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Ross, John A.; Scott, Garth; Bruce, Catherine D. – School Science and Mathematics, 2012
Recent research demonstrates that in many countries gender differences in mathematics achievement have virtually disappeared. Expectancy-value theory and social cognition theory both predict that if gender differences in achievement have declined there should be a similar decline in gender differences in self-beliefs. Extant literature is…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Failure, Mathematics Achievement, Social Cognition
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Shanahan, Marie-Claire; Pedretti, Erminia; DeCoito, Isha; Baker, Lindsay – School Science and Mathematics, 2011
This paper describes a subset of results from a large-scale two-year independent evaluation study conducted with the "Scientists in School" (SiS) outreach program and two large school boards in Ontario, Canada. Specifically, it explores the responses of elementary students (n= 811) from typically underrepresented groups in science…
Descriptors: Role Models, Females, Outreach Programs, Career Choice
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Sibbald, Tim – School Science and Mathematics, 2009
This article addresses a gap in the literature by developing a theory that bridges lesson study and self-efficacy. Since self-efficacy has been linked to student achievement, the theory is important as an explanatory mechanism linking lesson study to student achievement. The theory was developed using grounded theory based on primary source data…
Descriptors: Teacher Improvement, Teacher Collaboration, Self Efficacy, Grounded Theory
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Ross, John A.; Xu, YunMei; Ford, John – School Science and Mathematics, 2008
Previous research (e.g., Woodward & Baxter, 1997) found that Standards-based mathematics teaching provides marginal or no benefits for low achievers, in contrast with positive effects for middle and high ability students. A randomized quasi-experiment in 52 Canadian schools found that low achieving grade 7 and 8 students who received support…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Educational Research, Low Achievement, Grade 7
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Barrett, Sarah Elizabeth; Pedretti, Erminia – School Science and Mathematics, 2006
Over the last 20 years, science-technology-society-environment education (STSE) education has been advocated as a way to advance scientific literacy. However, STSE education represents a broad range of ideologies and orientations. The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast two different science curricula through a case study approach.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Social Change, Ideology, Case Method (Teaching Technique)
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Ercikan, Kadriye; McCreith, Tanya; Lapointe, Vanessa – School Science and Mathematics, 2005
This article reports results of an exploratory study examining factors that might be associated with achievement in mathematics and participation in advanced mathematics courses in Canada, Norway, and the United States of America (USA). These factors, which were not directly related to schooling accounted for large degrees of variability, 24% to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Attitudes, Family Environment, Gender Differences
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Griffiths, Alan K.; Barry, Maurice – School Science and Mathematics, 1993
Randomly selected high school seniors (n=32) were interviewed to assess their understanding of the nature of science. Views held by 10% or more of the students are reported in the categories of general views, scientific facts, scientific theories, and scientific laws. Reports how students differentiate between scientific facts, laws, and theories.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, High Schools, Interviews
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Ebenezer, Jazlin V.; Zoller, Uri – School Science and Mathematics, 1993
Compared the science attitudes of tenth-grade students from British Columbia, Canada, in 1986 with those from tenth-grade students in 1989 after a three-year science-technology-society instructional period. No positive change in students' attitudes toward science was registered. (13 references) (MDH)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Career Awareness, Computer Uses in Education, Conservation (Environment)
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Griffiths, Alan K.; Barman, Charles R. – School Science and Mathematics, 1995
Interviews of (n=96) high school students from Canada, the United States, and Australia on their views of scientific facts, theories, and laws revealed two relatively vague views of the nature of science, with American students holding to a mechanistic, traditional scientific method. (15 references) (Author/MKR)
Descriptors: Beliefs, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, High School Students
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Giesbrecht, Edwin – School Science and Mathematics, 1980
The study examines Saskatchewan high school students' achievement of selected mathematical competencies. Results indicate statistically significant differences in achievement among some grades, mathematics programs, school enrollment sizes, and between the sexes. Educational implications are outlined. (MK)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Competence, Educational Research, Mathematics