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van Abswoude, Femke; Nuijen, Nienke B.; van der Kamp, John; Steenbergen, Bert – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: A large pool of evidence supports the beneficial effect of an external focus of attention on motor skill performance in adults. In children, this effect has been studied less and results are inconclusive. Importantly, individual differences are often not taken into account. We investigated the role of working memory, conscious motor…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Short Term Memory, Attention, Preferences
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Kwon, Ja Youn; Kulinna, Pamela Hodges; van der Mars, Hans; Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka; Amrein-Beardsley, Audrey; Norris, Jason – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Physical educators may be the responsible people for implementing comprehensive school physical activity programs (CSPAPs) in schools. However, it is unclear whether physical education teacher education (PETE) programs provide the relevant learning opportunities to preservice teachers for CSPAP implementation. The purpose of this study…
Descriptors: Physical Education Teachers, Preservice Teachers, Student Teacher Attitudes, Preservice Teacher Education
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Michailov, Michail Lubomirov; Baláš, Jirí; Tanev, Stoyan Kolev; Andonov, Hristo Stoyanov; Kodejška, Jan; Brown, Lee – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: An advanced system for the assessment of climbing-specific performance was developed and used to: (a) investigate the effect of arm fixation (AF) on construct validity evidence and reliability of climbing-specific finger-strength measurement; (b) assess reliability of finger-strength and endurance measurements; and (c) evaluate the…
Descriptors: Muscular Strength, Measures (Individuals), Test Validity, Test Reliability
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Vieira, Luiz H. P.; Cunha, Sérgio A.; Moraes, Renato; Barbieri, Fabio A.; Aquino, Rodrigo; Oliveira, Lucas de P.; Navarro, Martina; Bedo, Bruno L. S.; Santiago, Paulo R. P. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the kicking performance of young soccer players in the U9 to U20 age groups. Method: Three hundred and sixty-six Brazilian players were evaluated on an official pitch using three-dimensional kinematics to measure (300 Hz) ball velocity (V[subscript ball]), foot velocity (V[subscript foot]),…
Descriptors: Motion, Accuracy, Team Sports, Comparative Analysis
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Costa, Rochelle Rocha; Pilla, Carmen; Buttelli, Adriana Cristine Koch; Barreto, Michelle Flores; Vieiro, Priscila Azevedo; Alberton, Cristine Lima; Bracht, Cláudia Gomes; Kruel, Luiz Fernando Martins – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of water-based aerobic training on the lipid profile and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) levels in premenopausal women with dyslipidemia. Method: Forty women were randomly assigned to: aquatic training (WA; n = 20) or a control group (CG; n = 20). The WA group underwent 12 weeks of water-based interval…
Descriptors: Exercise, Randomized Controlled Trials, Control Groups, Females
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St Quinton, Tom; Brunton, Julie A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study is the 3rd piece of formative research utilizing the theory of planned behavior to inform the development of a behavior change intervention. Focus groups were used to identify reasons for and solutions to previously identified key beliefs in addition to potentially effective behavior change techniques. Method: A purposive…
Descriptors: Intervention, Behavior Theories, College Freshmen, Undergraduate Students
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Taunton, Sally A.; Mulvey, Kelly Lynn; Brian, Ali S. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Although motor skill interventions often improve fundamental motor skills (FMS) during preschool, the extent of individual children's success in development of FMS still varies among children receiving the same intervention. Temperament is multifaceted and includes negative affect (high levels of frustration or anger), effortful control…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Motor Development, Psychomotor Skills, Psychomotor Objectives
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Lagestad, Pål; Mehus, Ingar – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Research from several countries has documented a decline in physical activity (PA) levels and in participation in organized sport with increasing age, indicating that organized sport may be of importance to adolescents' cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine how regular participation in organized and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Middle School Students, Grade 8, Adolescents
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Barnes, Matthew J.; Fraser, Jeremy; Coley, Karl; Perry, Blake G. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify whether post-resistance exercise (REx) blood flow restriction (BFR) can elicit a similar acute training stimulus to that offered by either heavy REx or traditional low-load BFR REx. Method: Ten men completed trials with 30% one-repetition maximum (1RM) for 5 sets of 15 repetitions without BFR…
Descriptors: Males, Metabolism, Exercise, Resistance (Psychology)
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Clennin, Morgan N.; Demissie, Zewditu; Michael, Shannon L.; Wright, Carly; Silverman, Stephen; Chriqui, Jamie; Pate, Russell R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine changes in school-based physical education (PE) attendance over time among nationally representative samples of U.S. high school students and how changes in PE attendance have varied across demographic subgroups. Method: Student demographic information and PE attendance data were obtained from 13…
Descriptors: High School Students, Physical Education, Attendance, Risk
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Islam, Hashim; Townsend, Logan K.; Hazell, Tom J. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Few studies have directly compared excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) and fat utilization following different exercise intensities, and the effect of continuous exercise exceeding 75% of maximal oxygen uptake (VO[subscript 2]max) on these parameters remains unexplored. The current study examined EPOC and fat utilization…
Descriptors: Exercise, Metabolism, Comparative Analysis, Males
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Gourlan, Mathieu; Boiché, Julie; Takito, Monica; Fregeac, Bruno; Cousson-Gélie, Florence – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The theory of planned behavior (TPB) has been criticized for not including interactions between the variables assumed to predict behavior. This study sought to test how TPB variables interact to predict physical activity (PA) in children. Method: Four hundred thirty-eight children (M[subscript age] = 8.6 years, SD = 1.6 years) completed a…
Descriptors: Prediction, Physical Activities, Correlation, Child Behavior
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Grafe, Kerstin; Bendick, Phillip; Burr, Margaret; Boura, Judy; Franklin, Barry A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of adjunctive resistance training (RT) in aerobically trained patients with coronary artery disease on systolic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE; using the traditional 6-to-20 scale), and rate-pressure product (RPP) responses to lifting fixed…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Muscular Strength, Human Body, Heart Disorders
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Iturricastillo, Aitor; Granados, Cristina; Cámara, Jesús; Reina, Raúl; Castillo, Daniel; Barrenetxea, Itziar; Lozano, Lander; Yanci, Javier – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The main purpose of the present study was to determine physiological responses in wheelchair basketball (WB) matches in relation to heart rate (HR), match load (ML), differentiated perceived exertion (dRPE), lactate concentrations (LA), and tympanic temperature (TEMP), while specifying the individual player's playing time during different…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Assistive Technology, Team Sports, Time
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Marchant, David C.; Griffiths, Gillian; Partridge, Julie A.; Belsley, Leah; Porter, Jared M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Research has demonstrated that verbal instructions directing attention externally (i.e., toward the effect of the movement) significantly enhance motor skill performance, and this effect is enhanced when the distance of the external focus relative to the body is increased. However, few studies have investigated this distance-of-focus…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Control Groups, Verbal Communication, Physical Activities
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