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Plavnick, Joshua B. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
Video modeling is an effective and efficient methodology for teaching new skills to individuals with autism. New technology may enhance video modeling as smartphones or tablet computers allow for portable video displays. However, the reduced screen size may decrease the likelihood of attending to the video model for some children. The present…
Descriptors: Autism, Video Technology, Imitation, Teaching Methods
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Chung, Yun-Ching; Carter, Erik W.; Sisco, Lynn G. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
Although positive peer relationships can facilitate the academic learning, skill development, and emotional well-being of students with complex communication challenges, few peer interactions are likely to take place in school settings apart from intentional intervention and support efforts. We conducted a systematic review to identify and examine…
Descriptors: Intervention, Adolescents, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Interaction
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Hughes, Carolyn; Kaplan, Lauren; Bernstein, Rebekah; Boykin, Michaela; Reilly, Caitlin; Brigham, Nicolette; Cosgriff, Joseph; Heilingoetter, Jamie; Harvey, Michelle – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
We reviewed studies to identify strategies effective at increasing social interaction skills across a range of secondary school students with autism and/or intellectual disability who experienced limited peer interaction. We were particularly interested in identifying strategies that involved peers and were effective at increasing peer interaction…
Descriptors: Intervention, Secondary School Students, Interpersonal Relationship, Autism
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Wehman, Paul; Lau, Stephanie; Molinelli, Alissa; Brooke, Valerie; Thompson, Katie; Moore, Chandler; West, Michael – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of supported employment in securing and maintaining competitive employment for people with autism spectrum disorder, a group that has typically been found to be underemployed or unemployed. This prospective study followed and collected data on 33 individuals with autism spectrum disorder as they…
Descriptors: Autism, Young Adults, Supported Employment, Job Development
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Shogren, Karrie – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
Limited research has explored the perceptions of self-determination held by diverse families. In this study, seven mothers of transition-age youth with severe disabilities who were Hispanic were interviewed. Each mother was actively engaged in advocacy related to diverse children with disabilities in their local schools and communities. Mothers…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Values, Cultural Influences, Self Determination
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Restorff, Diane; Sharpe, Michael; Abery, Brian; Rodriguez, Michael; Kim, Nam Keol – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate teachers' perceptions of the impact of alternate assessments based on alternate achievement standards (AA-AAS). We used a survey of 401 teachers from three states to probe teacher perspectives across a wide range of topics. Our study found teacher perceptions were more universal than state specific. The…
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Mental Retardation, Teacher Attitudes, State Surveys
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Westling, David L. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
Although the author has written, conducted research, and lectured about parents of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) and he is a parent himself, he is not the parent of an individual with a disability. Viewing from the experience of life "without" a child with IDD in it, it is reasonable to assume that there are…
Descriptors: Attitudes toward Disabilities, Quality of Life, Developmental Disabilities, Mental Retardation
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Meyer, Luanna H. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
Over the years, much has been accomplished in the area of severe disabilities--by professionals, academic scholars, parents of persons with disabilities, and self-advocates. It was not that long ago that children with severe disabilities were most likely to be excluded from school altogether or, if they received an education at all, it was far…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Environment, Freedom, Developed Nations
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Landers, Eric; Courtade, Ginevra; Ryndak, Diane – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine how the needs of students with disabilities are addressed by state coordinators of school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS) during professional development activities on positive behavioral strategies, school-wide systems, and school-wide commitment to the PBIS approach.…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Professional Development, Inclusion, Student Behavior
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Carter, Erik; Swedeen, Beth; Cooney, Molly; Walter, Martha; Moss, Colleen K. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
Parents have long played a pivotal and powerful role in advocating for improved services, supports, and increased opportunities for their children with significant disabilities. Yet inclusive opportunities remain strikingly limited in many schools and communities. We examined the viability and impact of parent-led community conversation events as…
Descriptors: Extracurricular Activities, Disabilities, Employment Opportunities, Mainstreaming
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Randolph, Adriane B. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
By giving a voice to users in the design process of information systems, they often feel more empowered and engaged. The inclusion of users with disabilities in the design process, however, can be markedly more difficult. User profiling allows a user's preferences and interests to be captured and represented. However, for a user with severe motor…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Information Systems, Interviews, Physical Disabilities
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Kyzar, Kathleen B.; Turnbull, Ann P.; Summers, Jean Ann; Gomez, Viviana Aya – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
There has been a gradual shift from a deficit to a support model for understanding disability over the last two decades. Although more attention is focused on supports at the individual level, policy has provided for the provision of family support. Despite this policy, families' needs for support are on the rise; and research suggests that…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Multiple Disabilities, Family Needs, Family Programs
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Agran, Martin; Krupp, Michael; Spooner, Fred; Zakas, Tracie-Lynn – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
Although the importance of safety skills instruction is well acknowledged and available data suggest individuals with varying disabilities sustain injuries from accidents at a rate that is comparable to or may exceed the normative population, many students do not receive systematic safety skills instruction. Findings on the extent to which…
Descriptors: Accidents, Investigations, Disabilities, Safety
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Ferguson, Philip M.; Nusbaum, Emily – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
The academic field of disability studies has expanded rapidly over the last two decades or so. With that expansion has also come some growing ambiguity about exactly what is meant by the term "disability studies." This article reviews the history and evolution of disability studies as an interdisciplinary approach to research and scholarship.…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Interdisciplinary Approach, Developmental Disabilities, Disabilities
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Cosier, Meghan – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2012
Historically, researchers focused on individuals with severe disabilities have utilized single-subject research methodologies to study the application of the behavioral theory to learning. In contrast, disability studies scholars have primarily used qualitative research methodologies to study quality of life or policy issues related to individuals…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Research Methodology, Quality of Life, Disabilities
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