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Review of Higher Education824
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Neumann, Anna – Review of Higher Education, 1989
The thinking, or "strategy," that underlies presidential behavior was examined. Presidential strategy has become more complex and it focuses more on shaping organizational members' perceptions and attitudes. Changes in presidential strategy may result from changes in the environment or in the presidents themselves as they learn on the…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Administrator Attitudes, Administrator Responsibility, College Presidents
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Tierney, William G. – Review of Higher Education, 1989
Leadership is discussed from the perspective of post-secondary organizations as socially constructed and subjective entities. Six symbolic categories used by presidents are examined: metaphorical, physical, communicative, structural, personification, and ideational. Implications for administrators of understanding the symbolism of their leadership…
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Administrator Attitudes, College Environment, College Presidents
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Chaffee, Ellen Earle – Review of Higher Education, 1989
Four studies of leadership reach different conclusions, all apparently consistent with the experiences of practitioners. The themes of functionalism and culturalism in the study of organizations are illuminated and the usefulness of research using multiple points of view to examine a limited number of cases is suggested. (Author/MLW)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, College Environment, College Presidents, Comparative Analysis
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DiCroce, Deborah M. – Review of Higher Education, 1989
Three publications on the community college that focus on questions of scope, delivery, and quality are discussed: "The Neglected Majority" (Dale Parnell), "Access and Excellence: The Open-Door College" (John E. Roueche, George A. Baker, III), and "The Collegiate Function of Community Colleges" (Arthur M. Cohen,…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Access to Education, College Curriculum, College Role
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Lincoln, Yvonna S.; Guba, Egon G. – Review of Higher Education, 1989
The metaphysical assumptions undergirding conventional (positivist) approaches to research in the social sciences provide a warrant both for deceptive research and for objectifying human research participants. The present status of ethical guidelines for inquiry are reviewed. Special ethical problems typical of naturalistic inquiry are outlined.…
Descriptors: Confidentiality, Ethics, Higher Education, Legal Responsibility
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Adelman, Clifford – Review of Higher Education, 1989
The conflict between immediacy and accuracy in data-gathering and analysis is discussed. The case of the Postsecondary Transcript Sample (PETS) of the National Longitudinal Study is used to illustrate the particulars of this conflict and their resolution on the side of accuracy. (Author/MLW)
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Data Collection, Databases, Educational Improvement
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Pederson, Tom – Review of Higher Education, 1989
An overview of the historical traditions presented by Bruce Kimball in his "Orators and Philosophers: A History of the Idea of Liberal Education" is presented. The significance of the structure of the Catholic and other Christian churches in perpetuating the ideal and reality of a liberal arts education is discussed. (Author/MLW)
Descriptors: Catholics, Christianity, Educational History, General Education
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Vaughan, George B.; Templin, Robert G., Jr. – Review of Higher Education, 1987
The usefulness of the value-added model in assessing community college effectiveness, especially for nontraditional students and programs, is examined. A case study in which community college students beginning with low academic qualifications transferred into a university shows that they performed well compared to students starting at the…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Community Colleges, Higher Education, Measurement Techniques
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Leslie, David W. – Review of Higher Education, 1987
The academic common law may soon vanish, not as a result of court action but due to the American Association of University Professors's declining role in defending the common law of academic employment. The profession is challenged to maintain its independence from external control by reconsidering its own common law. (Author/MLW)
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Collective Bargaining, College Faculty, Court Litigation
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Thelin, John R. – Review of Higher Education, 1987
Five recent books about Southern universities that shed light on the problem of writing official histories and on the evolution of higher education in this region are reviewed. A collective profile of the "Southern university" is sketched. (Author/MLW)
Descriptors: Book Reviews, Educational History, Higher Education, Institutional Environment
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McGee, Gail W.; Ford, Robert C. – Review of Higher Education, 1987
The effects of work environment factors on faculty research productivity and turnover intentions were examined while controlling for prestige of the employing institution, disciplinary area, and academic rank. Available resources had a significant positive effect on research productivity. (Author/MLW)
Descriptors: Academic Rank (Professional), College Administration, College Environment, College Faculty
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Twombly, Susan B.; Moore, Kathryn M. – Review of Higher Education, 1987
Job search activities of two-year college administrators were studied based on Granovetter's findings. Attention was paid to the importance of personal contacts versus formal sources of information and methods of becoming a candidate, factors that influence contact networks, and whether job-search behavior differed by type of administrative…
Descriptors: Administrators, Career Change, College Administration, Community Colleges
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Silverman, Robert J. – Review of Higher Education, 1987
The relationship between the content of higher education literature and the articles' structures was examined. Eight core journals were analyzed and articles were coded according to a modified Higher Education Bibliography Taxonomy prepared by D. Kent Halstead. Article types are described. (MLW)
Descriptors: Archives, Bibliometrics, College Faculty, Faculty Publishing
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Murdock, Tullisse A. – Review of Higher Education, 1987
A meta-analysis of 31 studies found financial aid to have a small, but significant, positive effect on student persistence, enabling lower-income students to persist at a rate roughly equal to that of middle- and upper-income students. (Author/MLW)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, College Students, Colleges, Comparative Analysis
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Mitchell, Brad L. – Review of Higher Education, 1987
The recent increased emphasis on quality in higher education may reflect larger issues of legitimacy and authority inherent in the modern democratic state. Several traditional and emergent perspectives on the legitimacy of higher education and the use of ad hoc committees to define, advocate, and implement reforms are examined. (Author/MLW)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Blue Ribbon Commissions, Committees, Democracy
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