ERIC Number: EJ1189189
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Self-Narrative Profiles of Elite Athletes and Comparisons on Psychological Well-Being
Houltberg, Benjamin J.; Wang, Kenneth T.; Qi, Wei; Nelson, Christina S.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v89 n3 p354-360 2018
Further research is needed on factors related to the emotional health of elite athletes. Previous research has linked self-narratives of people or their narrative identities to their psychological well-being. However, no study has yet examined self-narratives among elite athletes. Purpose: This study examined whether specific profiles or narrative identities of athletes emerge through multiple self-narrative indicators; these profiles were compared on measures of psychological well-being (e.g., depression, anxiety, postfailure shame levels, and life satisfaction). Method: Self-report data were collected from a sample of elite athletes (n = 99, Mdn age = 22 years, 52% male, 53% individual sports) competing at a National Collegiate Athletic Association Division 1, professional, or Olympic level. Results: Latent profile analysis revealed 3 profile types that significantly differed on measures of psychological well-being. Athletes with a "performance-based narrative identity" (high perfectionism, fear of failure, and contingent self-worth) demonstrated the highest levels of psychological disruptions (highest levels of depression, anxiety, and shame; lowest levels of life satisfaction), whereas a "purpose-based narrative identity" (high purpose, global self-worth, positive view of self after sport) was associated with the highest level of psychological well-being (lowest levels of depression, anxiety, and shame; highest levels of life satisfaction). Athletes in the mixed-type profile class reported better psychological well-being compared with the performance-based profile class but not the purpose-based profile class. Conclusions: Our findings provide initial evidence that particular self-narrative profiles of elite athletes contribute to their own psychological well-being in a significant way. Possible implications for practitioners are also discussed.
Descriptors: Athletes, Comparative Analysis, Well Being, Life Satisfaction, Team Sports, College Athletics, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Mental Health, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A