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Wood, Leah; Browder, Diane M.; Flynn, Lindsay – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2015
Using a modified system of least prompts, two classroom teachers taught three participants with moderate intellectual disability to generate questions about United States history. After reading brief portions of the text aloud to the participants, the teachers taught participants to identify if the answer to the question was in the book or not in…
Descriptors: Social Studies, Teaching Methods, Inclusion, Moderate Intellectual Disability
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Kurth, Jennifer A.; Lyon, Kristin J.; Shogren, Karrie A. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2015
The purpose of the present study was to investigate practices that support the inclusion of students with severe disabilities in the learning and social activities of inclusive K-8 schools to inform inclusive school reform research and practice. Eighteen K-8 students with severe disabilities in six schools recognized for their implementation of…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Inclusion, Mainstreaming, Regular and Special Education Relationship
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Baggerman, Melanie A.; Ault, Melinda Jones; Collins, Belva C.; Spriggs, Amy D.; Slocum, Victoria – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2015
An important part of quality of life for people with moderate and severe disabilities (MSDs) is being involved in extracurricular and community activities. However, volunteers, who may not have experience with including people with MSDs, lead most community activities. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of teacher…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Coaching (Performance), Quality of Life, Moderate Intellectual Disability
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Kearns, Jacqueline F.; Kleinert, Harold L.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Gong, Brian; Quenemoen, Rachel – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2015
Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) flexibility requires states to develop and implement teacher effectiveness measures that consider student assessment results, including assessment results for students with disabilities participating in general and alternate assessments. We describe how alternate assessment results for students with…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Teacher Effectiveness
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Jameson, J. Matt; Riesen, Tim; Polychronis, Shamby; Trader, Barbara; Mizner, Susan; Martinis, Jonathan; Hoyle, Dohn – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2015
Guardianship is a complicated legal concept, which is further complicated by differences from state to state in the framing and implementation of distinctly different forms. Few professionals explain the long-term consequences of obtaining guardianship or provide the range of alternatives available to support an adult with disabilities. This study…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Legal Responsibility, Decision Making, Self Determination
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Rossetti, Zachary; Lehr, Donna; Lederer, Leslie; Pelerin, Dana; Huang, Shuoxi – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2015
This article describes a qualitative study that examined how 23 young adults with pervasive support needs and limited functional communication spent their time and how their parents (n = 23) and direct support professionals (DSPs; n = 2) defined meaningfulness in relation to the young adults' experiences. Data were collected through…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Young Adults, Disabilities, Semi Structured Interviews
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Burke, Meghan M.; Sandman, Linda – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2015
Since its initial passage in 1975, parent involvement had been a cornerstone of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). However, parents face many barriers in voicing their concerns to professionals. One way for parents to share their insights and create systemic change is during an IDEA reauthorization. Yet, although the public is…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Disabilities, Equal Education
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Spooner, Fred; Kemp-Inman, Amy; Ahlgrim-Delzell, Lynn; Wood, Leah; Ley Davis, Luann – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2015
Literacy is an important skill for accessing all academic content areas, and there has been an increased focus on using a variety of assistive technology (AT) to support the acquisition of literacy skills for students with severe disabilities. Literacy also provides these students with skills to increase community participation, with independence,…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Severe Disabilities, Elementary School Students, Generalization
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Courtade, Ginevra R.; Test, David W.; Cook, Bryan G. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
Because of their highly intensive and variable learning needs, learners with severe intellectual disability present significant challenges to special educators and other stakeholders in terms of selecting and implementing effective instructional practices. Although scholars have made considerable progress in conducting and synthesizing research…
Descriptors: Evidence, Best Practices, Severe Mental Retardation, Disability Identification
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Domire, Sarah C.; Wolfe, Pamela – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
Video-based instruction is becoming a common intervention in today's classrooms. Previous research has focused primarily on video modeling techniques that required the student to watch an entire video of the task before attempting to complete the task independently. Video prompting is a form of video instruction that breaks down target skills…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Prompting, Autism
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Cimera, Robert Evert; Burgess, Sloane; Novak, Jeanne; Avellone, Lauren – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
This study examined the rate at which applicants to Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) were denied services because their disabilities were "too severe." It found that, from 2002 to 2012, 1.7% of all VR applicants throughout the United States were denied services because of the nature of their impairments. In addition, over this period, the…
Descriptors: Vocational Rehabilitation, Severe Disabilities, Severity (of Disability), Mental Retardation
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Cimera, Robert Evert; Burgess, Sloane; Bedesem, Peña L. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
This study examined the potential impact providing transition services early had on the vocational outcomes achieved by young adults with intellectual disability. Two groups were compared: 7,520 individuals from states requiring transition services be addressed in individualized educational programs (IEPs) by age 14 and 7,520 individuals from…
Descriptors: Transitional Programs, Mental Retardation, Program Effectiveness, Vocational Education
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Francis, Grace Lucille; Blue-Banning, Martha; Turnbull, Rud – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) and their families face many important decisions as the individuals with IDD enter adulthood, including where to live. Although there are numerous housing options for individuals with IDD outside of institutions, there is a paucity of information available to inform them about how…
Descriptors: Quality of Life, Mental Retardation, Developmental Disabilities, Housing
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Kurth, Jennifer A.; Morningstar, Mary E.; Kozleski, Elizabeth B. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
The purpose of this study is to analyze the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) data that states and U.S. territories report from the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) and discuss the status of the most restrictive special education placement settings for students with disabilities. In this analysis, we found that (a) states do not set…
Descriptors: Student Placement, Special Education, Disabilities, Severe Disabilities
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Woodfield, Casey; Jung, Eunyoung; Ashby, Christine – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2014
This research explores the stage of novicity in communicative partnerships between new facilitators and the individuals with disabilities who use supported typing as their primary method of communication with whom they work. We interviewed novice and experienced facilitators, and typers who have recently worked with new facilitators to examine not…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Facilitators (Individuals), Novices
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