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Klatt, Stefanie; Noël, Benjamin; Musculus, Lisa; Werner, Karsten; Laborde, Sylvain; Lopes, Mariana Calábria; Greco, Pablo J.; Memmert, Daniel; Raab, Markus – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The concepts of creativity and intuition have been well studied in isolation, but less is known about their distinctive contributions to option generation in decision making. Method: We examined the relation between creative and intuitive decision making in two studies--one involving coaches and one involving soccer players--using video…
Descriptors: Creativity, Intuition, Decision Making, Correlation
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Fortes, Leonardo S.; Nascimento-Júnior, José R. A.; Mortatti, Arnaldo L.; de Lima-Júnior, Dalton Roberto Alvas Araújo; Ferreira, Maria E. C. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
It seems that dehydration may impair decision-making performance in athletes. Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the influence of dehydration on passing decision-making performance in soccer players. Method: Participants were 40 male soccer players (M[subscript age] = 22.3 ± 2.3 years) who agreed to participate in the study and were randomly…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Team Sports, Athletes, Sport Psychology
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Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
By bringing together the national German sports game community and an international scientific community in a joint conference, the 6th International Teaching Games for Understanding Conference (TGfU) Meets the 10th German Sports Games Symposium of the German Association of Sport Science (DVS), held July 25-27, 2016, at the German Sport University…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Team Sports, Racquet Sports, Athletics
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Raab, Markus; MacMahon, Clare – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: Previous discussions of the hot hand belief, wherein athletes believe that they have a greater chance of scoring after 2 or 3 hits (successes) compared with 2 or 3 misses, have focused on whether this is the case within game statistics. Researchers have argued that the perception of the hot hand in random sequences is a bias of the…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Decision Making, Athletes, Beliefs
Hancock, David J.; Ste-Marie, Diane M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2014
Much is known about sport officials' decisions (e.g., anticipation, visual search, and prior experience). Comprehension of the entire decision process, however, requires an ecologically valid examination. To address this, we implemented a 2-part study using an expertise paradigm with ice hockey referees. Purpose: Study 1 explored the…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Judges, Decision Making, Photography
MacMahon, Clare; Köppen, Jörn; Raab, Markus – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2014
Purpose: Recent evidence of the hot hand in sport--where success breeds success in a positive recency of successful shots, for instance--indicates that this pattern does not actually exist. Yet the belief persists. We used 2 studies to explore the effects of framing on the hot hand belief in sport. We looked at the effect of sport experience and…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Evidence, Team Sports, Physical Activities
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Hepler, Teri J.; Feltz, Deborah L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between decision-making self-efficacy and decision-making performance in sport. Undergraduate students (N = 78) performed 10 trials of a decision-making task in baseball. Self-efficacy was measured before performing each trial. Decision-making performance was assessed by decision speed and…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Team Sports, Path Analysis, Undergraduate Students
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Myers, Nicholas D.; Ahn, Soyeon; Jin, Ying – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
Monte Carlo methods can be used in data analytic situations (e.g., validity studies) to make decisions about sample size and to estimate power. The purpose of using Monte Carlo methods in a validity study is to improve the methodological approach within a study where the primary focus is on construct validity issues and not on advancing…
Descriptors: Sample Size, Monte Carlo Methods, Construct Validity, Validity
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Raab, Markus; Laborde, Sylvain – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
Intuition is often considered an effective manner of decision making in sports. In this study we investigated whether a preference for intuition over deliberation results in faster and better lab-based choices in team handball attack situations with 54 male and female handball players of different expertise levels. We assumed that intuitive…
Descriptors: Preferences, Intuition, Decision Making, Expertise
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Gray, Rob – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
This study used signal detection theory to conceptualize the problem a baseball batter faces when deciding whether or not to swing at a pitch. It examined the launch angle (LA) criteria used by expert (college players) and less experienced (recreational league players) batters using a baseball batting simulation. This study showed that, although…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Theories, Physical Activities, Evaluation Methods
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Fenton, Lindsay T.; Pitter, Robert – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
This paper discusses participant observation studies of two rugby seasons--one rural high school and one university club--in which one author served as a first aid provider and student athletic trainer, respectively. Through analysis using triangulation, we explored how the rules, athlete's status, and return-to-play boundary influenced decisions…
Descriptors: Injuries, Socialization, Athletes, First Aid
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Hack, Johannes; Memmert, Daniel; Rup, Andre – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
In this study, we examined attention processes in complex, sport-specific decision-making tasks without interdependencies from anticipation. Psychophysiological and performance data recorded from advanced and intermediate level basketball referees were compared. Event-related potentials obtained while judging game situations in foul recognition…
Descriptors: Attention, Attention Control, Task Analysis, Decision Making
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Canal-Bruland, Rouwen – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
Perceptual-cognitive processes play an important role in open, fast-paced, interceptive sports such as tennis, basketball, and soccer. Visual information processing has been shown to distinguish skilled from less skilled athletes. Research on the perceptual demands of sports performance has raised questions regarding athletes' visual information…
Descriptors: Attention, Visual Perception, Decision Making, Cognitive Processes
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Poplu, Gerald; Ripoll, Hubert; Mavromatis, Sebastien; Baratgin, Jean – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2008
The aim of this study was to determine what visual information expert soccer players encode when they are asked to make a decision. We used a repetition-priming paradigm to test the hypothesis that experts encode a soccer pattern's structure independently of the players' physical characteristics (i.e., posture and morphology). The participants…
Descriptors: Physical Characteristics, Team Sports, Visual Stimuli, Athletes
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Raab, Markus; Johnson, Joseph G. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2004
The goal of this article is to explain empirical risk-taking behavior in sports from an individual cognitive modeling perspective. A basketball task was used in which participants viewed four video options that varied in the degree of associated risk. The participants were independently classified by scores on the Questionnaire for Assessing…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Team Sports, Personality Traits, Psychological Patterns