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Villanueva, Mary Grace; Hand, Brian; Shelley, Mack; Therrien, William – Research in Science Education, 2019
Various inquiry approaches have been promoted in science classrooms as a way for students to engage in, and have a deeper understanding of scientific discourse. However, there is a paucity of empirical evidence to suggest how children's actions and engagement in these approaches, or "practical epistemologies" (Sandoval, Science Education…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Science Instruction, Surveys, Learner Engagement
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Malleus, Elina; Kikas, Eve; Marken, Tiivi – Research in Science Education, 2017
The purpose of this research was to explore children's understandings of everyday, synthetic and scientific concepts to enable a description of how abstract, verbally taught material relates to previous experience-based knowledge and the consistency of understanding about cloud formation. This study examined the conceptual understandings of cloud…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Science Instruction, Kindergarten, Grade 2
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Herrlinger, Simone; Höffler, Tim N.; Opfermann, Maria; Leutner, Detlev – Research in Science Education, 2017
Adding pictures to a text is very common in today's education and might be especially beneficial for elementary school children, whose abilities to read and understand pure text have not yet been fully developed. Our study examined whether adding pictures supports learning of a biology text in fourth grade and whether the text modality (spoken or…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Elementary School Science, Pictorial Stimuli, Teaching Methods
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Seah, Lay Hoon – Research in Science Education, 2016
This study is an attempt to examine the use of linguistic resources by primary science students so as to understand the conceptual and language demands encountered by them when constructing written explanations. The students' written explanations and the instructional language (whole-class discussion and textbook) employed over the topic, the life…
Descriptors: Technical Writing, Grade 4, Science Education, Science Instruction
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Haglund, Jesper; Jeppsson, Fredrik; Schönborn, Konrad J. – Research in Science Education, 2016
Integration of technology, social learning and scientific models offers pedagogical opportunities for science education. A particularly interesting area is thermal science, where students often struggle with abstract concepts, such as heat. In taking on this conceptual obstacle, we explore how hand-held infrared (IR) visualization technology can…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Photography, Energy, Physics
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Gulacar, Ozcan; Sinan, Olcay; Bowman, Charles R.; Yildirim, Yetkin – Research in Science Education, 2015
A study is presented that explores how students' knowledge structures, as related to the scientific method, compare at different student ages. A word association test comprised of ten total stimulus words, among them "experiment," "science fair," and "hypothesis," is used to probe the students' knowledge structures.…
Descriptors: Scientific Methodology, Science Education, Word Lists, Stimuli
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Opitz, Sebastian T.; Harms, Ute; Neumann, Knut; Kowalzik, Kristin; Frank, Arne – Research in Science Education, 2015
Energy is considered both a core idea and a crosscutting concept in science education. A thorough understanding of the energy concept is thought to help students learn about other (related) concepts within and across science subjects, thereby fostering scientific literacy. This study investigates students' progression in understanding the energy…
Descriptors: Energy, Scientific Concepts, Science Education, Concept Formation
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Yang, Hsiu-Ting; Wang, Kuo-Hua – Research in Science Education, 2014
Improving students scientific explanations is one major goal of science education. Both writing activities and concept mapping are reported as effective strategies for enhancing student learning of science. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a teaching model, named the DCI model, which integrates a Descriptive explanation…
Descriptors: Science Education, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Elementary School Students, Models
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Dickes, Amanda Catherine; Sengupta, Pratim – Research in Science Education, 2013
In this paper, we investigate how elementary school students develop multi-level explanations of population dynamics in a simple predator-prey ecosystem, through scaffolded interactions with a multi-agent-based computational model (MABM). The term "agent" in an MABM indicates individual computational objects or actors (e.g., cars), and these…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Science, Scientific Concepts
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Carrier, Sarah J.; Tugurian, Linda P.; Thomson, Margareta M. – Research in Science Education, 2013
In this article, we present the results from a mixed-methods research study aimed to document indoor and outdoor fifth grade science experiences in one school in the USA in the context of accountability and standardized testing. We used quantitative measures to explore students' science knowledge, environmental attitudes, and outdoor comfort…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Mixed Methods Research, Outdoor Education, Grade 5
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Neumann, Susanne; Hopf, Martin – Research in Science Education, 2013
Although the term "radiation" has a fixed place in everyday life as well as in the media, there is very little empirical research on students' conceptions about this topic. In our study we wanted to find out what students associate with this term. In 2009, we asked 509 students (between grade 4 and grade 6) from seven different schools…
Descriptors: Freehand Drawing, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6
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Lee, Huei; Yen, Chiung-Fen; Aikenhead, Glen S. – Research in Science Education, 2012
This preliminary ethnographic investigation focused on how Indigenous traditional wisdom can be incorporated into school science and what students learned as a result. Participants included community elders and knowledge keepers, as well as 4th grade (10-year-old) students, all of Amis ancestry, an Indigenous tribe in Taiwan. The students'…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Instruction, Indigenous Knowledge, Grade 4
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Castano, Carolina – Research in Science Education, 2008
This article reports on a qualitative and quantitative study that explored whether a constructivist Science learning environment, in which 9 to 10-year old Colombian girls had the opportunity to discuss scientific concepts and socio-scientific dilemmas in groups, improved their understanding of the concepts and the complex relations that exists…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Bilingual Schools, Scientific Concepts, Grade 4