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Webb, Leland F.; Sherrill, James M. – School Science and Mathematics, 1974
Results of a 10-item mathematical word problem test taken by 80 preservice elementary teachers showed that those receiving accurate pictures accompanying each problem scored significantly higher than both those receiving no pictures and those having inaccurate diagrams; the "no picture" group scored significantly higher than the "inaccurate…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Instruction, Mathematics Education, Problem Solving
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Wollman, Warren; Karplus, Robert – School Science and Mathematics, 1974
A total of 450 seventh and eighth graders responded to six tasks requiring proportional reasoning and representing different degrees of concreteness. Results showed that more students answered questions correctly when concrete aspects existed, and that about one-fourth of the group was unpredictable in applying proportional reasoning at the formal…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 7, Grade 8, Instruction
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Newport, John F. – School Science and Mathematics, 1974
Fourteen science educators were asked to list the criteria they believed could be used in differentiating between process- and content-centered objectives, and to classify forty statements as being process-centered, content-centered, both, or not an instructional objective. Results showed a lack of agreement in classification among the…
Descriptors: Instruction, Objectives, Research, Science Education
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Okey, James R. – School Science and Mathematics, 1974
This study's main purpose was to determine the effects a mastery teaching strategy would have on pupil achievement. A total of 21 teachers participated; results are reported for the subgroup of third and fourth grade teachers (n=5). Achievement of pupils favored the mastery group for each of the teachers. (DT)
Descriptors: Achievement, Instruction, Learning, Mastery Learning
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Austin, Joe Dan; Austin, Kathleen A. – School Science and Mathematics, 1974
Students from two junior high school mathematics classes were assigned either to a treatment in which every homework problem was graded or to one in which a random half of the problems were graded. There were not significant differences between treatment groups on achievement after a six-week period. (JP)
Descriptors: Achievement, Homework, Instruction, Research
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Uprichard, A. Edward; Collura, Carolyn – School Science and Mathematics, 1977
The goal was to help 7- and 8-year olds develop computational skills in addition and subtraction. Experimental groups received instruction emphasizing mathematical structure while control groups worked on drill activities. Results showed that emphasizing structure facilitated the development of number concepts, place value, and computational…
Descriptors: Addition, Basic Skills, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics
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Peck, Donald M.; Jencks, Stanley M. – School Science and Mathematics, 1976
First graders at three different schools were individually interviewed to determine their understanding of missing addend problems. Details of the interview are provided. Behaviors separating successful from unsuccessful students, students' number conservation ability, and the abstractness of missing-number problems are discussed. (DT)
Descriptors: Addition, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Instruction
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Linville, William J. – School Science and Mathematics, 1976
An experiment was performed to determine the effects of syntax complexity and vocabulary difficulty of problem statements on the ability of students to solve them. It was concluded that these variables do have an effect on students' performance, especially in cases of students with low general ability or reading problems. (SD)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Instruction, Mathematical Vocabulary
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Pinker, Aron – School Science and Mathematics, 1976
In a pilot study of college students' understanding of mathematical induction, the author asked 2,320 students and 152 faculty members to determine whether eight statements were true or false. The difficulty of the statements was analyzed for subgroups of the population. (SD)
Descriptors: College Mathematics, Higher Education, Induction, Instruction
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Fehlen, Joan E. – School Science and Mathematics, 1976
An investigation of the effectiveness of a mathematics course for preservice elementary teachers showed that the use of mastery learning principles in a traditional classroom setting can be effective. (SD)
Descriptors: Competency Based Teacher Education, Course Organization, Elementary School Teachers, Higher Education
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Griggs, Shirley A. – School Science and Mathematics, 1976
An experimental program was designed to raise mathematics achievement of socially and emotionally handicapped boys between the ages of 10 and 15. The program used a laboratory approach and resulted in significant test score gains. (SD)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Emotional Disturbances, Experiential Learning, Experimental Programs
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Dodd, Carol A.; And Others – School Science and Mathematics, 1975
This study compares the effectiveness of two methods of training preservice elementary teachers to diagnose and treat students' arithmetical errors. (SD)
Descriptors: Basic Skills, Diagnostic Teaching, Educational Diagnosis, Elementary Education
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Nordland, Floyd H.; And Others – School Science and Mathematics, 1975
Students in a high school biology course were assigned to an audio-tutorial instruction group or a group classroom situation for a three-week instructional unit. For each group scores on a unit test were correlated with scores on standardized tests. (SD)
Descriptors: Audiovisual Instruction, Biology, Individualized Instruction, Instruction
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Reys, Robert E.; Grouws, Douglas A. – School Science and Mathematics, 1975
Students in grades 4, 6, and 8 were interviewed using whole-number division problems, some involving division of zero by a positive whole number and some involving division by zero. Results and classroom implications are discussed. (SD)
Descriptors: Division, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Instruction
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Mason, Jack Lee – School Science and Mathematics, 1980
Forty-three references concerning research on field trips are cited and annotated. References are grouped into four categories: college, secondary, elementary, and other. (MK)
Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Career Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Environmental Education
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