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McIntosh, James – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
This article examines whether the way that PISA models item outcomes in mathematics affects the validity of its country rankings. As an alternative to PISA methodology a two-parameter model is applied to PISA mathematics item data from Canada and Finland for the year 2012. In the estimation procedure item difficulty and dispersion parameters are…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Hopfenbeck, Therese N.; Lenkeit, Jenny; El Masri, Yasmine; Cantrell, Kate; Ryan, Jeanne; Baird, Jo-Anne – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
International large-scale assessments are on the rise, with the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) seen by many as having strategic prominence in education policy debates. The present article reviews PISA-related English-language peer-reviewed articles from the programme's first cycle in 2000 to its most current in 2015. Five…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Põder, Kaire; Lauri, Triin; Veski, Andre – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2017
We indicate the size of family background effects in Sweden, Finland, and Estonia--countries that differ in both the rhetoric and extensiveness of the system-level school choice policies. Family background effect is defined as the dependence of student achievement on family background characteristics, such as parental education, income, and social…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Family Characteristics