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Iran-Nejad, Asghar – Research in the Schools, 1994
Compares and contrasts piecemeal and whole-theme approaches to learning and teaching, considering the implications of simplifying learning tasks through isolation. Concludes that a whole-theme approach can enable educators to rethink existing ways of going about learning and teaching, and can lead to organizing learning environments in a radically…
Descriptors: Coherence, Educational Environment, Educational Practices, Global Approach
Ross, Steven M.; Smith, Lana J.; Nunnery, John; Douzenis, Cordelia; Trentham, Landa L.; McLean, James E. – Research in the Schools, 1994
As part of the legal defense in an educational-disparity court case in Alabama, school resources and conditions and teacher and principal attitudes were studied in 45 school districts. Findings from all sources show disparities favoring wealthy schools on about 84% of the variables examined. Research impact on the trial is discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Court Litigation, Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Finance
Stanley, Paula Helen; Purkey, William Watson – Research in the Schools, 1994
The relationship between invitational education and student self-concept-as-learner was studied with 175 students in the seventh grade and again in the ninth grade. Self-concept-as-learner scores did not decline over this two-year period as predicted on the basis of other studies for students who participated in invitational education, a set of…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Followup Studies, Grade 7, Grade 9
Moon, Soo-Back; Byun, Chang-Jin; McLean, James E.; Kaufman, Alan S. – Research in the Schools, 1994
Korean children (n=440) aged 2.5 to 12.5 years were tested with the Korean version of the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC) (A. Kaufman and N. Kaufman, 1983) to see if these children demonstrated a profile similar to that of Japanese children. Korean children scored higher on the Sequential Scale than Japanese children, and had a…
Descriptors: Children, Cultural Differences, Intelligence Tests, Mathematics Instruction
Johnson, William L.; Johnson, Annabel M. – Research in the Schools, 1994
A total of 1,311 administrators, teachers, staff, and students from an elementary, a junior high, and two high school campuses in a large school district completed the Charles F. Kettering School Climate Profile. Primary and secondary principal components analysis suggested subscales different from those given for the Kettering instrument. (SLD)
Descriptors: Administrators, Educational Environment, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education
DeMoulin, Donald F. – Research in the Schools, 1994
Examines First Amendment rights of students and illustrates points of contention and conflict as educators try to cope with interpretations that seem to be diametrically opposed, as are those of the Tinker v. Des Moines Independent School District and the Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeir court cases. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Conflict, Court Litigation, Discipline Policy
Johnson, Colleen Cook; Rakow, Ernest A. – Research in the Schools, 1994
This research is an empirical study, through Monte Carlo simulation, of the effects of violations of the assumptions for the oneway fixed-effects analysis of variance (ANOVA) and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Research reaffirms findings of previous studies that suggest that ANOVA and ANCOVA be avoided when group sizes are not equal. (SLD)
Descriptors: Analysis of Covariance, Analysis of Variance, Monte Carlo Methods, Sample Size
Kim, Jwa K. – Research in the Schools, 1994
Effects of item parameters on ability estimation were investigated through Monte Carlo studies using the Expected-A-Posteriori estimation. Results show a significant effect of item discriminating parameter on standard error of ability estimation. As the discriminating parameter increases, the standard error decreases. (SLD)
Descriptors: Ability, Error of Measurement, Estimation (Mathematics), Item Response Theory
Barnette, J. Jackson; Walsh, Jackie A.; Orletsky, Sandra R.; Sattes, Beth D. – Research in the Schools, 1995
The Appalachia Educational Laboratory designed and implemented a long-term staff development program to increase and sustain teacher knowledge of and use of classroom questioning techniques to produce higher levels of student learning. Evaluations from 41 middle and secondary schools establishing the effectiveness of this program are reported .…
Descriptors: Intermediate Grades, Middle Schools, Program Effectiveness, Questioning Techniques
Gonzalez, Jose J.; Hynd, George W. – Research in the Schools, 1995
When children with Attention-Deficit Disorder (ADD) with and without hyperactivity (total n=28) were compared for behavior, results differentiate the two ADD subtypes into a more externalizing dimension (ADD-hyperactivity with and without conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder) at school or home and a more internalizing disorder (ADD…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Behavior Disorders, Children, Hyperactivity
Schipull, Douglas W.; Reeves, Carolyn K.; Kazelskis, Richard – Research in the Schools, 1995
Ten dimensions of teacher concern were identified through a factor analysis of 568 inservice teachers' responses to the Teacher Concerns Checklist. Studies of test-retest and alpha coefficient reliability and concurrent validity of these dimensions supported their use in research on teacher concerns. (SLD)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Factor Analysis, Questionnaires, Teacher Attitudes
Kher-Durlabhji, Neelam; Lacina-Gifford, Lorna J.; Carter, Richard B.; Jones, Randall – Research in the Schools, 1995
Attitudes toward high-stakes testing and score enhancement strategies of 4 cohorts of preservice teachers (total n=268) were determined. Findings suggest that preservice teachers can make acceptable judgments about appropriateness for the extremes of score enhancement strategies but are less able to do so in the intermediate range of the continuum…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Ethics, High Stakes Tests, Preservice Teachers
Purkey, William Watson; Strahan, David – Research in the Schools, 1995
Describes Invitational Education theory, illustrates it, and describes its application with seven middle schools. Invitational Education is based on the interrelationships among people, places, policies, processes, and programs. Ways in which the Invitational Education process differs from the usual "factory" approach to education are…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Policy, Educational Theories, Intermediate Grades
Zaharias, Jayne B.; Achilles, C. M.; Cain, Van A. – Research in the Schools, 1995
Whether random or nonrandom assignment to classes provides achievement benefits for students in grades 1 through 3 was studied with students, 499 randomly assigned and 658 not randomly assigned, from the Student/Teacher Achievement Ratio (STAR) study. Results favor random assignment by grade 3 as measured by Stanford Achievement Test and Basic…
Descriptors: Class Organization, Elementary School Students, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Mathematics Achievement
Achilles, C. M.; Harman, Patrick; Egelson, Paula – Research in the Schools, 1995
Beginning in 1991-92, a local school district undertook a concerted effort to reduce class size in grades 1 through 3 to 1:15, the Student/Teacher Achievement Ratio (STAR) Project. Achievement gains and research indicated that class size caused increased achievement and facilitated improved instruction. (SLD)
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Class Size, Instructional Improvement, Outcomes of Education
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