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Showing 1 to 15 of 107 results Save | Export
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de Lima, Luiz Rodrigo Augustemak; Silva, Diego Augusto Santos; do Nascimento Salvador, Paulo Cesar; Alves Junior, Carlos Alencar Souza; Martins, Priscila Custódio; de Castro, João Antônio Chula; Guglielmo, Luiz Guilherme Antonacci; Petroski, Edio Luiz – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: To examine the capacity of physiological variables and performance to predict peak oxygen consumption (peak VO[subscript 2]) in children and adolescents living with HIV. Method: Sixty-five children and adolescents living with HIV (30 boys) aged 8-15 years, participated in the study. Peak VO[subscript 2] was measured by breath-by-breath…
Descriptors: Children, Adolescents, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Physiology
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Cicone, Zackary S.; Holmes, Clifton J.; Fedewa, Michael V.; MacDonald, Hayley V.; Esco, Michael R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Maximal heart rate (MHR) is an important physiologic tool for prescribing and monitoring exercise in both clinical and athletic settings. However, prediction equations developed in adults may have limited accuracy in youth. The purpose of this study was to systematically review and analyze the available evidence regarding the validity of…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Physiology, Age Differences, Prediction
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Pereira, Lucas A.; Abad, César C. Cal; Leiva, Daniel F.; Oliveira, Gabriel; Carmo, Everton C.; Kobal, Ronaldo; Loturco, Irineu – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: This study examined the relationships between the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1) and resting heart rate variability (HRV) and submaximal 5'-5' test derived measures in novice male soccer players. Methods: Forty players (11.54 [plus or minus] 0.58 years) from a soccer academy participated in this study, performing…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Metabolism, Athletes, Team Sports
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Limpens, Vera; Buszard, Tim; Shoemaker, Emma; Savelsbergh, Geert J. P.; Reid, Machar – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The net height in tennis (0.91 m) is approximately 50% of a professional tennis player's height. Children are also expected to play with this net height, even though it is approximately 70% of the average 10-year-old's height. This study examined the immediate effect of lowering net height on the performance characteristics of skilled…
Descriptors: Racquet Sports, Foreign Countries, Talent Development, Psychomotor Skills
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Easley, Elizabeth A.; Black, W. Scott; Bailey, Alison L.; Lennie, Terry A.; Sims, Wilma J.; Clasey, Jody L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in heart rate recovery (HRRec) and oxygen consumption recovery (VO2 recovery) between young healthy-weight children and children with obesity following a maximal volitional graded exercise test (GXTmax). Method: Twenty healthy-weight children and 13 children with obesity completed body…
Descriptors: Children, Obesity, Body Composition, Physical Activities
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Santos, Sara; Coutinho, Diogo; Gonçalves, Bruno; Schöllhorn, Wolfgang; Sampaio, Jaime; Leite, Nuno – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a differential-learning program, embedded in small-sided games, on the creative and tactical behavior of youth soccer players. Forty players from under-13 (U13) and under-15 (U15) were allocated into control and experimental groups and were tested using a randomized pretest to posttest…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Teaching Methods, Randomized Controlled Trials, Comparative Analysis
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Canabrava, Karina L. R.; Faria, Fernanda R.; de Lima, Jorge R. P.; Guedes, Dartagnan P.; Amorim, Paulo R. S. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: This study aimed to compare the energy expenditure and intensity of active video games to that of treadmill walking in children and adolescents. Method: Seventy-two boys and girls (aged 8-13 years) were recruited from local public schools. Energy expenditure and heart rate were measured during rest, during 3-km/hr, 4-km/hr, and 5-km/hr…
Descriptors: Children, Early Adolescents, Energy, Physical Activity Level
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van Abswoude, Femke; Nuijen, Nienke B.; van der Kamp, John; Steenbergen, Bert – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: A large pool of evidence supports the beneficial effect of an external focus of attention on motor skill performance in adults. In children, this effect has been studied less and results are inconclusive. Importantly, individual differences are often not taken into account. We investigated the role of working memory, conscious motor…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Short Term Memory, Attention, Preferences
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Brusseau, Timothy A.; Burns, Ryan D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive relationship among physical activity, health-related fitness, and on-task classroom behavior in children using a discriminant function analysis. Method: Participants were a convenience sample of children (N = 533; M[subscript age] = 8.8 ± 1.9 years) recruited from 77 1st- through…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Health Related Fitness, Children
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Erwin, Heather; Brusseau, Timothy A.; Carson, Russell; Hodge, Samuel; Kang, Minsoo – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
SHAPE America -- Society of Health and Physical Educators has targeted youth physical activity (PA) as 1 of its 4 goals within the 50 Million Strong[TM] campaign. Only 27.1% of youth met the target of all students (preK-12) participating in at least 60 min of PA that increases their heart rate enough to breathe hard at least some of the time for…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Life Style, Children, Adolescents
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Armstrong, Neil – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Peak oxygen uptake (VO[subscript 2]) is internationally recognized as the criterion measure of youth aerobic fitness, but despite pediatric data being available for almost 80 years, its measurement and interpretation in relation to growth, maturation, and health remain controversial. The trainability of youth aerobic fitness continues to be hotly…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, Exercise, Physical Activities, Adolescents
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Zhang, Chunhua; Yang, Yang – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Various models and methods have been proposed to address the worldwide decline in children's and youth's physical fitness, and the social-ecological model has shown some promise. Yet, the impact of the policy intervention, one component of that model, has not been evaluated carefully. Using limited data from policy documents, the impact of policy…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, Children, Youth, Models
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Lima, Rodrigo Antunes; Bugge, Anna; Pfeiffer, Karin Allor; Andersen, Lars Bo – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze tracking and stability of motor coordination in children from age 6 years to ages 9 and 13 years. Method: Data were from the Copenhagen School Child Intervention Study. Motor coordination (MC) was measured using the körperkoordinationstest für Kinder (KTK) test. The crude performance score on every…
Descriptors: Perceptual Motor Coordination, Children, Preadolescents, Early Adolescents
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Guagliano, Justin M.; Updyke, Natalie J.; Rodicheva, Natalia V.; Rosenkranz, Sara K.; Dzewaltowski, David A.; Schlechter, Chelsey R.; Rosenkranz, Richard R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: This study investigated the effect of summer camp session context on Russian girls' physical activity (PA). Method: Girls (n = 32, M[subscript age] = 10.7 years, SD = 0.6 years) from a resident summer camp taking place in the Vologda Region of Russia were exposed to 1 session context/day (i.e., free play, organized with no choice,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Summer Programs, Resident Camp Programs, Physical Activities
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Bassett-Gunter, Rebecca; Rhodes, Ryan; Sweet, Shane; Tristani, Lauren; Soltani, Yasaman – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Parents play an important role in supporting children's physical activity (PA) behavior. Parent PA support is a behavior unto itself that has been examined within the framework of an adapted theory of planned behavior (TPB). The primary purpose of this research was to identify key barriers to parent PA support to understand perceptions of…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Barriers, Parent Role, Physical Activity Level
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