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Pignatelli, Frank – Schools: Studies in Education, 2012
A system of accountability in public schools predicated upon standardized testing accompanied by high-stakes consequences for leaders, as well as teachers and students, has posed a daunting challenge to educational leaders who align themselves with core tenets of progressive education. This essay explores what it might mean--and take--to stay true…
Descriptors: Accountability, Values, Standardized Tests, Educational Change
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Wallenstein, Roger – Schools: Studies in Education, 2012
The focus of the achievement gap seems to be less about racial and ethnic distinctions and more about disparities in socioeconomic status. Students from affluent and secure backgrounds have a running head start on students mired in poverty. Few young people in the United States live in more challenging conditions than the children of the eastern…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Standardized Tests, Elementary School Students
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Pignatelli, Frank – Schools: Studies in Education, 2010
In this essay I examine what it could mean to act courageously in the midst of the troubling, disabling degree of standardization taking hold in schools. What does it take to express what I call "everyday courage"? First, there are no guarantees that one's good work will produce the outcomes one desires and is committed to realizing. I call this…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Academic Standards, Standardized Tests, Creativity