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Ballard, Iva B.; Chappell, Manya; Johnson, Susan; Ngassam, Marlise DePaul – Research in the Schools, 2013
In this study, we explore middle-class parental involvement in summer activities of four elementary students. Many researchers discuss summer programs initiated by institutions, but fail to explain how parents' availability, experiences, and related criteria affect student summer activities. From our interviews, observations, and artifacts, we…
Descriptors: Middle Class, Parent Participation, Summer Programs, Elementary School Students
Slate, John R.; Jones, Craig H.; Turnbough, Rose; Bauschlicher, Lynn – Research in the Schools, 1994
Gender differences in scores on the Metropolitan Achievement Test (secondary students) and Stanford Achievement Test (elementary school students) were studied with 844 white students in Mississippi. Results are consistent with other recent research in which females outperformed males, supporting the contention that gender differences favoring…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Secondary School Students