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Ainsworth, Barbara E.; Watson, Kathleen B.; Ridley, Kate; Pfeiffer, Karin A.; Herrmann, Stephen D.; Crouter, Scott E.; McMurray, Robert G.; Butte, Nancy F.; Bassett, David R., Jr.; Trost, Stewart G.; Berrigan, David; Fulton, Janet E. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purposes of this article are to: (a) describe the rationale and development of the Youth Compendium of Physical Activities (Youth Compendium); and (b) discuss the utility of the Youth Compendium for audiences in research, education, community, health care, public health, and the private sector. Methods: The Youth Compendium provides a…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Reference Materials, Metabolism, Youth
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Fortes, Leonardo S.; Nascimento-Júnior, José R. A.; Mortatti, Arnaldo L.; de Lima-Júnior, Dalton Roberto Alvas Araújo; Ferreira, Maria E. C. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
It seems that dehydration may impair decision-making performance in athletes. Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the influence of dehydration on passing decision-making performance in soccer players. Method: Participants were 40 male soccer players (M[subscript age] = 22.3 ± 2.3 years) who agreed to participate in the study and were randomly…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Team Sports, Athletes, Sport Psychology
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Erwin, Heather; Brusseau, Timothy A.; Carson, Russell; Hodge, Samuel; Kang, Minsoo – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
SHAPE America -- Society of Health and Physical Educators has targeted youth physical activity (PA) as 1 of its 4 goals within the 50 Million Strong[TM] campaign. Only 27.1% of youth met the target of all students (preK-12) participating in at least 60 min of PA that increases their heart rate enough to breathe hard at least some of the time for…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Life Style, Children, Adolescents
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Peña-González, Iván; Fernández-Fernández, Jaime; Moya-Ramón, Manuel; Cervelló, Eduardo – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The talent identification and selection process in young male soccer players is mainly focused on anthropometrics and physical performance, but social factors are also considered in this process. The purpose of this study was to test the existence of the relative age effect and its possible influence on anthropometrics and physical…
Descriptors: Talent Identification, Males, Athletes, Age Differences
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Bennie, Jason A.; Wiesner, Glen H.; Vergeer, Ineke; Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy L.; De Cocker, Katrien; Alexander, Chris; Biddle, Stuart J. H. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: There is currently no standardized testing protocol for assessing clients' fitness/health within the Australian fitness industry. This study examined the perceptions of the feasibility of using a standardized testing protocol among Australian fitness industry professionals. Method: In 2014, 1,206 registered fitness industry professionals…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physical Fitness, Physical Health, Evaluation Methods
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Bellenger, Clint R.; Thomson, Rebecca L.; Davison, Kade; Robertson, Eileen Y.; Nelson, Maximillian J.; Karavirta, Laura; Buckley, Jonathan D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Correlations between fatigue-induced changes in exercise performance and maximal rate of heart rate (HR) increase (rHRI) may be affected by exercise intensity during assessment. This study evaluated the sensitivity of rHRI for tracking performance when assessed at varying exercise intensities. Method: Performance (time to complete a 5-km…
Descriptors: Correlation, Metabolism, Exercise Physiology, Measurement
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Hadgraft, Nyssa; Owen, Neville – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
We provide an overview of a recently published, edited book in a rapidly emerging field of research, policy, and practice for physical activity: "Sedentary Behavior and Health". In this commentary, we highlight the broad perspectives provided in the 27 chapters of "Sedentary Behavior and Health" and suggest a research strategy…
Descriptors: Health Behavior, Physical Activities, Intervention, Physical Activity Level
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Armstrong, Neil – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Peak oxygen uptake (VO[subscript 2]) is internationally recognized as the criterion measure of youth aerobic fitness, but despite pediatric data being available for almost 80 years, its measurement and interpretation in relation to growth, maturation, and health remain controversial. The trainability of youth aerobic fitness continues to be hotly…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, Exercise, Physical Activities, Adolescents
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Martin, Rosemarie; Murtagh, Elaine M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of classroom-based physical activity interventions that integrate academic content and assess the effectiveness of the interventions on physical activity, learning, facilitators of learning, and health outcomes. Method: Six electronic databases (ERIC, PubMed, Google Scholar,…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Teaching Methods, Body Composition, Physical Activity Level
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Hüttermann, Stefanie; Memmert, Daniel – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Visual attention is essential in many areas ranging from everyday life situations to the workplace. Different circumstances such as driving in traffic or participating in sports require immediate adaptation to constantly changing situations and frequently the conscious perception of 2 objects or scenes at the same time. Method: The…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention, Visual Stimuli, Physical Activities
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Mitchell, Lachlan J.; Argus, Christos K.; Taylor, Kristie-Lee; Sheppard, Jeremy M.; Chapman, Dale W. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: There is uncertainty as to which knee angle during a squat jump (SJ) produces maximal jump performance. Importantly, understanding this information will aid in determining appropriate ratios for assessment and monitoring of the explosive characteristics of athletes. Method: This study compared SJ performance across different knee…
Descriptors: Athletes, Comparative Analysis, Statistical Analysis, Males
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Anderson, Lindsey J.; Baker, Lucinda L.; Schroeder, E. Todd – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Acute muscle damage after exercise triggers subsequent regeneration, leading to hypertrophy and increased strength after repeated exercise. It has been debated whether acute exercise-induced muscle damage is altered under various premenopausal estrogen conditions. Acute contraction-induced muscle damage was compared during exogenous (oral…
Descriptors: Human Body, Contraception, Exercise, Females
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Lee, Paul H. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Some confounders are nonlinearly associated with dependent variables, but they are often adjusted using a linear term. The purpose of this study was to examine the error of mis-specifying the nonlinear confounding effect. Methods: We carried out a simulation study to investigate the effect of adjusting for a nonlinear confounder in the…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Simulation, Diabetes, Hypertension
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Bruner, Mark W.; Balish, Shea M.; Forrest, Christopher; Brown, Sarah; Webber, Kristine; Gray, Emily; McGuckin, Matthew; Keats, Melanie R.; Rehman, Laurene; Shields, Christopher A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
An emerging area of research has focused on understanding how the group dynamics of a sport team influence positive youth development (PYD). The identities that youth form through their membership in sport teams (i.e., social identities) have been found to influence teammate behavior and team performance. Yet, minimal work exists on social…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Youth, Group Dynamics, Regression (Statistics)
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Sidaway, Ben; Bouchard, Matthew; Chasse, Julie; Dunn, Jonathan; Govoni, Andrea; McPherson, Breanne; Roy, Katherine; Anderson, David I. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: The requirement for postural stability during the performance of motor skills has been clearly demonstrated in infants, but the necessity for such a postural substrate is not well documented in adults. The present study investigated the role of postural stability during a ballistic ball-kicking task in adults by providing varying degrees…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Males, College Students, Late Adolescents
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