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Giota, Joanna; Lundborg, Olof; Emanuelsson, Ingemar – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2009
The present study aims to describe the extent and forms (integrated versus segregated) of special education support offered to pupils in comprehensive schools in Sweden over a period of 29 years and to study relations between support, background variables and goal attainment in Grade 9. The study is based on about 35,000 children born in 1972,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 9, Special Education, Integrated Services
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Emanuelsson, Ingemar; Svensson, Allan – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1990
Using data from the Swedish Individual Statistics Project, changes in intelligence among 13-year olds are documented over a 25-year period. The average spatial and reasoning intelligence has risen successively. A clear increase is found for verbal intelligence in the 1960s, with more irregular growth since then. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Change, Educational Trends, Foreign Countries
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Emanuelsson, Ingemar; And Others – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1993
Changes in verbal, spatial, and reasoning intelligence among Swedish 13-year olds were studied from 1960 to 1990. Rising verbal scores until 1980 have been followed by a decline to essentially the 1960 level. Spatial and reasoning results have risen continuously. Gender and social class differences are discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Change, Comparative Analysis, Educational Trends
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Emanuelsson, Ingemar; Fischbein, Siv – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1986
Sex differences in achievement test results and school marks are reviewed. Research shows a pattern that girls earn more in marks in relation to test results than boys. By using available Swedish data from two longitudinal research projects, one of them including boy-girl twins, the pattern is confirmed. (Author/LMO)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Females
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Emanuelsson, Ingemar; Svensson, Allan – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1986
Changes in intelligence among Swedish 13-year-olds during a 20-year period was studied. Results show: (1) the average of spatial and reasoning intelligence has risen; (2) verbal intelligence increased during the 1960s, but declined thereafter; and (3) by the 1980s girls surpassed in verbal ability and equalled in spatial ability. (Author/LMO)
Descriptors: Analysis of Variance, Educational Trends, Foreign Countries, Grade 6