computer Uses in Education

Kjeldsen, Tinne Hoff; Petersen, Pernille Hviid – Science & Education, 2014

In this paper we present a matrix-organised implementation of an experimental course in the history of the concept of a function. The course was implemented in a Danish high school. One of the aims was to bridge history of mathematics with the teaching and learning of mathematics. The course was designed using the theoretical frameworks of a…

Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics, History, Mathematical Concepts