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Rigby, Brandon Rhett; Gloeckner, Adam Robert; Sessums, Suzanne; Lanning, Beth Anne; Grandjean, Peter Walter – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to characterize pelvic displacement and cardiorespiratory responses to simulated horseback riding and walking in youth with cerebral palsy and to compare responses to youth without cerebral palsy before and after 8 weeks of hippotherapy. Method: Eight youth with cerebral palsy (M[subscript age] = 10 ± 4…
Descriptors: Biomechanics, Human Body, Metabolism, Responses
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Rigby, Brandon R.; Papadakis, Zacharias; Bane, Annie A.; Park, Jin K.; Grandjean, Peter W. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2015
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of cardiorespiratory and pelvic kinematic responses to simulated horseback riding (SHBR) and to characterize responses to SHBR relative to walking in apparently healthy children. Method: Fifteen healthy children (Mage = 9.5 ± 2.6 years) completed SHBR on a commercially available…
Descriptors: Biomechanics, Metabolism, Recreational Activities, Horses
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Whitfield, Geoffrey P.; Pettee Gabriel, Kelley K.; Kohl, Harold W., III. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2013
Purpose: To describe the development and preliminary evaluation of the Multicontext Sitting Time Questionnaire (MSTQ). Method: During development of the MSTQ, contexts and domains of sitting behavior were utilized as recall cues to improve the accuracy of sitting assessment. The terms "workday" and "nonworkday" were used to…
Descriptors: Measurement Equipment, Physical Activity Level, Questionnaires, Content Validity
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Greene, Nicholas P.; Greene, Elizabeth S.; Carbuhn, Aaron F.; Green, John S.; Crouse, Stephen F. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
We compared cardiorespiratory responses to exercise on an underwater treadmill (UTM) and land treadmill (LTM) and derived an equation to estimate oxygen consumption (VO[subscript 2]) during UTM exercise. Fifty-five men and women completed one LTM and five UTM exercise sessions on separate days. The UTM sessions consisted of chest-deep immersion,…
Descriptors: Exercise, Exercise Physiology, Human Body, Computation
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Morrow, James R., Jr.; Martin, Scott B.; Welk, Gregory J.; Zhu, Weimo; Meredith, Marilu D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
This paper summarizes the historical and legislative backgrounds leading to statewide testing of health-related physical fitness in Texas children grades 3-12 as mandated by Texas Senate Bill 530. The rationale and goals for an associated research project (the Texas Youth Fitness Study, funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation) to evaluate…
Descriptors: Health Related Fitness, Testing, State Legislation, Physical Education
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Welk, Gregory J.; Meredith, Marilu D.; Ihmels, Michelle; Seeger, Chris – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
This study examined demographic and geographic variability in aggregated school-level data on the percentage of students achieving the FITNESSGRAM[R] Healthy Fitness Zones[TM] (HFZ). Three-way analyses of variance were used to examine differences in fitness achievement rates among schools that had distinct diversity and socioeconomic status…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Physical Fitness, Geographic Location, Profiles
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Welk, Gregory J.; Jackson, Allen W.; Morrow, James R., Jr.; Haskell, William H.; Meredith, Marilu D.; Cooper, Kenneth H. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
This study examined the associations between indicators of health-related physical fitness (cardiovascular fitness and body mass index) and academic performance (Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills). Partial correlations were generally stronger for cardiovascular fitness than body mass index and consistently stronger in the middle school…
Descriptors: Health Related Fitness, Academic Achievement, Body Composition, Correlation
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Morrow, James R., Jr.; Martin, Scott B.; Jackson, Allen W. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality (reliability and validity) of large-scale fitness testing in Texas and determine if reliabilities and validities were related to potential confounding variables. Four test administration scenarios were conducted to investigate the quality of data collected statewide as part of the Texas…
Descriptors: Health Related Fitness, Tests, Test Validity, Test Reliability
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Martin, Scott B.; Ede, Alison; Morrow, James R., Jr.; Jackson, Allen W. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
This paper provides observations of physical fitness testing in Texas schools and physical education teachers' insights about large-scale testing using the FITNESSGRAM[R] assessment (Cooper Institute, 2007) as mandated by Texas Senate Bill 530. In the first study, undergraduate and graduate students who were trained to observe and assess student…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Physical Education, Group Discussion, Focus Groups
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Zhu, Weimo; Welk, Gregory J.; Meredith, Marilu D.; Boiarskaia, Elena A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
To better understand key physical education program factors and policies that may affect Texas students' physical fitness, a 39-question survey, administered as part of the Texas Youth Fitness Study (TYFS), was sent to 5,651 Texas schools via e-mail. The survey consisted of five sections: (a) demographics, (b) physical education/recess frequency…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Physical Fitness, School Policy, Recess Breaks
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Zhu, Weimo; Boiarskaia, Elena A.; Welk, Gregory J.; Meredith, Marilu D. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
Using two major data sets from the Texas Youth Fitness Study, ordinary least squares regression, and hierarchical linear modeling, we examined the impact of key correlates in school physical education programs and policies on students' fitness status and cross-grade differences. While a number of factors, such as teachers' training/updates, recess…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Obesity, Physical Activities, Least Squares Statistics
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Corbin, Charles B. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
When institutional testing is done well, there are many potential benefits; however, it is not without its negatives. The Texas Youth Evaluation Project (TYEP) is an example of large scale institutional testing that yielded more than a few benefits. However, results reported some problems as well. Much has been learned from the TYEP, including…
Descriptors: Health Related Fitness, Testing, Measurement, Physical Education
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Cooper, Kenneth H. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2010
The passage of Senate Bill 530 in June 2007 increased visibility about the importance of health-related fitness in Texas. As a result of the mandate, more than 2.6 million 3rd- through 12th-grade students from all Texas counties were evaluated between January 1, 2008, and June 1, 2008, using a standardized test of health-related physical fitness…
Descriptors: Health Related Fitness, Testing, Standardized Tests, Elementary School Students
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Morrow, James R., Jr.; Ede, Alison – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2009
Statewide physical fitness testing is gaining popularity in the United States because of increased childhood obesity levels, the relations between physical fitness and academic performance, and the hypothesized relations between adult characteristics and childhood physical activity, physical fitness, and health behaviors. Large-scale physical…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Activities, Testing, Physical Fitness
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Young, Deborah Rohm; Steinhardt, Mary A. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1993
This cross-sectional study examined relationships among physical fitness, physical activity, and risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) in male police officers. Data from screenings and physical fitness assessments indicated physical activity must be sufficient to influence fitness before obtaining statistically significant risk-reducing…
Descriptors: Cross Sectional Studies, Health Behavior, Heart Disorders, Males
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