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Luukka, Emilia – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
Although the number of studies on literature in language education has increased in the past two decades, the subject is still in need of empirical research. This case study examines literary texts, their selection, frequency, and functions in Finnish general upper-secondary English as a Foreign Language (EFL) education. The data was collected…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Pietarinen, Janne; Pyhältö, Kirsi; Soini, Tiina – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
This study aims to gain a better understanding of the Finnish national curriculum reform by examining how the educational practitioners, at the district level, orchestrate the shared sense-making concerning the reform work in their school districts. Qualitative focus group data was collected from 12 groups, throughout Finland, that were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Curriculum Development, National Curriculum, School Districts
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McIntosh, James – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
This article examines whether the way that PISA models item outcomes in mathematics affects the validity of its country rankings. As an alternative to PISA methodology a two-parameter model is applied to PISA mathematics item data from Canada and Finland for the year 2012. In the estimation procedure item difficulty and dispersion parameters are…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Rutkowski, Leslie; Rutkowski, David – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Over time international large-scale assessments have grown in terms of number of studies, cycles, and participating countries, many of which are a heterogeneous mix of economies, languages, cultures, and geography. This heterogeneity has meaningful consequences for comparably measuring both achievement and non-achievement constructs, such as…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Virtanen, T. E.; Lerkkanen, M.-K.; Poikkeus, A.-M.; Kuorelahti, M. – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Self-ratings of behavioural engagement, cognitive engagement and school burnout were used in person-centred analyses to identify latent profiles among 2,485 Finnish lower-secondary school students. Three profiles were identified: high-engagement/low-burnout (40.6% of the sample), average-engagement/average-burnout (53.9%), and…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Burnout, Academic Achievement, Secondary School Students
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Alemanji, Aminkeng Atabong; Mafi, Boby – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
In doing antiracism education there is a risk that it can in effect reinforce the very racialisation it is supposed to fight against. This paradox becomes a formidable challenge given the ubiquity of race in contemporary ways of knowing and ways of being for both its subjects and its objects: more so in an era of "racism without race," a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Workshops, Multicultural Education, Racial Attitudes
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Sulkunen, Sari; Malin, Antero – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between reading literacy and age in an adult population aged 25 to 65 in Nordic countries using PIAAC 2012 data. More specifically, the study examined to what extent variations in the literacy proficiency of adults are explained by age and the recentness of qualifications when…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Literacy, Age Differences, Educational Attainment
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Li, Shupin; Hietajärvi, Lauri; Palonen, Tuire; Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Hakkarainen, Kai – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2017
The purpose of the study was to assess adolescents' participation in various socio-digital activities by using a self-report questionnaire, a social networking questionnaire, and interviews. The participants (n = 253) were grade 6-9 students from a multicultural lower-secondary school in Finland. Three profiles of socio-digital participation were…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Questionnaires, Friendship, Gender Differences
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Põder, Kaire; Lauri, Triin; Veski, Andre – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2017
We indicate the size of family background effects in Sweden, Finland, and Estonia--countries that differ in both the rhetoric and extensiveness of the system-level school choice policies. Family background effect is defined as the dependence of student achievement on family background characteristics, such as parental education, income, and social…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Family Characteristics
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Ning, Bo; Van Damme, Jan; Gielen, Sarah; Vanlaar, Gudrun; Van den Noortgate, Wim – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2016
Finland and Shanghai are strong performers in the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). The current study explored the similarities and differences in educational effectiveness between these 2 strong performers. To this end, 14 predictors representing student background and school process characteristics were selected from the PISA…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Achievement, Comparative Education, Instructional Effectiveness
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Arffman, Inga – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2016
Open-ended (OE) items are widely used to gather data on student performance in international achievement studies. However, several factors may threaten validity when using such items. This study examined Finnish coders' opinions about threats to validity when coding responses to OE items in the PISA 2012 problem-solving test. A total of 6…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Thuneberg, Helena; Hautamäki, Jarkko; Hotulainen, Risto – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2015
The relationships between reasoning and school achievement were studied taking into account the multilevel nature (school- and class-levels) of the data. We gathered data from 51 classes at seven schools in metropolitan and Eastern Finland (N = 769, 395 males, 15-year-old students). To study scientific reasoning, we used a modified version of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Process Skills, Abstract Reasoning, Academic Achievement
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Palmgren-Neuvonen, Laura; Jaakkola, Maarit; Korkeamäki, Riitta-Liisa – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2015
This article reports a case study on sChOOLtv, an online television for primary and secondary schools that aims to bridge the media gap between in-school and out-of-school learning environments. Contrary to its creators' expectations, the number of published videos has not increased since its establishment. Furthermore, the videos were mostly…
Descriptors: Elementary Schools, Secondary Schools, Educational Technology, Educational Media
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Ahonen, Arto Kalevi; Kinnunen, Päivi – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2015
Frameworks of twenty-first century skills have attained a central role in school development and curriculum changes all over the world. There is a common understanding of the need for meta-skills such as problem solving, reasoning, collaboration, and self-regulation. This article presents results from a Finnish study, in which 718 school pupils…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Student Attitudes
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Reimer, David; Dorf, Hans – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2014
Against the background of differing admission selectivity, structure, and status of teacher education in Denmark and Finland, we analyze the extent to which beginning teacher education students differ with respect to previous educational pathways, socio-demographic characteristics, academic self-concepts, and occupational motivations. In both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Recruitment, Teacher Education, Cultural Differences
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