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Larry P v Riles5
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Nakutin, Sarah N.; Gutierrez, Garbriel – School Psychology Review, 2019
Numerous interventions have been identified as evidence-based practices for educating students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Physical activity (PA) has recently been recognized as an evidence-based practice to decrease maladaptive behaviors and increase desired behaviors. Exercise has been found to increase academic engagement in students…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Learner Engagement, Executive Function, Autism
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Fergus, Edward – School Psychology Review, 2018
The current policy terrain is primed for schools to absorb new discipline strategies and address bias-based beliefs. Over the past 10 years, numerous policy changes regarding discipline have emerged at the federal and state levels. I argue these policy shifts, primarily at the state level, are using two of four value levers (quality, efficiency,…
Descriptors: Role, Discipline Policy, Intervention, Educational Policy
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Thayer, Andrew J.; Cook, Clayton R.; Fiat, Aria E.; Bartlett-Chase, Meghanne N.; Kember, Jessie M. – School Psychology Review, 2018
A promising development in school-based prevention and intervention science is the use of applied social-psychological concepts to improve students' experiences and outcomes in school. Mounting evidence from rigorous studies supports the efficacy of theoretically informed interventions grounded in social psychology, including growth mindset and…
Descriptors: Intervention, At Risk Students, Prevention, Outcomes of Education
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Eisenhower, Abbey; Taylor, Heather; Baker, Bruce L. – School Psychology Review, 2016
Starting Strong in Kindergarten (Starting Strong) is a school-based indicated prevention targeting behavior problems, student-teacher relationships, and parent-school connectedness for children with or at risk for disruptive behavior problems during the transition to kindergarten. By use of a block-randomized, controlled trial to test program…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Prevention, Transitional Programs, Behavior Problems
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Dowdy, Erin; Harrell-Williams, Leigh; Dever, Bridget V.; Furlong, Michael J.; Moore, Stephanie; Raines, Tara; Kamphaus, Randy W. – School Psychology Review, 2016
Increasingly, schools are implementing school-based screening for risk of behavioral and emotional problems; hence, foundational evidence supporting the predictive validity of screening instruments is important to assess. This study examined the predictive validity of the Behavior Assessment System for Children-2 Behavioral and Emotional Screening…
Descriptors: High School Students, Measurement Techniques, Screening Tests, Behavior Problems
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Knight-Teague, Kerri; Vanderwood, Michael L.; Knight, Erin – School Psychology Review, 2014
Oral reading fluency is frequently used in school settings to assess student reading skills, but it is somewhat commonly believed that some students can read words fluently while not comprehending (i.e., word callers). Previous studies examining the prevalence of word callers typically included native English speakers rather than English learners…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Grade 3, Grade 5, Oral Reading
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Gutiierrez, Gabriel; Vanderwood, Mike L. – School Psychology Review, 2013
The literacy growth of 260 second-grade English learners (ELs) with varying degrees of English language proficiency (e.g., Beginning, Early Intermediate, Intermediate, Early Advanced and Advanced English language proficiency) was assessed with English literacy skill assessments. Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills measures were…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Spanish Speaking
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Shekhtmeyster, Zhanna; Sharkey, Jill; You, Sukkyung – School Psychology Review, 2011
Substance use among adolescents is a complex problem and an ongoing concern. Literature has identified a critical need to understand the role that schools can play in preventing adolescent substance use. Adopting an ecological perspective, we used multigroup logistic regression to determine the influence of school support and school meaningful…
Descriptors: Adolescents, School Support, Grade 11, Grade 9
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Brown, Eric C.; Low, Sabina; Smith, Brian H.; Haggerty, Kevin P. – School Psychology Review, 2011
This study reports the outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of Steps to Respect: A Bullying Prevention Program conducted in 33 California elementary schools. Schools were matched on school demographic characteristics and assigned randomly to intervention or waitlisted control conditions. Outcome measures were obtained from (a) all school…
Descriptors: Intervention, Bullying, Prevention, Outcomes of Education
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Condas, Joanne – School Psychology Review, 1980
This article questions the appropriateness of having self appointed specialists (the plaintiffs dictate to others (the school system) how to conduct their responsibilities, particularly with respect to providing children with the option of choosing to enroll in special educable mentally retarded programs. (CTM)
Descriptors: Ability Identification, Alternative Assessment, Black Students, Court Litigation
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Bersoff, Donald N. – School Psychology Review, 1980
This article presents the background, the history, and the implications of the Larry P. v Riles decisions in 1972 and in 1979 in which a federal district court enjoined California from using any standardized intelligence tests to assess Black children for eligibility for classes of educable mentally retarded. (Author/CTM)
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Ability Identification, Black Students, Court Litigation
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Reschly, Daniel J. – School Psychology Review, 1980
The analysis in this article is directed to the basic issues: Are IQ tests biased against Black children? And are IQ tests valid for the placement of Black children in special programs? The research evidence on these major issues is ambiguous and contradictory. (Author/CTM)
Descriptors: Ability Identification, Black Students, Court Litigation, Elementary Secondary Education
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MacMillan, Donald L.; Meyers, C. Edward – School Psychology Review, 1980
The Larry P. decision is criticized with reference to: (1) predictive tests and the standard curriculum; (2) the court's portrayal of special classes; (3) the effects of the 1972 decision on special class enrollment; (4) semantic confusion; and (5) the impact on Black children who experience academic difficulty. (Author/CTM)
Descriptors: Ability Identification, Black Students, Compensatory Education, Court Litigation
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Madden, Palmer Brown – School Psychology Review, 1980
This article addresses the question of why intelligence tests were put on trial. The courts had to weigh the validity of intelligence tests once California chose to rely upon intelligence tests to justify the large numbers of Black children in classes for the educable mentally retarded. (Author/CTM)
Descriptors: Ability Identification, Black Students, Court Litigation, Cultural Influences