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Baghaei, Purya; Ravand, Hamdollah – SAGE Open, 2019
In many reading comprehension tests, different test formats are employed. Two commonly used test formats to measure reading comprehension are sustained passages followed by some questions and cloze items. Individual differences in handling test format peculiarities could constitute a source of score variance. In this study, a bifactor Rasch model…
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, Test Bias, Individual Differences, Difficulty Level
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Xie, Qing; Chen, Jie – SAGE Open, 2019
This study investigates the communication and learning needs of Master of Business Administration (MBA) business English students and their perceptions of effective curriculum design. The research instruments are two-stage surveys of 99 MBA students from a public university in China. The results of the study show that English is not extensively…
Descriptors: Masters Programs, Business Administration Education, Curriculum Design, English (Second Language)
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Lenchuk, Iryna; Ahmed, Amer – SAGE Open, 2019
The study focuses on the strategies English as a foreign language (EFL) learners choose to take on in requests without evaluating them against the norm of a native speaker, as the concept of native speaker is ideologically problematic in the time of super-diversity. The study uses cultural scripts proposed in the field of cross-cultural pragmatics…
Descriptors: Speech Acts, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Ahmadi Shirazi, Masoumeh – SAGE Open, 2019
Threats to construct validity should be reduced to a minimum. If true, sources of bias, namely raters, items, tests as well as gender, age, race, language background, culture, and socio-economic status need to be spotted and removed. This study investigates raters' experience, language background, and the choice of essay prompt as potential…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Language Tests, Test Bias, Essay Tests
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Yaacob, Aizan; Shapii, Aspalila; Saad Alobaisy, Ayman; Al-Rahmi, Waleed Mugahed; Al-Dheleai, Yahya M.; Yahaya, Noraffandy; Alamri, Mahdi M. – SAGE Open, 2019
This study is dedicated to the research of vocabulary learning strategies (VLSs) employed by a group of Saudi Arabian learners in an EFL (English as a foreign language) context. The rationale for the study is to clarify a pronounced lack of research on the EFL context in Saudi Schools Abroad (SSA), and a dearth of prior research into VLSs in this…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Learning Strategies, Secondary School Students, English (Second Language)
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Rassouli, Aman; Osam, Necdet – SAGE Open, 2019
After four decades of anti-intrusion policies of the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) against the English language, the time has come to evaluate their success rates and to study the status of this language in Iran. This study has thus investigated the status of the English language in Iran on two levels: one concerning the state's policies and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, English Instruction, English (Second Language), Government Publications
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Ismail, Sadiq Abdulwahed Ahmed; Al Allaq, Khayal – SAGE Open, 2019
Cooperative learning and differentiated instruction have recently attracted a lot of attention as they are considered by educators and teachers to play significant roles in motivating learners and promoting interactive learning. The present study aims to examine English teachers' views about the effectiveness of the practice of cooperative…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Individualized Instruction, English Instruction, English Teachers
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He, Tung-hsien – SAGE Open, 2019
This study employed a mixed-design approach and the Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (MFRM) framework to investigate whether rater bias occurred between the onscreen scoring (OSS) mode and the paper-based scoring (PBS) mode. Nine human raters analytically marked scanned scripts and paper scripts using a six-category (i.e., six-criterion) rating…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Scoring, Item Response Theory, Essays
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Liu, Hong – SAGE Open, 2019
This study investigates language attitudes held by Chinese-English bilinguals toward two types of switching to English in mandarin Chinese discourse, that is, intraclausal and interclausal switching. Participants with varying degrees of English proficiency were sampled from four cities in mainland China and one oversea city, London. A variation of…
Descriptors: Code Switching (Language), English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Social Desirability
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Zhang, Xiaodong – SAGE Open, 2019
This case study explores how English-as-a-foreign language (EFL) learners reconstructed their writing beliefs when exposed to a systemic functional linguistics (SFL)--based writing curriculum. The study was conducted through qualitative content analyses of four EFL students' interviews, journal entries, teacher/peer feedback, as well as their…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language)
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Adriosh, Mohamed; Razi, Özge – SAGE Open, 2019
There has been an increasing interest in the topic of code switching (CS) for the past two decades. This ethnographic exploratory study uncovers the status quo of classroom CS in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classrooms in Libyan universities. It aims to investigate how EFL teachers code-switch to facilitate teaching/learning process. Six…
Descriptors: Code Switching (Language), Undergraduate Students, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries
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Masrai, Ahmed – SAGE Open, 2019
The association between vocabulary knowledge and reading comprehension has been extensively researched. However, modeling the contribution of vocabulary knowledge within different frequency ranges to second language (L2) learners' reading comprehension is an underexplored area. Thus, the present study examines the degree to which high-, mid-, and…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Reading Comprehension, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language)
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Kralova, Zdena; Tirpakova, Anna – SAGE Open, 2019
The current study aims to fill the gap in the current literature by focusing on the wide scale of nonnative English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers' perceptions and opinions in the specific context of a post-Communist country. It focuses on the link between five demographic variables (age, the length of English language study, English…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Teachers, Teacher Attitudes
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Dincer, Ali; Yesilyurt, Savas; Noels, Kimberly A.; Vargas Lascano, Dayuma I. – SAGE Open, 2019
This study examines the antecedents and outcomes of classroom engagement of 412 Turkish English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners. Grounded in self-determination theory and the self-system model of motivation, this mixed-methods study examined the relations between context (perceived autonomy-support from the instructor), self (basic…
Descriptors: Self Determination, Learner Engagement, English Language Learners, Teacher Student Relationship
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Liao, Hung-Chang; Li, Yi-Chang; Wang, Ya-huei – SAGE Open, 2019
The study proposed an optimal cooperative learning grouping technique to facilitate medical university students' English learning process, considering their complementary competencies. A quasi-experimental design was adopted to evaluate the feasibility of using the grouping technique. TOEIC (Test of English for International Communication) pretest…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cooperative Learning, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Medical Students
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