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Anis, Yasmeen; Krause, Jeremy A.; Blum, Emily N. – Research in the Schools, 2016
Mathematics anxiety typically involves apprehension toward activities that require computation, which can lead to complications in every-day-life activities (Ashcraft, 2002). Mathematics anxiety also has become accepted as an issue associated with academic success for both children and adults (Ashcraft, 2002; Ashcraft & Moore, 2009; Beilock,…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Anxiety, Gender Differences
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Forbes, Bethany E.; Skinner, Christopher H.; Maurer, Kristin; Taylor, Emily; Schall, Megan; Cazzell, Samantha; Ciancio, Dennis; Conley, Matt; Conley, Elisha – Research in the Schools, 2015
Working with middle-school students, we replicated and extended research on oral reading fluency (ORF) assessments and prompting students to read faster. Altering ORF administration procedures by instructing students to read fast caused statistically significant increases in their words correct per minute (WCPM) and errors, which was moderated by…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Reading Comprehension, Reading Skills, Middle School Students
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Cotabish, Alicia; Dailey, Deborah; Hughes, Gail D.; Robinson, Ann – Research in the Schools, 2011
In order to increase the quality and quantity of science instruction, elementary teachers must receive professional development in science learning processes. The current study was part of a larger randomized field study of teacher and student learning in science. In two districts in a southern state, researchers randomly assigned teacher…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Faculty Development, Control Groups, Experimental Groups
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Tienken, Christopher H.; Achilles, Charles M. – Research in the Schools, 2009
Class-size reduction (CSR) initiatives have demonstrated positive short- and long-term effects in elementary grades. Less is known about CSR influence on achievement in middle grades. Thus, we conducted a non-experimental, longitudinal, explanatory study of CSR influence on writing achievement of 3 independent cohorts of students (n = 123) in…
Descriptors: Class Size, Writing Achievement, Statistical Analysis, Achievement Gains
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Vuk, Jasna; Morse, David T. – Research in the Schools, 2009
In this study we observed college students' behavior on two self-tailored, multiple-choice exams. Self-tailoring was defined as an option to omit up to five items from being scored on an exam. Participants, 80 undergraduate college students enrolled in two sections of an educational psychology course, statistically significantly improved their…
Descriptors: College Students, Educational Psychology, Academic Achievement, Correlation
Sullivan, Jeremy R. – Research in the Schools, 2001
Summarizes the post-1994 literature in psychology and education regarding statistical significance testing, emphasizing limitations and defenses of statistical testing and alternatives or supplements to statistical significance testing. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Literature Reviews, Psychological Studies, Research Methodology
Thompson, Bruce; Kieffer, Kevin M. – Research in the Schools, 2000
Proposes and illustrates a new method by which "what if" analyses can be conducted using estimated true population effects. Use of these "what if" methods may prevent authors with large sample sizes from overinterpreting their small effects once they see that the small effects would no longer have been statistically significant with only a…
Descriptors: Effect Size, Research Reports, Sample Size, Statistical Significance
McLean, James E., Ed.; Kaufman, Alan S., Ed. – Research in the Schools, 2000
This journal publishes articles that focus on the result of applied educational research, scholarly reviews of research,descriptions of classroom techniques, studies of assessments, and other topics of interest to educational researchers. Issue number 1 of Volume 7 contains these articles: (1) "Predicting First Grade Achievement from…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Art Education, Cooperative Learning, Corporal Punishment
Kaufman, Alan S. – Research in the Schools, 1998
Three articles in this special issue explore issues related to the use and misuse of statistical significance testing, the major methodological issue in current educational research. Comments on these articles and rejoinders by the authors of the first three articles explore additional aspects of statistical significance testing. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Hypothesis Testing, Research Methodology, Statistical Significance
McLean, James E.; Ernest, James M. – Research in the Schools, 1998
Although statistical significance testing as the sole basis for result interpretation is a flawed practice, significance tests can be useful as one of three criteria that must be demonstrated to establish a position empirically. Statistical significance testing provides evidence that an event did not happen by chance but gives no evidence of the…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Hypothesis Testing, Research Methodology, Statistical Significance
Levin, Joel R. – Research in the Schools, 1998
Outlines concerns that must be addressed by those who advocate replacing statistical hypothesis-testing with alternative data-analysis strategies. Suggests that commonly recommended alternatives are not perfect and that various hypothesis-testing modifications can be implemented to make the process and its conclusions more credible. Hypothesis…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Educational Research, Hypothesis Testing, Research Methodology
Nix, Thomas W.; Barnette, J. Jackson – Research in the Schools, 1998
Attempts to clarify the positions of T. Nix and J. Barnette on statistical significance testing, advocates the routine use of effect size, and encourages reporting results in simple terms. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Effect Size, Hypothesis Testing, Research Methodology
Ernest, James M.; McLean, James E. – Research in the Schools, 1998
Discusses commonalities in the papers of this special issue, addresses concerns about errors of omission expressed by T. Knapp, and provides some recommendations for the use of statistical significance testing with requirements for estimates of effect sizes. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Effect Size, Estimation (Mathematics), Hypothesis Testing
Nix, Thomas W.; Barnette, J. Jackson – Research in the Schools, 1998
Reviews null hypothesis statistical significance testing (NHST) in its historical context and concludes that workable alternatives to NHST are available. Among suggested alternatives, effect magnitude measures, replication techniques, and meta-analytic techniques are discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Effect Size, Hypothesis Testing, Meta Analysis
Daniel, Larry G. – Research in the Schools, 1998
Offers a framework for remedying some of the problems associated with the use of statistical significance tests through modifying journal editorial policies. Reviews examples from some journals that have established guidelines for reporting results of statistical significance tests. (SLD)
Descriptors: Editing, Educational Research, Guides, Hypothesis Testing
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