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Hofslundsengen, Hilde; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Hagtvet, Bente Eriksen – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
This study aimed to enhance our knowledge of the constituent variables affecting invented writing skills in 5-year-olds by investigating the concurrent relationships among home literacy, underlying language skills, and invented writing. The study comprised 111 Norwegian-speaking children (mean age: 5.7 years; 58 girls) and their parents. The…
Descriptors: Family Literacy, Family Environment, Language Skills, Preschool Children
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Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Blömeke, Sigrid – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The aim is to describe the development of achievement in compulsory school in the Nordic countries from the 1960s. The study relies on published results concerning literacy and numeracy from the international large-scale assessments between 1964 and 2012. Among others, the following conclusions are drawn: (1) for most countries, a small but…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Compulsory Education, Educational Development, Educational Trends
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Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Yang Hansen, Kajsa – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The main aim of this study was to investigate the development of the correlation between family education and student achievement in Sweden, which previous research has found to be stable, in spite of increasing school segregation and widening differences in levels of achievement between schools. Based on register data for populations of graduates…
Descriptors: Educational History, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Correlation
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Klem, Marianne; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Hagtvet, Bente – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2015
The Norwegian government recommends a systematic language assessment of all four-year-olds as part of the general health surveillance program for the purpose of identifying children at risk of language delay. This study aimed to investigate the construct validity of the recommended language screening tool called LANGUAGE4 [SPRÅK4] by first…
Descriptors: Norwegian, Language Skills, Construct Validity, Language Tests
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Hansson, Ase; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2013
Socioeconomic status (SES) is often used as control variable when relations between academic outcomes and students' migrational background are investigated. When measuring SES, indicators used must have the same meaning across groups. This study aims to examine the measurement invariance of SES, using data from TIMSS, 2003. The study shows that a…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Error of Measurement, Immigrants, Outcomes of Education
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Hansen, Kajsa Yang; Rosen, Monica; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2011
This study examines the changes in educational inequality at the school- and individual-levels in 1991 and 2001. Comparisons are made between the IEA Reading Literacy Study 1991 and the so called 10-Year Trend Study in PIRLS 2001. The between-school differences in reading achievement variance and the size of the relationship between SES and…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Socioeconomic Status, Structural Equation Models, Reading Achievement
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Holfve-Sabel, Mary-Anne; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2005
Pupils' responses in Grade 6 to a 40-item questionnaire originally constructed to reveal different school attitudes were re-analysed using recently developed techniques for latent variable analysis of two-level data. One aim was to test a model for investigation of classroom environment and another aim was to compare exploratory factor analysis…
Descriptors: Grade 6, School Attitudes, Classroom Environment, Student Attitudes
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Gustafsson, Jan-Eric – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1977
A study investigating interactions between imagery instructions and aptitude variables is presented. A group of 7 fifth-grade classes was given imagery instructions in the reading of a short text, while another group read the text in a regular way. Three different outcomes covering different types of learning were registered. (Editor)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Aptitude Treatment Interaction, Educational Research, Educational Testing
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Gustafsson, Jan-Eric – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1975
This article attempted to show that the research on teaching methods has been built on assumptions of additivity not only in practice but also at the meta-theoretical level and some implications of the acknowledging of interactions were taken up. (Author/RK)
Descriptors: Educational Experiments, Educational Research, Educational Theories, Interaction
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Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; And Others – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1992
The dimensional structure of the 6 subtests of the Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test was investigated using data from 10 versions of the test administered to approximately 50,000 examinees in 1984-88. The best alternative appeared to be a model with two orthogonal factors. (SLD)
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, College Applicants, College Entrance Examinations, Factor Structure
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Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Holmberg, Lena M. – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1992
To determine whether or not there are systematic differences in the psychometric properties of items in the vocabulary test of the Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test, data from test administrations from 1984 through 1988 (over 50,000 students) were analyzed. The systematic relationships between word characteristics and psychometric properties are…
Descriptors: Adults, College Entrance Examinations, Foreign Countries, Higher Education