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Showing 1 to 15 of 54 results Save | Export
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Cicone, Zackary S.; Holmes, Clifton J.; Fedewa, Michael V.; MacDonald, Hayley V.; Esco, Michael R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Maximal heart rate (MHR) is an important physiologic tool for prescribing and monitoring exercise in both clinical and athletic settings. However, prediction equations developed in adults may have limited accuracy in youth. The purpose of this study was to systematically review and analyze the available evidence regarding the validity of…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Physiology, Age Differences, Prediction
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Buskard, Andrew N. L.; Gregg, Heath R.; Ahn, Soyeon – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Guidelines for improving maximal concentric strength through resistance training (RT) have traditionally included large muscle-group exercises, full ranges of motion, and a load approximating 85% of the 1-repetition maximum (1RM). Supramaximal eccentric training (SME; controlled lowering of loads above the concentric 1RM) has also been shown to be…
Descriptors: Muscular Strength, Physical Education, Human Body, Improvement
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Erwin, Heather; Brusseau, Timothy A.; Carson, Russell; Hodge, Samuel; Kang, Minsoo – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
SHAPE America -- Society of Health and Physical Educators has targeted youth physical activity (PA) as 1 of its 4 goals within the 50 Million Strong[TM] campaign. Only 27.1% of youth met the target of all students (preK-12) participating in at least 60 min of PA that increases their heart rate enough to breathe hard at least some of the time for…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Life Style, Children, Adolescents
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Hadgraft, Nyssa; Owen, Neville – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
We provide an overview of a recently published, edited book in a rapidly emerging field of research, policy, and practice for physical activity: "Sedentary Behavior and Health". In this commentary, we highlight the broad perspectives provided in the 27 chapters of "Sedentary Behavior and Health" and suggest a research strategy…
Descriptors: Health Behavior, Physical Activities, Intervention, Physical Activity Level
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Armstrong, Neil – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Peak oxygen uptake (VO[subscript 2]) is internationally recognized as the criterion measure of youth aerobic fitness, but despite pediatric data being available for almost 80 years, its measurement and interpretation in relation to growth, maturation, and health remain controversial. The trainability of youth aerobic fitness continues to be hotly…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, Exercise, Physical Activities, Adolescents
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Martin, Rosemarie; Murtagh, Elaine M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of classroom-based physical activity interventions that integrate academic content and assess the effectiveness of the interventions on physical activity, learning, facilitators of learning, and health outcomes. Method: Six electronic databases (ERIC, PubMed, Google Scholar,…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Teaching Methods, Body Composition, Physical Activity Level
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Hüttermann, Stefanie; Memmert, Daniel – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Visual attention is essential in many areas ranging from everyday life situations to the workplace. Different circumstances such as driving in traffic or participating in sports require immediate adaptation to constantly changing situations and frequently the conscious perception of 2 objects or scenes at the same time. Method: The…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention, Visual Stimuli, Physical Activities
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Jette, Shannon; Maier, Julie; Esmonde, Katelyn; Davis, Cherise – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Prenatal exercise is a health behavior that is receiving growing attention amid concern that women in Western societies are gaining excess weight during pregnancy and contributing to future obesity in both the mother and child. In this article, we draw on insights from the fields of social epidemiology and social theory of the body to…
Descriptors: Prenatal Care, Exercise, Health Behavior, Epidemiology
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Hermens, Niels; Super, Sabina; Verkooijen, Kirsten T.; Koelen, Maria A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Despite the strong belief in sports programs as a setting in which socially vulnerable youth can develop life skills, no overview exists of life skill development in sports programs serving this youth group. Therefore, the present systematic review provides an overview of the evidence on life skill development in sports programs serving…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Daily Living Skills, Youth Opportunities, Youth Programs
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McKenzie, Thomas L.; Smith, Nicole J. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: An objective database for physical education (PE) is important for policy and practice decisions, and the System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time (SOFIT) has been identified as an appropriate surveillance tool for PE across the nation. The purpose of this review was to assess peer-reviewed studies using SOFIT to study K-12 PE in…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Databases, Meta Analysis, Physical Fitness
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Loprinzi, Paul D.; Herod, Skyla M.; Walker, Jerome F.; Cardinal, Bradley J.; Mahoney, Sara E.; Kane, Christy – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: Considerable research has shown adverse neurobiological effects of chronic alcohol use, including long-term and potentially permanent changes in the structure and function of the brain; however, much less is known about the neurobiological consequences of chronic smoking, as it has largely been ignored until recently. In this article, we…
Descriptors: Smoking, Biological Influences, Models, Physical Activities
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Webster, Collin A.; Webster, Liana; Russ, Laura; Molina, Sergio; Lee, Heesu; Cribbs, Jason – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: Since Sallis and McKenzie's seminal article in 1991 outlining physical education's role in public health, increased attention has been given to promoting youth physical activity in schools. The present study systematically reviewed the literature from 1991 to 2013 to identify recommendations for the preparation of physical…
Descriptors: Public Health, Alignment (Education), Physical Education, Preservice Teacher Education
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Janz, Kathleen F.; Thomas, David Q.; Ford, M. Allison; Williams, Skip M. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Evidence strongly supports a positive, causal effect of physical activity on bone strength and suggests long-term benefits of childhood physical activity to the prevention of osteoporosis. The contribution of healthy bone development in youth is likely to be as important to fracture prevention as the amount of late adulthood bone loss. Families,…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Children, Adolescents, Evidence
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McKenzie, Thomas L.; van der Mars, Hans – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Numerous methods are available to assess physical activity (PA) but systematic observation (SO) excels in being able to provide contextually rich data on the setting in which the activity occurs. As SO is particularly useful for determining how activity is influenced by the immediate physical and social environments, its use is becoming more…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Research Needs, Context Effect, Observation
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Templin, Thomas J.; Richards, K. Andrew R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2014
Charles H. McCloy was an icon in our profession. He was not only a leading researcher in the area of anthropometrics and tests and measurements, but he was a leading advocate for physical education (PE) in our country. McCloy's advocacy ties nicely into the authors' belief that the socialization process has a profound impact on the state…
Descriptors: Socialization, Physical Education, Physical Education Teachers, Generational Differences
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