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McCuaig, Louise; Enright, Eimear; Rossi, Anthony; Macdonald, Doune; Hansen, Scott – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
In this article, we draw on current research to explore notions of socially just health and physical education (HPE) programs, in light of claims that a neoliberal globalization promotes markets over the states and a new individualism that privileges self-interest over the collective good. We also invite readers to consider the UN Educational,…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Physical Education, Health Education, Neoliberalism
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Evenson, Kelly R.; Shay, Elizabeth; Williamson, Stephanie; Cohen, Deborah A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: This study described the use of dog parks in several diverse locations and explored the contribution dog parks made to physical activity of the dog owners. Method: The Systematic Observation of Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) tool was used to count the number and characteristics of people using parks. Observations were…
Descriptors: Parks, Animals, Physical Activities, Interviews
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Zhang, Tao; Xiang, Ping; Gu, Xiangli; Rose, Melanie – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: The 2 × 2 achievement goal model, including the mastery-approach, mastery-avoidance, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance goal orientations, has recently been used to explain motivational outcomes in physical activity. This study attempted to examine the relationships among 2 × 2 achievement goal orientations, physical…
Descriptors: College Students, Physical Activities, Path Analysis, Quality of Life
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Esteban-Cornejo, Irene; Carlson, Jordan A.; Conway, Terry L.; Cain, Kelli L.; Saelens, Brian E.; Frank, Lawrence D.; Glanz, Karen; Roman, Caterina G.; Sallis, James F. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between adolescent and parental perceptions of neighborhood safety and adolescents' physical activity in multiple locations and to investigate the moderating effect of sex within this association. Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 928 adolescents aged 12 to 16…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Parent Attitudes, Neighborhoods, Safety
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Harveson, Andrew T.; Hannon, James C.; Brusseau, Timothy A.; Podlog, Leslie; Papadopoulos, Charilaos; Durrant, Lynne H.; Hall, Morgan S.; Kang, Kyoung-doo – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine differences in cognition between acute bouts of resistance exercise, aerobic exercise, and a nonexercise control in an untrained youth sample. Method: Ninety-four participants performed 30 min of aerobic exercise, resistance exercise, or nonexercise separated by 7 days each in a randomized…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, High School Students, Exercise, Control Groups
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Wright, Bradley James; O'Halloran, Paul Daniel; Stukas, Arthur Anthony – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: We assessed how 6 psychological performance enhancement techniques (PETs) differentially improved self-efficacy (SE) and skill performance. We also assessed whether vicarious experiences and verbal persuasion as posited sources of SE (Bandura, 1982) were supported and, further, if the effects of the 6 PETs remained after controlling for…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Performance, Comparative Analysis, Self Concept Measures
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Vescovi, Jason D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to quantify the locomotor, heart-rate, and metabolic power characteristics of high-level youth female field hockey matches. Method: Players from the U21 and U17 Canadian women's national teams were monitored during a 4-match test series using Global Positioning System technology. Position (forward,…
Descriptors: Athletes, Females, Team Sports, Foreign Countries
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Lemez, Srdjan; MacMahon, Clare; Weir, Patricia – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Annual age cohort groupings promote relative age effects (RAEs), which often, inadvertently, create participation and attainment biases between relatively older and younger players within the same age cohort. In a globally evolving sport, women's rugby team selection practices may potentially bypass qualified players as a result of maturational…
Descriptors: Womens Athletics, Age Differences, Foreign Countries, Statistical Analysis
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Nettlefold, Lindsay; Naylor, P. J.; Warburton, Darren E. R.; Bredin, Shannon S. D.; Race, Douglas; McKay, Heather A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: Patterns of physical activity (PA) and sedentary time, including volume of bouted activity, are important health indicators. However, the effect of accelerometer epoch length on measurement of these patterns and associations with health outcomes in children remain unknown. Method: We measured activity patterns in 308 children (52% girls,…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Children, Measurement, Measurement Equipment
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Corbin, Charles B. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Physical literacy is a term that has increasingly gained popularity in recent years. A variety of individuals and organizations have promoted the use of the term internationally, and a variety of claims have been made for the benefits of using the term. A historical overview allows the reader to consider physical literacy as one of many terms that…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Literacy, Models, Definitions
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Raabe, Johannes; Readdy, Tucker – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: Cheerleading is one of the fastest-growing sports in the United States. Members of spirit squads play an undeniable role in developing a university's athletic image, and participation in cheer has the potential to affect adolescents and young adults in a positive manner. Yet, cheerleaders also encounter stereotypes, constant…
Descriptors: College Athletics, College Students, Need Gratification, Motivation
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Mozumdar, Arupendra; Liguori, Gary – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: Estimating obesity prevalence using self-reported height and weight is an economic and effective method and is often used in national surveys. However, self-reporting of height and weight can involve misreporting of those variables and has been found to be associated to the size of the individual. This study investigated the biases in…
Descriptors: Body Composition, Body Height, Obesity, Computation
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McIver, Kerry L.; Brown, William H.; Pfeiffer, Karin A.; Dowda, Marsha; Pate, Russell R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: This study describes the development and pilot testing of the Observational System for Recording Physical Activity-Elementary School (OSRAC-E) Version. Method: This system was developed to observe and document the levels and types of physical activity and physical and social contexts of physical activity in elementary school students…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Physical Activities, Observation, Test Construction
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MacDonald, Megan; Lipscomb, Shannon; McClelland, Megan M.; Duncan, Rob; Becker, Derek; Anderson, Kim; Kile, Molly – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: The purpose of this article was to examine specific linkages between early visual-motor integration skills and executive function, as well as between early object manipulation skills and social behaviors in the classroom during the preschool year. Method: Ninety-two children aged 3 to 5 years old (M[subscript age] = 4.31 years) were…
Descriptors: Correlation, Visual Perception, Psychomotor Skills, Executive Function
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Marta, Sérgio; Silva, Luís; Vaz, João R.; Castro, Maria António; Reinaldo, Gustavo; Pezarat-Correia, Pedro – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the electromyographic patterns of the lower limb muscles during a golf swing performed by low- and high-handicap golfers. Method: Ten golfers (5 low- and 5 high-handicap) performed 8 swings using a 7-iron. Surface electromyography (EMG) was recorded for the following lower limb muscles on both sides:…
Descriptors: Athletes, Exercise Physiology, Diagnostic Tests, Comparative Analysis
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