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Tholin, Jörgen – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
In Swedish compulsory school, students can choose to study a modern language in addition to English, i.e., French, Spanish, or German. Since 1994, instruction time for modern languages has been extended, the learning objectives have been made more attainable, and national assessment materials have been introduced. The government made these changes…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), French
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Hardy, Ian; Rönnerman, Karin – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
This article investigates the implementation of the "förstelärare" or "First teacher" reform in Sweden. We draw upon the insights of a superintendent, union official, principal, three First teachers, and two of their colleagues in one school, and recent literature on career development reform. We employ Michael Fullan's…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Faculty Development
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Šupule, Inese; Søholt, Susanne – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
Rural depopulation, decreasing numbers of children, and general centralization, combined with high expectations for education, are factors that challenge rural communities and school structures in both Latvia and Norway. The aim of this article is to compare the role of the municipality and other levels of governance in making decisions on school…
Descriptors: Rural Areas, Municipalities, Comparative Analysis, Public Officials
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Erixon Arreman, Inger; Dovemark, Marianne – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Under a recent national curriculum reform in Sweden within a highly decentralised, competitive, and marketised education system, access to post-16 education is restricted. In this study, we map and analyse the early onset of new preparatory programmes. We draw on interviews with local politicians and school staff in six different municipalities,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Social Justice, Interviews, School Statistics
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Erikson, Josefina – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2017
The 1991, Swedish upper secondary school reform presents internationally an unusual case of the far-reaching integration of academic and vocational programmes. It has often been claimed that late tracking, such as characterizes this reform, helps to reduce inequalities between different social classes. This article addresses the question of how…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Secondary Education, Educational Policy
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Wermke, Wieland; Forsberg, Eva – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2017
This article discusses teacher autonomy in the case of the Swedish teaching profession since the 1980s. It is argued that deregulation, decentralization, and marketization reforms of the 1990s have indeed increased teacher autonomy, but in some respects also led to a increase of complexity in the Swedish school system. In order to handle this…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Professional Autonomy, Teaching (Occupation), Educational Change
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Imsen, Gunn; Blossing, Ulf; Moos, Lejf – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2017
The Nordic Education Model was an important part of the social democratic welfare state for many years in the second half of the 20th century. Since the millennium, transnational agencies have drawn education from the realm of politics into a global market place by advocating strategies such as efficiency, competition, decentralisation, governing…
Descriptors: Models, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Efficiency
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Parding, Karolina; Liljegren, Andreas – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2017
Auditing, accountability, and transparency are concepts that greatly impact the working conditions of today's public sector professionals, including teachers. Documentation requirements have been on the increase for some time, which can be seen in the education sector's Individual Development Plans (IDPs), for example. These IDPs are pedagogical…
Descriptors: Individual Development, Governance, Individualized Programs, Accountability
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Garthus-Niegel, Kristian; Oppedal, Brit; Vike, Halvard – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2016
Education has continuously been regarded as a vital tool in Norwegian policymakers' immigrant integration agendas. This study analyzes semantic structures substantiating the policy language of historical Norwegian immigrant education policies from their inception in 1973 until today (2013). The analysis is framed by Kronenfeld's linguistic…
Descriptors: Semantics, Social Systems, Foreign Countries, Immigrants
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Strandler, Ola – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2016
Despite uncertainties regarding the effects of outcome-focused reforms on teaching practices, the political confidence in the potential of such reforms to create educational change remains high. This article problematizes the assumption that two such Swedish reforms (grades and national tests in younger years) can function as an impetus for…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Outcomes of Education, Teaching Methods, Equal Education
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Prøitz, Tine Sophie – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2015
Learning outcomes can be considered to be a key concept in a changing education policy landscape, enhancing aspects such as benchmarking and competition. Issues relating to concepts of performance have a long history of debate within the field of education. Today, the concept of learning outcomes has become central in education policy development,…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Policy, Educational Change, Budgets
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Rönnberg, Linda – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2014
This paper analyses the political motives that underlie the increased educational control exercised by reinstalling and reinforcing school inspection during the periods of 2001-2003 and 2006-2008. These periods cover both social democratic and non-socialist governments, with different parties in office. The paper draws on an approach to scrutinize…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Inspection, Audits (Verification), Educational Policy
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Krumsvik, Rune Johan – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2014
This position paper focuses on how the new national curriculum for school and the new general plan for teacher education in Norway change the underlying premises for teaching and learning in today's teacher education. This has become particularly pressing as a result of the new educational reform "Knowledge Promotion" in schools, whereby…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Educator Education, Teacher Educators, Teacher Competencies
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Elgstrom, Ole; Hellstenius, Mats – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2010
In 2004, history was introduced by a Parliamentary decision as a new core subject in the Swedish upper secondary school system. This event constituted a major break--history now became a compulsory subject for all upper secondary school students after having been subject to a continually diminishing number of teaching hours ever since 1945. This…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Core Curriculum, Educational Development, Compulsory Education
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Carlgren, Ingrid; Klette, Kirsti – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2008
This article deals with the question of how the restructuring of educational systems in Nordic countries affects teachers' working conditions. It is based on results from the project "Restructuring in Education: Reform policy and teacher professionalism in different Nordic contexts" in which the construction of the "New…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Foreign Countries, Teaching Conditions, Teaching Experience
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