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Frost, Jørgen; Ottem, Ernst; Snow, Catherine E.; Hagtvet, Bente E.; Lyster, Solveig Alma Helaas; White, Claire – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2014
Two ways of measuring change are presented and compared: A conventional "change score", defined as the difference between scores before and after an interim period, and a process-oriented approach focusing on detailed analysis of conceptually defined response patterns. The validity of the two approaches was investigated. Vocabulary…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Scores, Knowledge Level, Vocabulary Development
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Drugli, May Britt; Hjemdal, Odin – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2013
The validity of the Student-Teacher Relationship Scale (STRS) was examined in a national sample of 863 Norwegian schoolchildren in grades 1-7 (aged 6-13). The original factor structure of the STRS was tested by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The CFA results did not support the original three-factor structure of the STRS. Subsequent CFA of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Student Relationship, Rating Scales, Elementary School Students
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Kempe, Camilla; Eriksson-Gustavsson, Anna-Lena; Samuelsson, Stefan – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2011
The Matthew effect is often used as a metaphor to describe a widening gap between good and poor readers over time. In this study we examined the development of individual differences in reading and cognitive functioning in children with reading difficulties and normal readers from Grades 1 to 3. Matthew effects were observed for individual…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Ability, Achievement Gap, Cognitive Development
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Magi, Katrin; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena; Kikas, Eve – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2010
The aim of the present study was to investigate children's achievement goal orientations and their relations to math achievement in the primary grades. The sample consisted of 179 children who were in the 2nd and 3rd grades during the first measurement and in the 3rd and 4th grades during the second measurement. Children's self-ratings were…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Followup Studies, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Raty, Hannu; Kasanen, Kati; Kiiskinen, Johanna; Nykky, Merja; Atjonen, Paivi – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2004
The ways boys and girls (N = 119) at different grade levels rated and explained their potential for improvement in mathematics and the mother tongue were compared in order to examine their subject-specific notions of the malleability of their academic ability. The findings indicate that children perceive their potential to improve their…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis