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Lee, Hyunjoo; Morningstar, Mary E. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2019
A secondary analysis of data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study--2 (NLTS2) was conducted to examine predictors associated with improved postschool community participation of young adults with severe disabilities. Multidimensional item response theory was used to establish criterion and predictor constructs and examine predictive…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Community Involvement, Severe Disabilities, Longitudinal Studies
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Pancsofar, Nadya; Petroff, Jerry G.; Rao, Shridevi; Mangel, Alyssa – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2019
Fathers of children with complex disabilities can play an important role in the development and learning of their children; however, very little is known about their school involvement experiences. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 15 fathers of children with complex disabilities to learn how these fathers perceived their involvement in…
Descriptors: Fathers, Parent Role, Parent School Relationship, Parent Attitudes
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Karvonen, Meagan; Clark, Amy K. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2019
There is a dearth of research describing the small population of students who have significant cognitive disabilities and are also English learners (ELs). This study expands what is known about this population by describing EL students who participated in Dynamic Learning Maps Alternate Assessments in 16 states during the 2016-2017 year. Data…
Descriptors: Severe Intellectual Disability, English Language Learners, Teaching Methods, Evaluation Methods
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Finnerty, Megan S.; Jackson, Lewis B.; Ostergren, Renee – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2019
This study examined material adaptations being used with students who have severe disabilities in general education elementary classrooms during language arts, social studies, and science instruction. Data sources included classroom observations, interviews, and artifacts shared by three general and special educator teams. Findings revealed themes…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), Elementary School Students, Mainstreaming
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Kuntz, Emily M.; Carter, Erik W. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2019
Instruction and support for students with intellectual disability in general education classes should be informed by research-based interventions. In this systematic review, we examined the focus and impact of interventions delivered in inclusive classes to support middle and high school students with intellectual disability. We identified 40…
Descriptors: Intervention, Secondary School Students, Intellectual Disability, Inclusion
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Root, Jenny R.; Cox, Sarah K.; Gonzalez, Stephanie – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2019
Data analysis inherently requires problem solving, yet it is the most understudied mathematical skill for individuals with extensive support needs. The current study taught elementary students with extensive support needs (i.e., autism and intellectual disability) to solve math word problems requiring analysis of scaled pictographs through…
Descriptors: Special Needs Students, Problem Solving, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Students
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Carter, Erik W.; Boehm, Thomas L. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2019
Although the importance and influence of spirituality in the lives of youth and young adults have garnered much attention, few studies have focused on the religious and spiritual lives of young people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). We examined the congregational activities, spiritual practices, and strength of religious…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Autism, Religion
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Waters, Chelsea L.; Friesen, Amber – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2019
Families raising young children diagnosed with multiple disabilities encounter experiences that are often unique and extend well beyond the early childhood years due to the intensity and severity of their child's needs. The contexts of these families must be understood to provide meaningful services and supports, particularly during the child's…
Descriptors: Young Children, Child Rearing, Multiple Disabilities, Parent Attitudes
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Kurth, Jennifer A.; Ruppar, Andrea L.; Toews, Samantha Gross; McCabe, Katie M.; McQueston, Jessica A.; Johnston, Russell – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2019
Special education consists of specially designed services available for students with disabilities, and should be available across placements. Students with the most significant disabilities continue to be taught in restrictive settings, despite accumulating evidence suggesting their special education services can be delivered effectively in…
Descriptors: Special Education, Individualized Education Programs, Supplementary Education, Student Placement
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Friedman, Carli – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
Medicaid Home and Community Based Services (HCBS) waiver programs provide the majority of long-term services and supports for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Relatively new (2014) HCBS rules (CMS 2249-F/2296-F) governing these programs require "meaningful community" integration of people with disabilities…
Descriptors: Stakeholders, Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Community Services
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Roberts, Carly A.; Ruppar, Andrea L.; Olson, Amy J. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
School administrators play an important role in shaping teaching and learning. However, very little is known regarding how school administrators perceive instruction for students with severe disabilities and how those perceptions shape expectations and visions for instruction. Semistructured interviews were used to interview 12 administrators…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Semi Structured Interviews, Severe Disabilities, Inclusion
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Gilson, Carly B.; Carter, Erik W.; Bumble, Jennifer L.; McMillan, Elise D. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
Families are essential partners in efforts to elevate the employment outcomes of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). We examined the employment-related expectations, preferences, and concerns of 673 parents and other family members of adults with IDD. Participants prioritized paid integrated employment over sheltered…
Descriptors: Family Attitudes, Adults, Employment, Intellectual Disability
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Hudson, Melissa E.; Rivera, Christopher J.; Grady, Maureen M. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
In 2008, Browder and colleagues published a meta-analysis on mathematics instruction for learners with significant cognitive disabilities and found that most skills taught to these students were only from two of the five strands recommended by the National Council for Teachers of Mathematics (i.e., Number and Operations, and Measurement). A review…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Intellectual Disability, Literature Reviews, Teaching Methods
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Walker, Virginia L.; Loman, Sheldon L.; Hara, Motoaki; Park, Kristy Lee; Strickland-Cohen, M. Kathleen – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
To explore the accessibility of school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (SWPBIS) for students with severe disabilities, we conducted a survey of 179 schools implementing SWPBIS during the 2015-2016 school year. Personnel from each school reported the frequency and level of importance of SWPBIS implementation across Likert-type…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Positive Behavior Supports, Inclusion, School Personnel
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Hollingshead, Aleksandra; Williamson, Pamela; Carnahan, Christina – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2018
Although a great deal has been written about the complexities of engagement in learning, this is less true for students with severe intellectual disability. The concept of engagement of these students remains strictly behavioral. Engagement as a complex construct, consisting of behavioral, cognitive, and emotional components, must be addressed as…
Descriptors: Severe Intellectual Disability, Learner Engagement, Cognitive Processes, Emotional Response
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