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Morales-Belando, María Trinidad; Arias-Estero, José L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to know whether an intervention using an adaptation of the teaching games for understanding approach (named teaching races for understanding [TRfU]) led participants to improve skill execution, decision making, race performance, race involvement, race knowledge, enjoyment, intention to continue practicing…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational Games, Skill Development, Aquatic Sports
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Hutt, Rachel L.; Moore, Ginger A.; Mammen, Micah A.; Symons Downs, Danielle – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Marital dissatisfaction and conflict often increase for couples after the birth of a child and are evident in fewer positive family interactions and more negative family interactions. Because exercise is known to increase positive emotions and decrease negative emotions, the current study examined the extent to which higher levels of…
Descriptors: Exercise, Health Behavior, Correlation, Emotional Response
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Brian, Ali; Goodway, Jacqueline D.; Logan, Jessica A.; Sutherland, Sue – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Children from disadvantaged settings are at risk for delays in their object-control (OC) skills. Fundamental motor skill interventions, such as the Successful Kinesthetic Instruction for Preschoolers (SKIP) Program, are highly successful when led by motor development experts. However, few preschools employ such experts. This study…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Disadvantaged Youth, Psychomotor Skills, Kinesthetic Perception
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Hermens, Niels; Super, Sabina; Verkooijen, Kirsten T.; Koelen, Maria A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Despite the strong belief in sports programs as a setting in which socially vulnerable youth can develop life skills, no overview exists of life skill development in sports programs serving this youth group. Therefore, the present systematic review provides an overview of the evidence on life skill development in sports programs serving…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Daily Living Skills, Youth Opportunities, Youth Programs
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Smith, Lee; van Jaarsveld, Cornelia H. M.; Llewellyn, Clare H.; Fildes, Alison; López Sánchez, Guillermo Felipe; Wardle, Jane; Fisher, Abigail – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Variability in the timing of infant developmental milestones is poorly understood. We used a twin analysis to estimate genetic and environmental influences on motor development and activity levels in infancy. Method: Data were from the Gemini Study, a twin birth cohort of 2,402 families with twins born in the United Kingdom in 2007.…
Descriptors: Genetics, Environmental Influences, Child Development, Twins
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McKenzie, Thomas L.; Smith, Nicole J. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: An objective database for physical education (PE) is important for policy and practice decisions, and the System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time (SOFIT) has been identified as an appropriate surveillance tool for PE across the nation. The purpose of this review was to assess peer-reviewed studies using SOFIT to study K-12 PE in…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Databases, Meta Analysis, Physical Fitness
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Haegele, Justin A.; Zhu, Xihe – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the experiences of adults with visual impairments during school-based integrated physical education (PE). Method: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) research approach was used and 16 adults (ages 21-48 years; 10 women, 6 men) with visual impairments acted as…
Descriptors: Adults, Visual Impairments, Blindness, Physical Education
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Berei, Catherine P.; Pratt, Erica; Parker, Melissa; Shephard, Kevin; Liang, Tanjian; Nampai, Udon; Neamphoka, Guntima – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Scholarship is essential for the growth and development of the physical education field. Over time, scholarship expectations have changed, forcing faculty members to alter time spent for research, teaching, and service. Social-cognitive career theory (SCCT) presents a model for understanding performance and persistence in an occupational…
Descriptors: Physical Education Teachers, Scholarship, Productivity, Social Cognition
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Raedeke, Thomas D.; Dlugonski, Deirdre – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: This study was designed to compare a low versus high theoretical fidelity pedometer intervention applying social-cognitive theory on step counts and self-efficacy. Method: Fifty-six public university employees participated in a 10-week randomized controlled trial with 2 conditions that varied in theoretical fidelity. Participants in the…
Descriptors: Social Cognition, Self Efficacy, Fidelity, Intervention
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Kahan, David; McKenzie, Thomas L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Interscholastic, intramural, and club physical activity (PA) programs can be important contributors to student PA accrual at schools. Few studies have assessed factors related to the provision of these extracurricular PA programs, especially in private schools. Methods: We used a 16-item questionnaire to assess the associations and…
Descriptors: Extracurricular Activities, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Private Schools
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Donoso-Morales, Daniela; Bloom, Gordon A.; Caron, Jeffrey G. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Winning several national championships is an extraordinary feat that very few university coaches have accomplished. The objective of this study was to investigate how some of Canada's most accomplished university team-sport coaches created and sustained a culture of excellence in their programs. Method: Six university coaches who had won…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Athletic Coaches, College Athletics, Foreign Countries
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Moore, E. Whitney G.; Fry, Mary D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Individuals experiencing a highly caring, task-involving, and low ego-involving exercise climate have reported greater ownership in exercise class and empowerment to exercise in general. Purpose: This study examined the relationship between ownership and empowerment in exercise, with 2 context-specific outcomes, satisfaction with physical…
Descriptors: High School Students, Student Attitudes, Physical Education, Student Empowerment
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Cooper, Kenneth H.; Greenberg, Jayne D.; Castelli, Darla M.; Barton, Mitch; Martin, Scott B.; Morrow, James R., Jr. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
The purpose of this commentary is to provide an overview of national physical activity recommendations and policies (e.g., from the Institute of Medicine, National Physical Activity Plan, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) and to discuss how these important initiatives can be implemented in local schools. Successful policies are…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Physical Education, Physical Activities, Guidelines
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Azzarito, Laura – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
The current neoliberal context of schools presents difficult challenges in addressing persistent issues of social inequalities. In this article, first, I argue that because of today's market-driven education, the rise of fitness testing in school physical education (PE) can be seriously detrimental to young people in general and to ethnic-minority…
Descriptors: Global Approach, Physical Education, Neoliberalism, Physical Fitness
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Mullen, Sean P.; Silva, Marlene N.; Sardinha, Luís B.; Teixeira, Pedro J. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: This prospective study was designed to evaluate psychometric properties of the Activity Choice Index (ACI), a measure for assessing one's choice to engage in more effortful, physically active behaviors in the course of daily routines over less-demanding, sedentary behaviors, in a sample of overweight women. Method: The sample included 192…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Physical Activity Level, Life Style, Females
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