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Saito, Mitsuru – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1982
The velocity, stroke rate, and distance per stroke of l68 male high school students in Japan were studied before and after they received training in the breaststroke. The increase in their swimming velocity resulted from an increase in the distance covered per stroke, not from a faster stroke rate. (Author/PP)
Descriptors: Biomechanics, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, High School Students
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Anderson, Tim; Kearney, Jay T. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1982
The effects of three resistance training programs on male college students' muscular strength and absolute and relative muscular endurance were investigated. Results show that human skeletal muscle makes both general and specific adaptations to a training stimulus, and that the balance of these adaptations is to some extent dependent upon the…
Descriptors: College Students, Exercise, Motor Reactions, Muscular Strength
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Butts, Nancy Kay – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1982
Percentage of body fat, ratings of perceived exertion, and maximal oxygen consumption were obtained during a continuous running treadmill test on 127 high school female cross country runners. The relatively low relationships between the variables tested and running performance indicated that other factors may be more important determinants of…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Body Weight, Exercise Physiology, Females
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Clarkson, Priscilla M.; And Others – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1982
Knee extension isokinetic peak torque was assessed at four angular velocities, and isokinetic endurance was assessed in eight college age men. Muscle fiber type was determined and related to isokinetic strength and fatigability. Results indicate that factors other than fiber type and initial strength level must influence the rate of isokinetic…
Descriptors: College Students, Exercise Physiology, Fatigue (Biology), Males
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Griffey, David C. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1982
The advantages and assumptions of analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and an alternative approach to ANCOVA which uses simultaneous and nonsimultaneous inference techniques are presented with an example of the latter's use. This approach is advocated for situations where it is suspected that dependent measures are a function of some initial aptitude…
Descriptors: Analysis of Covariance, Experimental Groups, Regression (Statistics), Research Methodology
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Hall, Susan J.; Depauw, Karen P. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1982
A theoretical 18-link model of the human body was designed as a sex-generalized predictor of segmental inertial parameters. Body measurements of 40 male and female subjects from 6 to 35 years of age were used. The results were similar to those reported in other studies and the photogrammetric procedure was found to be facilitative. (Authors/JN)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Anatomy, Body Weight, Human Body
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Seals, Douglas R.; Mullin, John P. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1982
The maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) of well-trained upper body athletes was compared to that of untrained individuals in four types of exercise: arm cranking, legs only cycling, graded treadmill running, and combined arm cranking and leg cycling. Results of the study showed that well-trained upper body athletes attained a significantly higher…
Descriptors: Athletes, Athletics, Bicycling, Body Weight
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Ulrich, David; Parkhouse, Bonnie L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1982
An alumni-based model is proposed as an alternative to sports management curriculum design procedures. The model relies on the assessment of curriculum by sport management alumni and uses performance ratings of employers and measures of satisfaction by alumni in a regression model to identify curriculum leading to increased work performance and…
Descriptors: Administrator Education, Alumni, Athletics, Curriculum Design
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Freedson, Patty S.; And Others – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1981
Transient oxygen uptake (VO2) was studied in 28 children ranging in age from seven to fourteen. It was found that the VO2 halftime is similar to that of adults and that younger children attained a steady rate quicker than older children. (Authors/FG)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Children, Exercise Physiology, Metabolism
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Sady, Stanley P.; Katch, Victor L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1981
The oxygen uptake and heart rate of men and boys were determined and compared using a continuous incremental bicycle ergometer test. Both groups had similar patterns for consistency, but the children had smaller individual difference variations for both oxygen uptake and heart rate. (FG)
Descriptors: Adults, Age Differences, Cardiovascular System, Children
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Cureton, Kirk J. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1981
The increasing use of various VO2 max expressions as test measures is a problem because the magnitude of sex difference varies considerably with each expression. A valid match of male and female test subjects would consider physical activity history and the amount of endurance exercise done in the previous year. (Author/FG)
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Performance Factors, Physical Characteristics, Sex Differences
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Moss, S. C.; Hogg, J. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1981
The variety of hand grips of 12 children, most of whom were moderately or severely retarded, were classified in order to begin an analysis of hand function. Test reliability was not as great when items were presented to the children as compared to when children were observed or rated by videotape. (FG)
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Motor Development, Object Manipulation, Preschool Children
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Goldberger, Michael; And Others – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1982
The effectiveness of three teaching styles in promoting motor skill acquisition and social skill development were examined in 96 fifth-grade students. Styles B, C, and E from Mosston's "Spectrum of Teaching Styles" appeared to be beneficial in helping students learn motor skills. (CJ)
Descriptors: Drills (Practice), Elementary Education, Grade 5, Independent Study
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Hensley, Larry D.; And Others – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1982
This study investigated the relationship between selected physical performance tests and body fatness in 563 boys and girls in grades one through four. Findings indicated that, although inversely related to the ability to move total body weight, body fatness was of minimal importance in explaining sex-based performance differences. (CJ)
Descriptors: Body Weight, Children, Elementary Education, Exercise Physiology
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Iso-Ahola, Seppo E.; Allen, Jon R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1982
The effects of outcome (winning, losing, no outcome) of leisure participation on leisure needs were investigated. Study of 438 male and female competitive and recreational basketball players indicated that successful and unsuccessful leisure experiences strongly shaped subjects' needs for leisure participation. (CJ)
Descriptors: Basketball, College Students, Competition, Higher Education
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