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Woodman, Tim; Roberts, Ross; Hardy, Lew; Callow, Nichola; Rogers, Catherine H. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
We investigated narcissism as a moderator of social loafing on a physical performance task. High and low narcissistic individuals twice performed a cycling task in same-sex teams of three: once when identifiability was low; and once when identifiability was high. A significant interaction between narcissism and identifiability was revealed, F(1,…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Physical Activity Level, Physical Fitness, Personality Problems
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Berry, Tanya R.; Spence, John C.; Stolp, Sean M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
This research examined attentional bias toward exercise-related images using a visual probe task. It was hypothesized that more-active participants would display attentional bias toward the exercise-related images. The results showed that men displayed attentional bias for the exercise images. There was a significant interaction of activity level…
Descriptors: Attention, Bias, Visual Aids, Exercise
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Anton, Stephen D.; Duncan, Glenn E.; Limacher, Marian C.; Martin, Anthony D.; Perri, Michael G. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
The 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2008) indicated that two approaches can be used to achieve the activity threshold needed to derive health benefits. Individuals may engage in either 150 min (2 hr 30 min) of moderate intensity activity (e.g., moderate-paced walking), or 75 min (1 hr…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Guidelines
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Kahan, David – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
In this study, I conducted focus group interviews with 21 Arab American college students (9 men, 12 women; 9 Muslims, 12 non-Muslims), who were selected for extreme manifestation of religiosity or acculturation, to explore their beliefs and attitudes toward socioecological (SE) factors that facilitated and hindered their individual physical…
Descriptors: College Students, Body Composition, Muslims, Physical Activities
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Hastie, Peter A.; Langevin, Francois; Wadsworth, Danielle – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
With a specific agenda of creating a fun activity that emphasized teamwork, cooperation, and sportsmanship, Mario Demers, a Canadian physical education professor, created Kin-Ball in the mid 1980s. The game involves three teams of four players each in which a large ball (4 feet diameter and 2.2 pounds weight (1.22 m and 1 kg, respectively) is sent…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Age Differences, Experience, Team Sports
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Gao, Zan; Oh, Hyunju; Sheng, Huiping – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
One of the most critical public concerns in the United States is the rapid increase in childhood obesity, partly due to the social and environmental changes (e.g., excessive TV and computer use, pressures of standardized testing, etc.) in the past few decades, which has resulted in less physical activity in school children's daily routines.…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Obesity, Body Composition, Physical Activities
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McCormack, Gavin R.; Rutherford, Jack; Giles-Corti, Billie; Tudor-Locke, Catrine; Bull, Fiona – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
The purpose of this study was to establish sex-specific criterion-referenced standards for pedometer-determined physical activity related to body mass index (BMI)-defined weight status among youth. We analyzed data from 7-16-year-old boys (n = 338) and girls (n = 337) and used pedometer-assessed physical activity and anthropometric data to derive…
Descriptors: Obesity, Body Composition, Physical Activities, Health Promotion
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Gao, Yong; Zhu, Weimo – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
Using differential item functioning (DIF) analyses, this study examined whether there were any DIF items in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) physical activity (PA) questionnaire. A subset of adult data from the 2003-04 NHANES study (n = 3,083) was used. PA items related to respondents' occupational, transportation,…
Descriptors: Bias, Physical Activities, Family Income, Transportation
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Gao, Zan; Hannon, James C.; Newton, Maria; Huang, Chaoqun – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine (a) the effects of three curricular activities on students' situational motivation (intrinsic motivation [IM], identified regulation [IR], external regulation, and amotivation [AM]) and physical activity (PA) levels, and (b) the predictive strength of situational motivation to PA levels. Four hundred twelve…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Team Sports, Physical Activities, Physical Fitness
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Moore, Delilah S.; Ellis, Rebecca; Kosma, Maria; Fabre, Jennifer M.; McCarter, Kevin S.; Wood, Robert H. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
We examined the measurement properties of fall-related psychological instruments with a sample of 133 older adults (M age = 74.4 years, SD = 9.4). Measures included the Comprehensive Falls Risk Screening Instrument, Falls-efficacy Scale-International (FES-I), Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC), modified Survey of Activities and Fear of…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Psychological Testing, Test Validity, Test Reliability
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Behrens, Timothy K.; Moy, Karen; Dinger, Mary K.; Williams, Daniel P.; Harbour, Vanessa J. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
Until recently, health statistics data for Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (NHPI) in the United States were almost nonexistent, due to their being historically aggregated into one homogenous group with Asian Americans. However, recent studies on U.S. NHPI highlight a multitude of obesity-related health disparities indicating the necessity…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Activities, Pacific Islanders, Hawaiians
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Hart, Teresa L.; Brusseau, Timothy; Kulinna, Pamela Hodges; McClain, James J.; Tudor-Locke, Catrine – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
This study compared step counts detected by four, low-cost, objective, physical-activity-assessment instruments and evaluated their ability to detect moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) compared to the ActiGraph accelerometer (AG). Thirty-six 10-11-year-old children wore the NL-1000, Yamax Digiwalker SW 200, Omron HJ-151, and Walk4Life…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Children, Measurement Equipment, Elementary School Students
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Quevedo-Junyent, Lluisa; Aznar-Casanova, Jose Antonio; Merindano-Encina, Dolores; Cardona, Genis; Sole-Forto, Joan – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
In this study, we examined differences in dynamic visual acuity between elite and subelite water polo players and sedentary students. To measure dynamic visual acuity binocularly, we asked participants to indicate the orientation of a broken ring, similar to the Landolt C, which increased in size as it moved across a computer screen. Two different…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Visual Acuity, Comparative Analysis, Athletes
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Labban, Jeffrey D.; Etnier, Jennifer L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
In this study, we tested the effect of acute exercise on long-term memory, specifically the timing of exercise relative to the memory challenge. We assessed memory via paragraph recall, in which participants listened to two paragraphs (exposure) and recounted them following a 35-min delay. Participants (n = 48) were randomly assigned to one of…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Exercise Physiology, Long Term Memory, Sport Psychology
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Beets, Michael W.; Banda, Jorge A.; Erwin, Heather E.; Beighle, Aaron – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
Childhood obesity prevention has fallen short of anticipated impact. Therefore, intervention programs need to be redirected to other potential settings to increase youth physical activity. This qualitative study, using autodriven interview techniques, was conducted to identify out-of-school settings that youth perceive as important for physical…
Descriptors: Obesity, Play, Intervention, Physical Activities
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