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Gillen, Zachary M.; Shoemaker, Marni E.; McKay, Brianna D.; Cramer, Joel T. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine magnitudes of differences for anthropometric and athletic performance scores between high school and elite college-level American football players. Method: Participants included high school-age (n = 3,666) athletes who participated in American football combines, as well as elite college-level (n…
Descriptors: High School Students, Athletes, Athletics, Team Sports
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Bauer, Pascal; Kraushaar, Lutz; Most, Astrid; Hölscher, Sophie; Tajmiri- Gondai, Shahin; Dörr, Oliver; Troidl, Christian; Bauer, Timm; Nef, Holger; Hamm, Christian W.; Keller, Till – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To evaluate vascular function and its relationship to cardiorespiratory fitness in professional handball athletes. Method: We examined 30 male professional handball athletes (age 27 [plus or minus] 4 y) and 10 male sedentary controls (age 26[plus or minus] 5 y) at rest. The workup included exercise testing via ergometry. To assess…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Athletics, Team Sports, Athletes
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Gomes, A. Rui; Gonçalves, A. Manuela; Dias, Olga; Morais, Catarina – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study tested two hypotheses relating young athletes' sports motivations to parental behaviors and cognitive appraisal: (1) young athletes' motivation in sports is related to their parents' behavior; and (2) this relationship is mediated by cognitive appraisal, even after controlling for competitive level and sports records. Method:…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Athletics, Team Sports, Competition
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Machado, João Cláudio; Barreira, Daniel; Teoldo, Israel; Travassos, Bruno; Júnior, João Bosco; Santos, João Otacílio Libardoni Dos; Scaglia, Alcides José – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate if player tactical skill level and age category influence team performance and player exploratory behavior in tasks with different difficulty levels. Method: In total, 48 youth male soccer players participated in the study (U15, n = 24, mean age = 13.06 [plus or minus] 1.53 years; U17, n = 24, mean age =…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Difficulty Level, Efficiency, Athletes
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Vieira, Luiz H. P.; Cunha, Sérgio A.; Moraes, Renato; Barbieri, Fabio A.; Aquino, Rodrigo; Oliveira, Lucas de P.; Navarro, Martina; Bedo, Bruno L. S.; Santiago, Paulo R. P. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the kicking performance of young soccer players in the U9 to U20 age groups. Method: Three hundred and sixty-six Brazilian players were evaluated on an official pitch using three-dimensional kinematics to measure (300 Hz) ball velocity (V[subscript ball]), foot velocity (V[subscript foot]),…
Descriptors: Motion, Accuracy, Team Sports, Comparative Analysis
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Okazaki, Fabio H. A.; Keller, Birgit; Fontana, Fabio E.; Gallagher, Jere D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
In sports, the relative age effect (RAE) refers to performance disadvantages of children born late in the competition year compared to those with birthdays soon after the cutoff date. This effect is derived from age grouping, a strategy commonly used in youth sport programs. The purpose of age grouping is to decrease possible cognitive, physical,…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Females, Team Sports, Athletes
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Lodewijkx, Hein F. M.; Brouwer, Bram – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
The 1990-2010 period in professional cycling is labeled by some as the epo epidemic. Surprisingly, performance enhancement by epo and blood doping is not that clear-cut for endurance athletes, leading to the question whether doping indeed strongly influenced cyclists' performances from the 1990s onwards. We examined the records (1947-2008) of the…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Foreign Countries, Exercise, Athletes
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Medic, Nikola; Starkes, Janet L.; Weir, Patricia L.; Young, Bradley W.; Grove, J. Robert – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
The relative age effect refers to the performance-related advantage of being born early in a cohort or selection year. Until recently it was unknown whether the relative age effect generalizes across the lifespan. Medic, Starkes, and Young (2007) reasoned that the 5-year age categories that are widely used in masters-level sports to organize…
Descriptors: Track and Field, Aquatic Sports, Athletes, Age Differences
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Raab, Markus; Johnson, Joseph G. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2004
The goal of this article is to explain empirical risk-taking behavior in sports from an individual cognitive modeling perspective. A basketball task was used in which participants viewed four video options that varied in the degree of associated risk. The participants were independently classified by scores on the Questionnaire for Assessing…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Team Sports, Personality Traits, Psychological Patterns