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Reilly, David; Neumann, David L.; Andrews, Glenda – Research in Science Education, 2019
The underrepresentation of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM)-related fields remains a concern for educators and the scientific community. Gender differences in mathematics and science achievement play a role, in conjunction with attitudes and self-efficacy beliefs. We report results from the 2011 Trends in…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Mathematics Achievement
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Kumarassamy, Jayanthy; Koh, Caroline – Research in Science Education, 2019
Much has been written and debated on the importance of including moral, character or values education in school curricula. In line with this, teachers' views with regard to values education have often been sought. However, a search into the literature on values in science education has revealed little on this domain. In an attempt to close this…
Descriptors: Values Education, Citizenship Education, Science Education, Teacher Attitudes
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Salloum, Sara; BouJaoude, Saouma – Research in Science Education, 2019
The purpose of this research is to better understand the uses and potential of triadic dialogue (initiation-response-feedback) as a dominant discourse pattern in test-driven environments. We used a Bakhtinian dialogic perspective to analyze interactions among high-stakes tests and triadic dialogue. Specifically, the study investigated (a) the…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Cognitive Processes, Science Teachers, Grade 8
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Opitz, S. T.; Neumann, K.; Bernholt, S.; Harms, U. – Research in Science Education, 2019
Energy is considered both as a disciplinary core idea and as a concept cutting across science disciplines. Most previous approaches studied progressing energy understanding in specific disciplinary contexts, while disregarding the relation of understanding across them. Hence, this study provides a systematic analysis of cross-disciplinary energy…
Descriptors: Energy, Scientific Concepts, Biology, Chemistry
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Wang, Ya-Ling; Tsai, Chin-Chung – Research in Science Education, 2019
Students' conceptions of learning science and their relations with motive for learning may vary as the education level increases. This study aimed to compare the quantitative patterns in students' conceptions of learning science (COLS) and motives for learning science (MLS) across grade levels by adopting two survey instruments. A total of 768…
Descriptors: High School Students, Student Motivation, Instructional Program Divisions, Foreign Countries
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Lee, Silvia Wen-Yu; Chang, Hsin-Yi; Wu, Hsin-Kai – Research in Science Education, 2017
The aim of this study was to examine the potential impact of the representational characteristics of models and students' educational levels on students' views of scientific models and modeling (VSMM). An online multimedia questionnaire was designed to address three major aspects of VSMM, namely the "nature of models," the "nature…
Descriptors: Grade 8, Grade 11, High School Students, Teaching Models
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Forbes, Anne; Skamp, Keith – Research in Science Education, 2016
"MyScience" is a primary science education initiative in which being in a community of practice is integral to the learning process. In this initiative, stakeholder groups--primary teachers, primary students and mentors--interact around the "domain" of "investigating scientifically". This paper builds on three earlier…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Teacher Participation, Student Participation, Communities of Practice
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Gulacar, Ozcan; Sinan, Olcay; Bowman, Charles R.; Yildirim, Yetkin – Research in Science Education, 2015
A study is presented that explores how students' knowledge structures, as related to the scientific method, compare at different student ages. A word association test comprised of ten total stimulus words, among them "experiment," "science fair," and "hypothesis," is used to probe the students' knowledge structures.…
Descriptors: Scientific Methodology, Science Education, Word Lists, Stimuli
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Stains, Marilyne; Sevian, Hannah – Research in Science Education, 2015
Students' mental models of diffusion in a gas phase solution were studied through the use of the Structure and Motion of Matter (SAMM) survey. This survey permits identification of categories of ways students think about the structure of the gaseous solute and solvent, the origin of motion of gas particles, and trajectories of solute particles in…
Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Models, Undergraduate Students, Knowledge Level
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Yun, Sun Mi; Kim, Heui-Baik – Research in Science Education, 2015
The purpose of this study was to interpret students' participation in terms of social and argumentation norms to improve understanding of social interaction in scientific argumentation. Therefore, the study sought to identify social and argumentation norms formed in group argumentation and to explore changes in students' participation as lessons…
Descriptors: Student Participation, Persuasive Discourse, Scientific Concepts, Science Education