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Zebehazy, Kim T. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
This study reports opinions and practices of teachers of students with visual impairments (TSVIs) in 34 states regarding functional literacy for students with visual impairments (VIs) and significant cognitive disabilities (SCDs). The survey asked TSVIs to select a definition of functional literacy, indicate agreement with a series of literacy…
Descriptors: Functional Literacy, Visual Impairments, Mental Retardation, Teacher Attitudes
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Pickens, Julie L.; Dymond, Stacy K. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the views of special education directors toward community-based vocational instruction (CBVI). Participants included a non-proportional random sample of 47 directors from one state who completed an online or paper-based survey. Independent variables were directors' years of experience, geographic…
Descriptors: Special Education, Administrators, Administrator Attitudes, Community Based Instruction (Disabilities)
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Rood, Carrie E.; Kanter, Arlene; Causton, Julie – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
This article describes the potential impact that state guardianship laws may have on the transition planning process for students identified with intellectual and developmental disabilities under the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Improvement Act. The authors utilize a disability studies framework to describe how the goals of…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, State Legislation, Developmental Disabilities
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Sailor, Wayne S.; McCart, Amy B. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
After decades of effort to create inclusive education, the authors assert that the time for full inclusion to manifest at scale may finally be at hand. This article first briefly considers the background and history of the inclusive education movement. The authors then reframe the discourse by defining inclusion through structures and…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Educational Change, Access to Education, Educational History
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Spooner, Fred; Ahlgrim-Delzell, Lynn; Kemp-Inman, Amy; Wood, Leah A. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
Literacy skills are important for accessing all areas of academic content as well as for increasing quality of life. The use of shared stories to teach early literacy skills to students with extensive support needs, including students with autism, is an evidence-based practice. This project extends the research by examining the effects of…
Descriptors: Autism, Elementary School Students, Teaching Methods, Educational Technology
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Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane M. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
This study evaluated the effects of a peer-delivered least prompts intervention and adapted read-alouds of a grade-level novel on correct listening comprehension responses for participants with moderate intellectual disability. Before the study began, participants were taught concepts for wh- words (i.e., who, what, why, when, and where), to…
Descriptors: Listening Comprehension, Prompting, Intervention, Oral Reading
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Ryndak, Diane Lea; Taub, Debbie; Jorgensen, Cheryl M.; Gonsier-Gerdin, Jean; Arndt, Katrina; Sauer, Janet; Ruppar, Andrea L.; Morningstar, Mary E.; Allcock, Heather – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
Students with significant disabilities continue to be among the most segregated in schools. In this article, we argue that the principles of least restrictive environment and involvement and progress in the general curriculum have been interpreted in ways that perpetuate segregation, rather than increasing students' access to meaningful curriculum…
Descriptors: Disabilities, General Education, Inclusion, Educational Policy
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Brock, Matthew E.; Carter, Erik W. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
The involvement of paraprofessionals in the education of students with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) has been both complex and controversial. Many scholars and advocates have raised concerns about the roles these staff members play in schools and the degree to which there is empirical support for their direct work with…
Descriptors: Paraprofessional School Personnel, Disabilities, Educational Practices, Mental Retardation
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Creech-Galloway, Carey; Collins, Belva C.; Knight, Victoria; Bausch, Margaret – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Providing standards-based instruction in core content areas for individuals with moderate and severe disabilities is a hot topic in the field of special education, and teachers struggle to find the best methods for providing high-quality standards-based instruction in core content areas that also has personal relevance for the students. This…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Prompting, Educational Technology, Handheld Devices
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O'Brien, John – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Romer and Walker's "Appreciative Inquiry," which obtained input from 16 capable personal assistants, challenges some influential assumptions about personal assistance and opens a way to think about the demanding work of developing capable and committed personal assistants. Attempts to depersonalize the relationship between people…
Descriptors: Allied Health Personnel, Helping Relationship, Help Seeking, Severe Disabilities
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Cimera, Robert Evert; Burgess, Sloane; Wiley, Andrew – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
This study investigated whether receiving transition services early (i.e., by age 14) promoted better vocational outcomes than receiving transition services later (i.e., by age 16) for young adults with ASD. To do this, the outcomes achieved by two matched groups were examined--453 young adults from states requiring transition services be…
Descriptors: Transitional Programs, Outcomes of Education, Young Adults, Autism
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Trela, Katherine; Jimenez, Bree A. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Language used in the field of special education is important; it can serve to influence both curriculum and placement decisions for students with intellectual disability. Historically, "Functional Curriculum" was used to describe curriculum adaptations necessary for students to access their environment (school and community). However,…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Mental Retardation, Holistic Approach, Individualized Instruction
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Papay, Clare; Griffin, Megan – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Over the past decade, inclusive postsecondary opportunities have become more available to students with intellectual and developmental disabilities than ever before. With greater demand for such opportunities as well as greater awareness of the possibilities for youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities, developing new programs on…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Mental Retardation, Developmental Disabilities, Inclusion
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Gardner, Stephanie; Wolfe, Pamela – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Identifying methods to increase the independent functioning of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is vital in enhancing their quality of life; teaching students with ASD daily living skills can foster independent functioning. This review examines interventions that implement video modeling and/or prompting to teach individuals with…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Modeling (Psychology), Prompting, Intervention
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Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane M.; Wood, Leah A. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
A review of the literature on academic learning in general education settings for students with moderate and severe intellectual disability was conducted. A total of 17 experimental studies was identified and evaluated using quality indicators for single-case design research. Studies that met or met with reservation the criteria established for…
Descriptors: General Education, Educational Strategies, Severe Mental Retardation, Literature Reviews
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