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Baghaei, Purya; Ravand, Hamdollah – SAGE Open, 2019
In many reading comprehension tests, different test formats are employed. Two commonly used test formats to measure reading comprehension are sustained passages followed by some questions and cloze items. Individual differences in handling test format peculiarities could constitute a source of score variance. In this study, a bifactor Rasch model…
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, Test Bias, Individual Differences, Difficulty Level
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Rassouli, Aman; Osam, Necdet – SAGE Open, 2019
After four decades of anti-intrusion policies of the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) against the English language, the time has come to evaluate their success rates and to study the status of this language in Iran. This study has thus investigated the status of the English language in Iran on two levels: one concerning the state's policies and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, English Instruction, English (Second Language), Government Publications
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Derakhshan, Ali; Shakki, Farzaneh – SAGE Open, 2018
It is also hypothesized that proficiency level may have a voice with respect to learning styles. Therefore, to throw light on this issue, the present investigation targeted the relationship between Iranian English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners' learning styles and their levels of proficiency at Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran. To this…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language), College Students
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Janebi Enayat, Mostafa; Amirian, Seyed Mohammad Reza; Zareian, Gholamreza; Ghaniabadi, Saeed – SAGE Open, 2018
This study investigates the correlations between the three measures of written receptive vocabulary size and second language (L2) depth of vocabulary knowledge to find the most reliable test of vocabulary size. Moreover, the corresponding relationship is examined for the higher and lower word-frequency bands of the three tests to find whether the…
Descriptors: Receptive Language, Language Tests, Vocabulary Development, Second Language Learning
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Fazilatfar, Ali M.; Elhambakhsh, S. E.; Allami, Hamid – SAGE Open, 2018
Plagiarism in ESL and EFL learning contexts has become a topic engaging many researchers in a hot debate in recent years. Comparisons of student-generated texts with their source texts have shown that students rely amply on source texts in their writings, using copying as a major strategy. The students themselves relate these problems to their…
Descriptors: Citations (References), Plagiarism, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Nafari, Javid; Arab, Alireza; Ghaffari, Sina – SAGE Open, 2017
This study seeks to investigate and understand why and how Iranian higher education students choose to study overseas. After critically analyzing the international student mobility literature, the important factors are distilled. Then, by using Fuzzy-Delphi Method (FDM), 15 factors are selected from the 21 factors initially selected by reviewing…
Descriptors: Study Abroad, Student Motivation, College Students, Student Attitudes
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Eshghinejad, Shahrzad; Moini, M. Raouf – SAGE Open, 2016
One aspect of short message service (SMS) communication through a cell phone is use of politeness strategies. As it is extensively argued that females are more polite language users, the present study sought to describe the strategies used by these two groups and to find out whether there is any significant difference between male and female…
Descriptors: Computer Mediated Communication, Prosocial Behavior, Power Structure, Teacher Student Relationship
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Danesh, Tayebeh; Farvardin, Mohammad Taghi – SAGE Open, 2016
This quasi-experimental study examined the effects of different glossing conditions on English as a foreign language (EFL) learners' vocabulary recall. To this end, five glossing conditions were adopted (i.e., inference-gloss-gloss, gloss-retrieval-gloss, inference-gloss-retrieval-gloss, gloss-retrieval-gloss-retrieval, and full glossing). The…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Vocabulary Development
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Shahghasemi, Ehsan; Akhavan, Manijeh – SAGE Open, 2015
Academic plagiarism exists in all academic spheres, but contextual factors determine the level, intensity, and forms of it. Over the last few years, the phenomenon of "Ghost Authorship" has become widespread in Iran, and concerns have been expressed regarding this issue, not only by academicians but also by officials. In this study, 143…
Descriptors: Plagiarism, Authors, Student Attitudes, Writing (Composition)
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Mohammadi, Mojtaba; Birjandi, Parviz; Maftoon, Parviz – SAGE Open, 2015
This study examines the impact of teaching learning strategies on learners' beliefs about language learning and reading comprehension ability. Participants were 78 university freshmen studying English language teaching, translation, and literature. They were divided into two groups. The experimental group received a number of learning strategies…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Freshmen, Learning Strategies, Language Attitudes
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Rahimirad, Maryam; Moini, Mohammad Raouf – SAGE Open, 2015
Academic listening skill is an indispensable necessity for English for academic purposes (EAP) students in English-medium universities and also critical for their future success in comprehending conference lectures. But due to the specific nature of such academic lectures, nonnative students all too often face challenges in getting a full command…
Descriptors: English for Academic Purposes, Listening Comprehension, Control Groups, Experimental Groups