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Courtade, Ginevra R.; Spooner, Fred; Browder, Diane M. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2007
A comprehensive review of research was conducted on teaching science to students with significant cognitive disabilities. Guidelines from the National Science Education Standards were used to identify categories of studies based on the strands of science. A total of 11 studies were identified from the 20 years of literature searched. In general,…
Descriptors: State Standards, National Standards, Educational Strategies, Learning Strategies
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McMahon, Caitlin R.; Malesa, Elizabeth E.; Yoder, Paul J.; Stone, Wendy L. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2007
Infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are at elevated risk for social, cognitive, and language delays which may cause parents to become hypervigilant (i.e., excessively worried) about their infant's development. The extent to which parental concern is related to actual cognitive or language impairment in these infants is…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Intervention, Infants, Siblings
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Koegel, Robert L. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2007
Until recently, and even in many current research circles, social behavior in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (including those with high functioning autism or Asperger disorder) was considered to be unmodifiable. Mundy, Henderson, Inge, and Coman and McGee and Daly shed new light on this concept of intractability, suggesting that…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Social Development, Communication Skills, Asperger Syndrome
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Hawken, Leanne S.; O'Neill, Robert E. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2006
Throughout its evolution, school-wide positive behavior support (SWPBS) has explicitly promoted the perspective that it should involve all students in a given school setting. However, the literature on SWPBS has not always fully and clearly addressed the involvement of students with severe disabilities. This article will (a) briefly review the…
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Intervention, Behavior Problems, Severe Disabilities
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Snell, Martha E. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2006
In this article, the author recognizes and responds to the three major themes of the four articles focusing on the use of school-wide positive behavior support (SWPBS) with students having the most serious problem behavior: needed research, including students with severe disabilities at all support levels through adaptations, and avoiding further…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Behavior Disorders, Intervention, Behavior Problems
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Cosden, Merith; Koegel, Lynn Kern; Koegel, Robert L.; Greenwell, Ashley; Klein, Eileen – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2006
Despite improvements in interventions for children with autism, assessments tend to focus on their social, cognitive, and behavioral deficits, without similar systematic examination of their strengths. Strength-based assessment (SBA), which has been used in work with children with milder behavioral disorders, may also have value for individuals…
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Cosbey, Joanna Evans; Johnston, Susan – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2006
Three young children with severe, multiple disabilities were taught to utilize a voice output communication aid (VOCA) to request access to preferred items and/or peers during play activities. Acquisition of VOCA use resulted from a naturalistic intervention strategy that consisted of creating communication opportunities, prompting the participant…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Severe Disabilities, Multiple Disabilities
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Snell, Martha E.; Chen, Lih-Yuan; Hoover, Kathryn – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2006
This paper provides results of a descriptive analysis of peer-reviewed, single subject design, intervention research on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) for individuals with severe disabilities, from birth to 21 years, published in English between 1997 and 2003. A database of 40 studies was found that met seven specified criteria.…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Intervention, Behavior Problems, Communication Skills
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Carter, Erik W.; Kennedy, Craig H. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2006
Promoting access to the general curriculum for students with disabilities has emerged as a central theme of recent legislative and policy initiatives. Ensuring that students with severe disabilities benefit fully from the myriad learning and social opportunities available through the general curriculum remains an important challenge, particularly…
Descriptors: Intervention, Severe Disabilities, Mainstreaming, Inclusive Schools
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Turnbull, Rud; Wehmeyer, Michael; Turnbull, Ann; Stowe, Matt – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2006
This article presents the authors' response to Gunther and Diekema's argument about growth attenuation and due process. As a case study, growth attenuation raises complicated issues. The authors address some issues that have not been sufficiently addressed. Those involve family support, assistive technology, constitutional rights to "self," the…
Descriptors: Family Programs, Educational Technology, Assistive Technology, Quality of Life
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Sailor, Wayne; Zuna, Nina; Choi, Jeong-Hoon; Thomas, Jamie; McCart, Amy; Roger, Blair – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2006
Schoolwide positive behavior support (SWPBS) exemplifies a longitudinal research program originating in the fields of special education and school psychology that has produced an extensive national database encompassing an evidence-based set of practices applicable to general education as well as special education students including those with…
Descriptors: Intervention, Educational Change, Urban Schools, Special Education Teachers
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Crimmins, Daniel; Farrell, Anne F. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2006
Positive behavior support (PBS) has evolved over the past 15 years from an individualized approach to behavior management to one with an increased focus on universal applications. Although there are clear areas of convergence between individualized and universal supports, it is also clear that the provision of individualized supports is an…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Behavior Modification, Federal Legislation, Student Behavior
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Vaughn, Bobbie J. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2006
Over the past 15 years, positive behavior support (PBS) gained rapid momentum as it moved from research on the function of challenging behaviors in individuals situated in restrictive settings, to understanding the function of challenging behavior of individuals in natural settings, to initial legislation of positive behavior interventions and…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Behavior Modification, Family Involvement, Severe Disabilities
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Horner, Robert H.; Dunlap, Glen; Koegel, Robert L.; Carr, Edward G.; Sailor, Wayne; Anderson, Jacki; Albin, Richard W.; O'Neill, Robert E. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2005
Nonaversive behavior management is an approach to supporting people with undesirable behaviors that integrates technology and values. Although this approach has attracted numerous proponents, more adequate definition and empirical documentation are still needed. This article presents an introduction to the nonaversive approach. Important…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Positive Reinforcement, Stimuli, Behavior Disorders
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Snell, Martha E. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 2005
The author found it very satisfying to reread "Toward a technology of 'nonaversive' behavioral support," written in 1990 by Rob Horner and seven of his colleagues. Their predictions of the critical themes for advancing positive behavior support (PBS) ring true. Fifteen years have passed since the publication of this article, and much has happened…
Descriptors: Self Destructive Behavior, Behavior Problems, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Intervention
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