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Showing 61 to 75 of 109 results Save | Export
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Chen, Ang; Martin, Robert; Sun, Haichun; Ennis, Catherine D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2007
Constructivist physical education emphasizes cognitive engagement. This study examined the impact of a constructivist curriculum on in-class physical activity. Caloric expenditure in metabolic equivalents (MET) and vector magnitude count (VM) data from a random sample of 41 constructivist lessons were compared with those from a random sample of 35…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Physical Education, Physical Activities, Cognitive Processes
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Cothran, Donetta J.; Kulinna, Pamela Hodges – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine students' reports of misbehavior in physical education class. Secondary school participants (N = 2,309) completed a previously validated instrument designed to measure students' reports of 59 student behaviors occurring in classes that might affect class management (e.g., from talking to bringing weapons to…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Physical Education, Student Behavior, Statistical Analysis
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Jackson, Allen W.; Morrow, James R., Jr.; Bowles, Heather R.; FitzGerald, Shannon J.; Blair, Steven N. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2007
Valid measurement of physical activity is important for studying the risks for morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to examine evidence of construct validity of two similar single-response items assessing physical activity via self-report. Both items are based on the stages of change model. The sample was 687 participants (men =…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Construct Validity, Guidelines
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Weiss, Windee M.; Weiss, Maureen R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine age and competitive level differences in the relationship between determinants and level of sport commitment. Gymnasts (N = 304) comprised three age groups (8-11, 11-14.5, and 14.5-18 years) and two competitive levels (Levels 5-6 and 8-10). Multiple regression analyses revealed: (a) perceived costs and…
Descriptors: Motivation, Competition, Females, Athletics
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Munroe-Chandler, Krista J.; Hall, Craig R.; Fishburne, Graham J.; Strachan, Leisha – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2007
The purpose of this study was to investigate young athletes' imagery use from a developmental perspective. The participants were 110 male and female athletes competing in both team and individual sports. They represented four different age cohorts (i.e., 7-8, 9-10, 11-12, and 13-14 years). Sixteen focus groups, two for each age category and…
Descriptors: Focus Groups, Athletes, Early Adolescents, Imagery
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Kahan, David – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2007
Overweight and obesity plague American society and their burden is shared disproportionately by minorities at all age levels. The ramifications of overweight are well documented and include chronic morbidities such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and certain forms of cancer. Immigrants, who comprise 11% of…
Descriptors: College Students, Obesity, Body Composition, Age Differences
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Richards, Rosalina; Williams, Sheila; Poulton, Richie; Reeder, Anthony I. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2007
This study examined the strength of tracking sport participation from childhood to early adulthood among the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study cohort. Participation in sport, dance, or gymnastics as part of a club or group (outside of school) was assessed at ages 7, 9, 15, 18, and 21 years. In addition to the traditionally…
Descriptors: Clubs, Athletes, Children, Participation
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Duncan, J. Scott; Schofield, Grant; Duncan, Elizabeth K.; Hinckson, Erica A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of age group, walking speed, and body composition on the accuracy of pedometer-determined step counts in children. Eighty-five participants (43 boys, 42 girls), ages 5-7 and 9-11 years, walked on a treadmill for two-minute bouts at speeds of 42, 66, and 90 m[middle dot]min[superscript -1]…
Descriptors: Body Composition, Physical Activities, Children, Measurement Equipment
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Schott, Nadja; Alof, Verena; Hultsch, Daniela; Meermann, Dagmar – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2007
The protective effects of physical activity and fitness on cardiovascular health have clearly been shown among normally developed children. However, data are currently lacking pertaining to children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). The purpose of this study was to examine differences in fitness measures, body composition, and…
Descriptors: Obesity, Body Composition, Age Differences, Physical Activities
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Williams, Kathleen; Hinton, Virginia A.; Bories, Tamara; Kovacs, Christopher R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2006
Less is known about the effects of normal aging on speech output than other motor actions, because studies of communication integrity have focused on voice production and linguistic parameters rather than speech production characteristics. Studies investigating speech production in older adults have reported increased syllable duration (Slawinski,…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Interpersonal Communication, Age Differences, Task Analysis
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Bradshaw, Danielle I.; George, James D.; Hyde, Annette; LaMonte, Michael J.; Vehrs, Pat R.; Hager, Ronald L.; Yanowitz, Frank G. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2005
The purpose of this study was to develop a regression equation to predict maximal oxygen uptake (VO[subscript 2]max) based on nonexercise (N-EX) data. All participants (N = 100), ages 18-65 years, successfully completed a maximal graded exercise test (GXT) to assess VO[subscript 2]max (M = 39.96 mL[middle dot]kg[superscript -1][middle…
Descriptors: Adults, Exercise, Testing, Body Composition
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Hillman, Charles H.; Belopolsky, Artem V.; Snook, Erin M.; Kramer, Arthur F.; McAuley, Edward – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2004
Electrocortical and behavioral responses of low, moderate, and high physically active older adults where compared with a younger control group on neutral and incompatible conditions of a flankers task. Compared to younger adults, high and moderate active older adults exhibited increased event-related potentials component P3 amplitude for the…
Descriptors: Memory, Reaction Time, Physical Activities, Older Adults
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Jensen, Jody L.; Korff, Thomas – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2004
Reduction in performance variability is characteristic of skill acquisition during childhood. Less understood is the role of variability in adaptive skill. The purpose of this study was to determine children's capacity for adapting to changing task requirements. Children ages 4-14 years and adults rode a stationary ergometer at different levels of…
Descriptors: Motor Development, Children, Exercise, Psychomotor Skills
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Cox, Richard H.; Thomas, Tom R.; Hinton, Pam S.; Donahue, Owen M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2004
The purpose of this investigation was to study the effects of an acute bout of aerobic exercise on state anxiety of women while controlling for iron status (hemoglobin and serum ferritin). Participants were 24 active women, ages 18-20 years (n=12) and 35-45 years (n=12). In addition to a nonexercise control condition, participants completed one…
Descriptors: Females, Effect Size, Anxiety, Exercise
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Xiang, Ping; Lee, Amelia – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2002
Examined relationships between achievement goals, perceived motivational climate, and elementary and secondary students' self- reported mastery behaviors, noting age-related differences. Student surveys indicated that achievement goals and perceived motivational climate related to mastery behaviors, and those relations varied by age. Older…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age Differences, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education
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