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Griffiths, Brad; Grant, James; Langdown, Louis; Gentil, Paulo; Fisher, James; Steele, James – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019
Purpose: Resistance training is often performed in a traditional training style using deliberate relatively longer repetition durations or in an explosive training style using maximal intended velocities and relatively shorter repetition durations. Both improve strength, "power" (impulsivity), and speed. This study compared explosive and…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Athletes, Exercise, Muscular Strength
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Smith, Lee; van Jaarsveld, Cornelia H. M.; Llewellyn, Clare H.; Fildes, Alison; López Sánchez, Guillermo Felipe; Wardle, Jane; Fisher, Abigail – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Variability in the timing of infant developmental milestones is poorly understood. We used a twin analysis to estimate genetic and environmental influences on motor development and activity levels in infancy. Method: Data were from the Gemini Study, a twin birth cohort of 2,402 families with twins born in the United Kingdom in 2007.…
Descriptors: Genetics, Environmental Influences, Child Development, Twins
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Dagkas, Symeon – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Social justice education recognizes the discrepancies in opportunities among disadvantaged groups in society. The purpose of the articles in this special topic on social justice is to (a) provide a critical reflection on issues of social justice within health pedagogy and youth sport of Black and ethnic-minority (BME) young people; (b) provide a…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Health Education, Athletics, Youth Programs
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Perry, John L.; Clough, Peter J.; Crust, Lee; Nabb, Sam L.; Nicholls, Adam R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: A new measure of sportspersonship, which differentiates between compliance and principled approaches, was developed and initially validated in 3 studies. Method: Study 1 developed items, assessed content validity, and proposed a model. Study 2 tested the factorial validity of the model on an independent sample. Study 3 further tested the…
Descriptors: Program Development, Program Validation, Physical Education, Compliance (Legal)
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Costa, Silvia; Barber, Sally E.; Griffiths, Paula L.; Cameron, Noël; Clemes, Stacy A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2013
Purpose: This study assessed mothers' opinions about the feasibility and acceptability of using the ActiGraph GT3X+, Actiheart, and activPAL3 with their 2- to 3-year-old children, as well as with themselves and their husbands/partners, for an 8-day period. Method: Six focus groups were run with Pakistani and White British mothers ("n" =…
Descriptors: Measurement Equipment, Mothers, Parent Attitudes, Foreign Countries
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Weston, Neil J. V.; Greenlees, Iain A.; Thelwell, Richard C. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
Originally developed by Butler (1989) with the Great Britain Olympic boxing team, performance profiling is an assessment tool primarily used by sport psychologists to enhance athlete awareness. The completed profile provides the athlete, the coach, and psychologist with a visual representation of the athlete's perception of his or her performance…
Descriptors: Research Design, Intervention, Performance, Profiles
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Vazou, Spiridoula – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
This study examined (a) variations in the perceptions of peer- and coach-generated motivational climate within and between teams and (b) individual- and group-level factors that can account for these variations. Participants were 483 athletes between 12 and 16 years old. The results showed that perceptions of both peer- and coach-generated climate…
Descriptors: Athletes, Self Concept, Cues, Motivation
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Norman, Leanne – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
Based on interview research, this study examined how master female coaches based in the United Kingdom experienced relations with men within their profession. Using a feminist cultural studies approach to examine how sport promotes and maintains a gender order unfavorable to women, we found that female coaches felt the need to continually prove…
Descriptors: Athletic Coaches, Females, Foreign Countries, Sex Role
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Tudor-Locke, Catrine; McClain, James J.; Hart, Teresa L.; Sisson, Susan B.; Washington, Tracy L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
This review assembles pedometry literature focused on youth, with particular attention to expected values for habitual, school day, physical education class, recess, lunch break, out-of-school, weekend, and vacation activity. From 31 studies published since 1999, we constructed a youth habitual activity step-curve that indicates: (a) from ages 6…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Physical Activities, Females, Males
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Wadey, Ross; Hanton, Sheldon – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2008
This study examined the relationship between basic psychological skills usage (i.e., goal-setting, imagery, self-talk, and relaxation) and the intensity and directional dimensions of competitive anxiety. Semistructured interviews were used on a sample of 15 elite athletes (M age = 24.3 years, SD = 4.2) from a variety of team and individual sports.…
Descriptors: Athletes, Competition, Anxiety, Interviews
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Karageorghis, Costas I.; Jones, Leighton; Low, Daniel C. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2006
The present study examined the predicted positive and linear relationship (Iwanaga, 1995a, 1995b) between exercise heart rate and music tempo preference. Initially, 128 undergraduate students (M age = 20.0 years, SD = 0.9) were surveyed to establish their three favorite music artists. A separate experimental group of 29 undergraduates (M age =…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Exercise, Music, Undergraduate Students
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Armstrong, Neil; Koenig-McIntyre, Constance – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1992
Youth fitness levels in the United Kingdom are discussed, including a comparative analysis of Scandinavian children vs American youth concerning fitness levels. Two recommendations are offered: (1) increase the number and types of physical activities in earlier school years; and (2) do not decrease standards, but expect higher fitness performance.…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Children, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Secondary Education