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Petridis, Leonidas; Utczás, Katinka; Tróznai, Zsófia; Kalabiska, Irina; Pálinkás, Gergely; Szabó, Tamás – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Vertical jump is a common test to measure impulsive ability in soccer; however, limited normative data have been published on young soccer players from vertical jump measurements on a force platform. The purpose of this study was to provide normative values for three chronological age groups of male junior soccer players (U16, U17 and,…
Descriptors: Athletes, Team Sports, Physical Activities, Foreign Countries
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Machado, João Cláudio; Barreira, Daniel; Teoldo, Israel; Travassos, Bruno; Júnior, João Bosco; Santos, João Otacílio Libardoni Dos; Scaglia, Alcides José – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate if player tactical skill level and age category influence team performance and player exploratory behavior in tasks with different difficulty levels. Method: In total, 48 youth male soccer players participated in the study (U15, n = 24, mean age = 13.06 [plus or minus] 1.53 years; U17, n = 24, mean age =…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Difficulty Level, Efficiency, Athletes
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Santos, Sara; Coutinho, Diogo; Gonçalves, Bruno; Schöllhorn, Wolfgang; Sampaio, Jaime; Leite, Nuno – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a differential-learning program, embedded in small-sided games, on the creative and tactical behavior of youth soccer players. Forty players from under-13 (U13) and under-15 (U15) were allocated into control and experimental groups and were tested using a randomized pretest to posttest…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Teaching Methods, Randomized Controlled Trials, Comparative Analysis
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Vescovi, Jason D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to quantify the locomotor, heart-rate, and metabolic power characteristics of high-level youth female field hockey matches. Method: Players from the U21 and U17 Canadian women's national teams were monitored during a 4-match test series using Global Positioning System technology. Position (forward,…
Descriptors: Athletes, Females, Team Sports, Foreign Countries
Faigenbaum, Avery D.; Best, Thomas M.; MacDonald, James; Myer, Gregory D.; Stracciolini, Andrea – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2014
Exercise deficit disorder (EDD) is a pediatric medical condition characterized by reduced levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) that are below current recommendations and inconsistent with positive health outcomes. At present, a majority of children and adolescents meet the diagnostic criteria for EDD because they are not…
Descriptors: Exercise, Physical Activity Level, Life Style, Health Behavior
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Hancock, David J.; Ste-Marie, Diane M.; Young, Bradley W. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2013
Relative age effects (RAEs; when relatively older children possess participation and performance advantages over relatively younger children) are frequent in male team sports. One possible explanation is that coaches select players based on physical attributes, which are more likely witnessed in relatively older athletes. Purpose: To determine if…
Descriptors: Males, Athletes, Athletic Coaches, Age Differences
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Ford, Paul R.; Williams, A. Mark – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
Athletes born early within an annual youth age-group selection year are probably more likely to be selected for sports teams and talent development programs than those born later in that year. Overrepresentation of these relatively older athletes in youth and adult sport is known as the relative age effect (RAE). RAEs were found in these popular…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Athletes, Talent Development, Comparative Analysis
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Okazaki, Fabio H. A.; Keller, Birgit; Fontana, Fabio E.; Gallagher, Jere D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
In sports, the relative age effect (RAE) refers to performance disadvantages of children born late in the competition year compared to those with birthdays soon after the cutoff date. This effect is derived from age grouping, a strategy commonly used in youth sport programs. The purpose of age grouping is to decrease possible cognitive, physical,…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Females, Team Sports, Athletes
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Hastie, Peter A.; Langevin, Francois; Wadsworth, Danielle – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
With a specific agenda of creating a fun activity that emphasized teamwork, cooperation, and sportsmanship, Mario Demers, a Canadian physical education professor, created Kin-Ball in the mid 1980s. The game involves three teams of four players each in which a large ball (4 feet diameter and 2.2 pounds weight (1.22 m and 1 kg, respectively) is sent…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Age Differences, Experience, Team Sports
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Vazou, Spiridoula – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
This study examined (a) variations in the perceptions of peer- and coach-generated motivational climate within and between teams and (b) individual- and group-level factors that can account for these variations. Participants were 483 athletes between 12 and 16 years old. The results showed that perceptions of both peer- and coach-generated climate…
Descriptors: Athletes, Self Concept, Cues, Motivation
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Medic, Nikola; Starkes, Janet L.; Weir, Patricia L.; Young, Bradley W.; Grove, J. Robert – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
The relative age effect refers to the performance-related advantage of being born early in a cohort or selection year. Until recently it was unknown whether the relative age effect generalizes across the lifespan. Medic, Starkes, and Young (2007) reasoned that the 5-year age categories that are widely used in masters-level sports to organize…
Descriptors: Track and Field, Aquatic Sports, Athletes, Age Differences
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Laurson, Kelly R.; Brown, Dale D.; Cullen, Robert W.; Dennis, Karen K. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2008
This study examined how activity type influenced heart rates and time spent in target heart rate zones of high school students participating in physical education classes. Significantly higher average heart rates existed for fitness (142 plus or minus 24 beats per minute [bpm]) compared to team (118 plus or minus 24 bpm) or individual (114 plus or…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Physical Education, Team Sports, Individual Activities