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Carter, Erik W.; Sisco, Lynn G.; Lane, Kathleen Lynne – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2011
Although paraprofessionals play a prominent role in the education of students with severe disabilities, little is known about the roles these school staff play in fostering self-determination. In this descriptive study, researchers examined the extent to which 347 paraprofessionals employed at 135 randomly selected schools (a) considered each of…
Descriptors: Self Determination, Severe Disabilities, Paraprofessional School Personnel, Elementary School Students
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Ruppar, Andrea L.; Gaffney, Janet S. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2011
Given the centrality of the Individualized Education Program (IEP) to services for students with disabilities, the decision-making process during the IEP meeting deserves attention in research and implementation. In this case study, IEP team decision-making is examined as a socially situated practice. Transcripts of an initial evaluation and IEP…
Descriptors: Individualized Education Programs, Goal Orientation, Teamwork, Participative Decision Making
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Rossetti, Zachary S. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2011
This is an interpretivist qualitative study that explores the contexts and dynamics of friendships among three groups of young adults; each group included an individual with autism or severe disability and high school students without disabilities. Data were collected through ethnographic methods where friends interacted together. Particular…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Autism, Developmental Disabilities, Ethnography
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Hudson, Melissa E.; Test, David W. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2011
This study reviewed published literature to determine the level of evidence for using shared story reading to promote literacy. Shared story reading was defined as a practice used to access age-appropriate literature through reader-listener interaction in which a story is read aloud and student interaction with the reader and the story is…
Descriptors: Listening Comprehension, Story Reading, Interaction, Emergent Literacy
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Hughes, Carolyn; Golas, Melissa; Cosgriff, Joseph; Brigham, Nicolette; Edwards, Caitlin; Cashen, Kelly – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2011
Incorporating general education peers into social skills instructional programs has been effective at increasing social interaction of high school students with intellectual disabilities and autism with their classmates. In this study, communication book use (Hughes et al., 2000), combined with providing the opportunity to interact, was associated…
Descriptors: Inclusion, General Education, Mental Retardation, Autism
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Ruppar, Andrea L.; Dymond, Stacy K.; Gaffney, Janet S. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate teachers' perspectives on the appropriate skills and settings for literacy instruction, the factors influencing their decisions about literacy instruction, and the barriers to literacy instruction in general education classrooms. A sample of special education teachers (n = 69) of students taking the…
Descriptors: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Alternative Assessment, Special Education Teachers, Teacher Attitudes
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Copeland, Susan R.; Keefe, Elizabeth B.; Calhoon, Anne J.; Tanner, Wendy; Park, Seonsook – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2011
Although there is an increased focus on reading instruction in schools, little is known about how teachers of students with extensive support needs are prepared to provide literacy instruction for this group of students. This paper reports the results of an exploratory study of how literary instruction is addressed within teacher education…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Teacher Education Programs, Severe Disabilities, Content Analysis
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Spooner, Fred; Knight, Vicki; Browder, Diane; Jimenez, Bree; DiBiase, Warren – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2011
A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted for articles published between 1985 and May 2009 to (a) examine the degree to which science content was taught to students with severe developmental disabilities and (b) and evaluate instructional procedures in science as evidence-based practices. The review was organized by a conceptual model…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Severe Disabilities
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Carter, Erik W.; Sisco, Lynn G.; Chung, Yun-Ching; Stanton-Chapman, Tina L. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2010
Social interactions with peers are an important aspect of childhood development that is closely linked to emotional well-being and success in school. We conducted a comprehensive review of recent intervention studies evaluating strategies to improve the peer interaction outcomes of students with intellectual disabilities and/or autism. The purpose…
Descriptors: Intervention, Mental Retardation, Autism, Educational Practices
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Schleien, Stuart J.; Miller, Kimberly D. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2010
Inclusive community recreation is an optimal environment for the development of recreation and sports skills and social relationships between people with and without disabilities. Although we know much about best practices for inclusion, little systemic change in recreation agencies has transpired. Diffusion of Innovation Theory is proposed as a…
Descriptors: Recreational Programs, Change Agents, Innovation, Recreational Activities
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Rowe, Dawn A.; Test, David W. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2010
Enhancing parents' ability to make informed choices is important to successful transition planning for youth with disabilities. This study used a multiple probe design across content areas replicated across participants to examine the effects of a computer-based instructional program on acquisition of parents' knowledge of the transition planning…
Descriptors: Transitional Programs, Disabilities, Planning, Parent Participation
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Westling, David L.; Trader, Barbara R.; Smith, Cynthia A.; Marshall, Denise Stile – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2010
A survey of a convenience (nonrandom) sample of parents and guardians of children with disabilities was undertaken to document the use of restraints, seclusion, and aversive procedures. A 23-item questionnaire was presented to participants using SurveyMonkey, a Web-based program. Participants were informed of the survey by different advocacy…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Ethics, Discipline, Behavior Modification
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Brown, Fredda; Traniello, Dina A. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2010
An interview was conducted with each of four mothers to gain an understanding of their perceptions of the educational and behavioral history of their children leading up to placement in a residential facility that used aversive interventions, including contingent electric skin shock. Semistructured instruments were used to understand each family's…
Descriptors: Mothers, Punishment, Interviews, Child Rearing
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Hughes, Carolyn; Avoke, Selete K. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2010
Despite more than 40 years of legislation to improve the outcomes of children and youth with disabilities and those growing up in poverty, vast numbers of adults with severe disabilities are unemployed or underemployed and living in poverty. This article suggests that one of the factors maintaining the problem is our failure to acknowledge the…
Descriptors: Poverty, Quality of Life, Severe Disabilities, Poverty Programs
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O'Brien, John; Callahan, Michael – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2010
Traditional practice in employment of persons with disabilities has been to assess the skills and interests of the job seeker in relation to normative standards or to others. That comparative approach often results in job seekers with significant developmental disabilities being viewed as having few skills and lacking requisite work readiness,…
Descriptors: Job Applicants, Developmental Disabilities, Supported Employment, Vocational Evaluation
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