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Andersen, Lori; Cross, Tracy L. – Roeper Review, 2014
Expectancy-value motivation profiles were identified in a sample of US ninth-grade students in 2009 (n = 19,259) using latent profile analysis. Of four distinct profiles, two were high, one typical, and one low in math and in science. In each area, the two high profiles were distinguished by (1) high self-efficacy with lower utility value and (2)…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, High Achievement, Mathematical Aptitude, Motivation
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Rinn, Anne N.; Reynolds, Marilyn J. – Roeper Review, 2012
Gifted children and adolescents can display behavioral characteristics similar to those exhibited by children and adolescents who have been diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), leading to potential issues with misdiagnosis. The overlapping characteristics between giftedness and ADHD are often seen as anecdotal or to only…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Adolescents, Children, Student Behavior
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Shechtman, Zipora; Silektor, Anat – Roeper Review, 2012
This study, conducted in Israel, examined the social and emotional difficulties of gifted children, in comparison with nongifted children. The gifted children were further compared in two educational settings: segregated classes and pull-out programs. The 974 participants were from the fifth to twelfth grades. The dependent variables included…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Foreign Countries, Empathy, Interpersonal Competence
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French, Lisa R.; Walker, Cheryl L.; Shore, Bruce M. – Roeper Review, 2011
Gifted students' preference to work alone is widely espoused, but studies vary widely in their explanations. We re-examined this notion in terms of motivation and social constructivism among 247 school-identified gifted and high-achieving and regular-education students in Grades 4 through 12. Survey data assessed learning style, interests,…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Cognitive Style, Student Attitudes, Academically Gifted
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Tirri, Kirsi – Roeper Review, 2011
In this article the current empirical research on morality and giftedness is reviewed with an emphasis on moral sensitivity. The component of moral judgment has been the most studied aspect in morality. Although high-ability students have been shown to be superior in moral judgment when compared to average-ability students, morality includes other…
Descriptors: Ethical Instruction, Test Results, Academically Gifted, Moral Values
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Cho, Seokhee; Lin, Chia-Yi – Roeper Review, 2011
Predictive relationships among perceived family processes, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, incremental beliefs about intelligence, confidence in intelligence, and creative problem-solving practices in mathematics and science were examined. Participants were 733 scientifically talented Korean students in fourth through twelfth grades as well as…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Incentives, Talent, Motivation