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Talanquer, Vicente – Science & Education, 2013
Studies of the philosophy of chemistry over the past 15 years suggest that chemistry is a hybrid science which mixes scientific pursuits with technological applications. Dominant universal characterizations of the nature of science thus fail to capture the essence of the discipline. The central goal of this position paper is to encourage…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Educational Quality, Science Education, Science Curriculum
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Bedford, Daniel; Cook, John – Science & Education, 2013
Agnotology is a term that has been used to describe the study of ignorance and its cultural production (Proctor in "Agnotology: the making and unmaking of ignorance." Stanford University Press, Stanford, 2008). For issues that are contentious in the societal realm, though largely not in the scientific realm, such as human evolution or…
Descriptors: Climate, Science Instruction, Misconceptions, Science and Society
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Hodge, Jonathan – Science & Education, 2013
This essay is an interpretation of Charles Darwin's "Origin of Species". It focuses on the contents of the "Origin" as Darwin intended them to be understood and the background to the work, thus revealing the originality (or otherwise) of the work.
Descriptors: Evolution, Books, Science History
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Bunge, Mario – Science & Education, 2012
It is argued that the correct answer to the three questions in the title is "no": that the theses being denied derive from traditional philosophy, not from the way the quantum theories are used. For example, the calculation of the energy spectrum of an atom assumes the autonomous existence of the atom, rather than its dependence upon the observer.…
Descriptors: Physics, Quantum Mechanics, Science Education, Theories
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Slezak, Peter – Science & Education, 2012
Bunge's writings on the mind-body problem provide a rigorous, analytical antidote to the persistent anti-materialist tendency that has characterized the history of philosophy and science. Bunge gives special attention to dualism and its shortcomings, and this attention is welcome in view of the resurgence of the doctrine today. However, I focus my…
Descriptors: Philosophy, Sciences, Scientific Enterprise, Scientific Principles
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Sharma, Ajay – Science & Education, 2012
Despite a near universal consensus among scientists regarding the perils of climate change for human civilizations, climate change has not emerged as a key issue among science educators. This position paper advocates for the centrality of climate change in science education. Using Polanyi's critique of market in capitalist societies, it positions…
Descriptors: Position Papers, Climate, Science Education, Social Change
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Finocchiaro, Maurice A. – Science & Education, 2011
Galileo's telescopic discoveries of 1609-1612 provided a crucial, although not conclusive, confirmation of the Copernican hypothesis of the earth's motion. In Galileo's approach, the Copernican Revolution required that the geokinetic hypothesis be supported not only with new theoretical arguments but also with new observational evidence; that it…
Descriptors: Catholics, Conflict, Cultural Influences, Science Process Skills
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Howard, Don – Science & Education, 2009
This paper asks what is necessary in a theory of science adequate to the task of empowering philosophers of science to participate in public debate about science in a social context. It is argued that an adequate theory of science must be capable of theorizing the role of values and motives in science and that it must take seriously the…
Descriptors: Social Environment, Epistemology, Scientific Principles, Values
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Reisch, George – Science & Education, 2009
In responding to critics and reviewers of my book, "How the Cold War Transformed Philosophy of Science," I attempt to identify some misleading conventional wisdom about the place of values in philosophy of science and then offer three distinct ways in which philosophers of science can engage their work with ongoing social and political currents.
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, War, Philosophy, Values
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Lawson, Anton E. – Science & Education, 2009
Allchin (2006) has misinterpreted a classic case of hypothetico-deductive (HD) science in terms of his preferred "let's-gather-some-data-and-see-what-emerges" view. The misrepresentation concerns the research program of Peter and Rosemary Grant on Darwin's finches. The present essay argues that the Grants' research is HD in nature and includes a…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Grants, Science Education, Animals
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Zeyer, Albert – Science & Education, 2009
This is a comment on the article "An Essay for Educators: Epistemological Realism Really is Common Sense" written by Cobern and Loving in "Science & Education." The skillful analysis of the two authors concerning the problematic role of scientism in school science is fully appreciated, as is their diagnosis that it is scientism not universal…
Descriptors: Realism, Science Teachers, Science Instruction, Scientific Principles
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Uebel, Thomas – Science & Education, 2009
This paper comments on Reisch's book "How the Cold War Transformed Philosophy of Science." Overall supportive of Reisch's project and perspective, it raises certain points where the data appear inconclusive and either provides additional support or briefly explores some interpretative alternatives.
Descriptors: Philosophy, Sciences, Logical Thinking, Politics
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Edgar, Scott – Science & Education, 2009
This paper considers George A. Reisch's account of the role of Cold War political forces in shaping the apolitical stance that came to dominate philosophy of science in the late 1940s and 1950s. It argues that at least as early as the 1930s, Logical Empiricists such as Rudolf Carnap already held that philosophy of science could not properly have…
Descriptors: Philosophy, Sciences, Politics, Logical Thinking
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Stump, David J. – Science & Education, 2009
This paper considers several models of politically engaged philosophy with the aim of provoking discussion of George Reisch's "How the Cold War Transformed Philosophy of Science." At issue is the Unity of Science movement's conception of the philosophy of science in particular and what politically engaged philosophy of science might look…
Descriptors: Science History, Philosophy, Sciences, Politics
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Borenstein, Jason – Science & Education, 2008
Debates concerning how the issue of human life's origins should be handled within the confines of American public schools still continue. In order to mitigate the impact that evolution has on students, some school boards and state legislatures have recommended that stickers voicing a disclaimer about evolution be placed in biology textbooks. Even…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Biology, Public Education, Public Schools
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